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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Study Guide
1. Where was the Maya civilization located? Yucatan Peninsula
2. Did the Maya have wheeled technology? no
3. Which of the following did the Maya have: a system of writing, a system of numbers, a
calendar, or scientific tools? (circle all that apply) the first three
4. What were the most important buildings in the Maya civilization? pyramids
5. The Aztecs built their civilization in the location of modern-day Mexico .
6. What was Aztec life like before they built their empire?
They were wanderers.
7. The Aztecs were known as what kind of people? fierce warriors
8. Describe features of the Aztec civilization.
○ offering of human sacrifices
○ constant warfare
○ society centered around religion
9. Who was a prominent ruler of the Aztec Empire? Montezuma
10. Describe the Aztec style of government.
The Aztec style of government was an empire united under a single ruler.
11. What was unusual about the location of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan?
It was on an island.
12. Why did the Aztecs constantly wage war?
They needed prisoners for human sacrifices.
13. Where were the Incas? Pacific coast of South America
14. What is the name of the mountain range that extends through the Inca Empire? Andes
15. What is the name for the sole ruler of the Inca Empire? Sapa Inca
16. What is the name for the Inca tax collector and matchmaker? He-Who-Sees-Everything
17. Describe how the llama was an important animal for the Inca.
● pack animal
● great strength
● great endurance
● eats almost anything
● go long periods without water
● gentle
● transport goods
● wool for clothing
● hide for rugs and coats
● waste for fuel and fertilizer
● meat for food
18. What is the purpose of the quipu?
The purpose of the quipu was to record information.
19. How was farming possible for the Incas in the rugged mountains?
They cut terraces into the mountainsides.
20. What do Cuzco, Machu Picchu, and Quito have in common?
They were cities of the Inca empire.
21. Name the achievements of the Inca engineers.
● terraced farmlands
● suspension bridges
● irrigation systems
22. Describe the Aztecs’ and Incas’ reaction and demeanor upon meeting the Spanish.
curious and friendly
23. Which conquistadors invaded which empires?
Cortes invaded the Aztecs.
Pizarro invaded the Incas.
24. What happened to the rulers of the Aztec and Inca empires during the invasions by the Spanish?
They were taken hostage by the Spanish.
25. The Spaniards enjoyed rapid success in conquering the Aztec and Inca empires due to several
factors. What were those factors?
● Disease brought by the Spanish
● discontent and rebellion among the Native Americans
● superior military technology