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• 1750-1820
• “simplicity rather than complexity”
• 3 Main Composers:
• Haydn
• Mozart
• Beethoven
• Woodwinds
• Clarinet
• Keyboard:
• Fortepiano
Types of Compositions
• Sonata- literally means a piece played
• Symphony- extended musical composition scored almost always for
• Concerto- is a musical composition usually composed in three parts
or movements, in which (usually) one solo instrument (for instance,
a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra.
• Opera- is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a
dramatic work combining text and musical score, usually in a
theatrical setting.
Franz Joseph Hadyn
• was an Austrian composer
• "Father of the Symphony"
• "Father of the String Quartet"
• Left home to study music at the age of 6 and never again lived with
his parents again.
• Carried out a prank by cutting off the pigtail of a fellow choir
member. This caused him to be kicked out of the place that he lived
leaving him homeless.
• Many of his works were sold in music stores without his knowledge
but later in life, his music became popular to where he made a
Haydn’s Famous Works
• Symphony No. 94, “Surprise”, Movement 2
• Symphony No. 104 in D Major, “London”
• Concerto No. 1 in C Major
Ludwig von Beethoven
• German composer and pianist.
• Beethoven's first music teacher was his father. Tradition has it that
Johann van Beethoven was a harsh instructor, and that the child
Beethoven, "made to stand at the keyboard, was often in tears.”
• Beethoven was six on the posters for his first public performance.
• Studied with the composer Haydn.
• At age 26, he began to lose his hearing.
• He composed his entire Symphony No. 9 completely deaf.
• Some believe that Beethoven suffered from bipolar disorder.
• It is suggested that he died at the young age of 56 due to significant
liver damage because of drinking too much.
Beethoven’s Famous Works
• Symphony No. 9, 2 nd Movement
• Symphony No. 5
• Moonlight Sonata
• Fur Elise
• (Dubstep Version)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
• he composed from the age of five and performed before European
• Worked with many other famous composers at a young age
traveling to many places while doing so. Many of his teachers felt
that they weren’t talented enough to teach Mozart.
• Had a reputation for a party life style and often had confrontations
with people he worked for. He acquired many debts because he
managed his money poorly.
• He grew very ill but was persistent that he finish writing his final
piece, “The Requiem” which was never completed.
• He died at age 35 in which the cause is claimed to be unknown.
• His work after his dead became widely popular and he is considered
one of the greatest composers of all time with the most advances in
music composition.
Mozart’s Famous Works
• Symphony No. 40
• Piano Sonata in C
• Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, 12 Variations, Theme and Variations
• Symphony No. 25 in G Minor
• Turkish March