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Ludwig van Beethoven A Classical\Romantic Composer 1770-1827 Bridge Between Classic and Romantic Classic Era ended about 1820. Grew up during the time of Haydn and Mozart. Brought Classic styles into the Romantic period by adding more emotion into his music Enlarged the orchestra. Infused all music with passion. Beethoven’s Early Life Born in Bonn, Germany on December 16th, 1770 to a family of musicians. 1792 - Studied with Haydn in Vienna. Poor relationship with Haydn. Beethoven – rebellious & headstrong; Haydn – old fashioned & pompous. Lived off his piano skills. Earliest compositions were piano and Chamber works. 1800 – Began going deaf. 1817 – Completely deaf. Beethoven’s Heroic Phase Sense of triumph over adversity. “I will seize fate by the throat.” 1802-1812 – Wrote 6 symphonies, 4 concertos, 5 string quartets, and his opera. Starting with Sym #3 he began writing music that was much larger in scope and length. Most popular music written during this time. Eroica Symphony, Symphony #5, Fidelio. Beethoven’s Late Years Completely deaf by this time. Wrote some of his most revolutionary music. (bridging the gap between Classical and Romantic periods) Last 3 piano sonatas. Symphony #9 – added chorus and vocal solos to movement 4 (based on the poem “Ode to Joy” by Schiller). Last series of string quartets. Missa Solemnis Beethoven’s “Fingerprints” Extremely passionate and powerful music (fire). Long, powerful crescendos. Dramatic use of Classic structures (especially Sonata form). Sudden key changes that fit into a powerful harmonic logic.