Review - Concerts in the West
... Within the genre of chamber music, a programme of violin sonatas - even if you include two of the world’s
greatest composers - may not have the same appeal as, say, an evening of string quartets or piano sonatas.
German-born violinist Sebastian Müller and South African Nico de Villiers, who have alr ...
... It is so called because most Classical sonatas
were constructed in this form
The 1st movement of most Classical
symphonies and concertos would also be
written in sonata form.
... o Lightness and clarity was desired
Melody became supreme
Accompaniment supported melody and moved together
rhythmically - homophony
o Given that the focus was on a single melody, dynamics and
phrasing became important
o Instrumental music gained importance
Orchestra became larger (35)
Classical and Romantic Eras
... both themes; may be accomplished through key
change or other ideas; motives based on one or both
themes are central to the development
• Recapitulation-(A Section) a restatement or
repetition of the main theme material; often makes
dynamic adjustments for dramatic effects
• May have a C section call ...
General Notes on The Enlightment
... Classical theorists all describe the form (incipient sonata form) as a bipartite form.
The bipartite view rests on its harmonic dynamism while the tripartite view is
The first theorist to use the term “sonata form” was Adolph Bernhard Marx in his
three volume work Composition, wri ...
Classical and Romantic
... Romantic and late Romantic Period
The romantic and late romantic periods lasted from 1790 to 1910.
Further developments were made from the classical period. The
classical period used much symmetry and structure however, the
romantic period gave way to more emotion and expressiveness.
The concerto an ...
... NB: The thematic outline shown is only an example. Different concertos have different
(Neo) Classical Music - Fort Thomas Independent Schools
... The Sonata Form developed during this
NOT to be confused with a Sonata
The Sonata Form was a way of
structuring the first movement in a multimovement composition.
Also called “First movement form” and
“Sonata Allegro Form” since the first
movement is usually in an allegro tempo
CHAPTER 1 Music in Ancient Greece
... • Retransition: the end of the development which brings
back harmonic stability (often in the form of a dominant
• Recapitulation: the return to the thematic material of the
exposition, varied to ensure that the second theme remain
in the tonic key.
• Coda: Italian for "tail," an addit ...
The Classical period
... the highly ornamented music of the Baroque.
The defining concept of the Baroque was
ornamented; in contrast to that, the Classical
period was defined by simplicity and order.
Compositional techniques were also
changing. Homophony was the most
common compositional technique: a
single melody is accomp ...
C. P. E. Bach: Fantasia in E Flat Major Wq 58
... effective composition. But it does suggest that while writing these fantasias, Bach’s view of the
genre evolved toward a more formal, less improvisatory concept.’ E flat major fantasia can be seen
as closer to sonata form as it ends with a recapitulation section. For Schulenberg, ‘its inner section ...
Music in the Classical Period
... - Keyboard sonata
- Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
- C. P. E. Bach (1714-1788)
Scarlatti: Sonata in D major, K. 119
Since the nineteenth century, the form has been viewed as a three-part structure, but
eighteenth century writers understood it as a binary form (see Figure 14.10).
M250 Midterm Who was the greatest English composer in writing
... 9. Give 3 ideas/philosophies the Enlightenment was for and the corresponding 3 it was
against (i.e. against metaphysics and for common sense and applied science) (12)
10. In what musical ways did the social and economic changes of the Baroque and
Classical period affect the middle class? Be specific ...
Lesson 3: Classical Period Historical Events
... Classical music has a 13)_______, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex. It is mainly
homophonic — 14)____________ above chordal accompaniment but counterpoint is by no means
forgotten, especially later in the period.
Variety and contrast within a piece became more pronounced than b ...
... that constitutes one of the pinnacles of Western
1. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and ______ were two of
... d. A fast movement in sonata form is
sometimes preceded by a slow
introduction that creates a strong feeling
13. Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that
are developed within a composition are called
14. Sonata form should be viewed ...
... Sonata Form
Haydn – influence on music
Mozart – child prodigy
Opera compositional style
Lorenzo da Ponte operas
Don Giovanni – plot
Beethoven – life and character
3 compositional periods
Early – Pathetique Sonata
Heiligenstadt Testament ...
21M011 (spring, 2006) Ellen T. Harris Lecture V Classical Era (1750
... 1. Enlightenment: the application of rational, “scientific” principles to the social contract
(morality, education and politics), especially in terms of social injustice/breaking down
of monarchical and aristocratic societies/ so-called “rise of the middle class”/ freedom of
religion/ understanding ...
... He wrote operas in the comic Italian style as well as those in his
Mozart’s operas demonstrate an outstanding integration of vocal
and instrumental elements. Arias, vocal duets, trios,quartets,
recitatives and choruses were combined with his unique symphonic
style. Overtures became ...
Music in the Classical Period
... Balanced, regular and graceful
Clear structure with regular cadences.
Contrast, in terms of key, melodies
and varied dynamics.
study guide test 2 tmc online mu190 introduction to music and art
... Pollock; Munch; Seurat.
People. Be able to match composers and artists with their stylistic eras (Classical, Romantic,
Twentieth Century). For example, Mozart = Classical, Lawrence = Classical, Schumann
= Romantic, Turner = Romantic, Copland = 20th Century, Picasso = 20th Century.
Forms. Know sonata ...
History of sonata form
This article treats the history of form in the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern eras. For a definition of sonata form, see Sonata Form. For an account of critical thought as it relates to sonata form, see Criticism and sonata form. For discussion of works entitled or called sonata see Sonata.Sonata form is one of the most influential ideas in the history of Western classical music. Since the establishment of the practice by composers like C.P.E. Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert and the codification of this practice into teaching and theory, the practice of writing works in sonata form has changed considerably.