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Chapter 1 Introduction to Earth Science Chapter Test
Earth Science Chapter Tests 1
Multiple Choice
Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on
the line provided.
1. Which of the following is NOT one of the main areas of
Earth science?
a. geology
b. oceanography
c. astrology
d. astronomy
2. The area of Earth science that examines the physical and
biological changes that have occurred in Earth’s past is
a. meteorology.
b. physical geology.
c. oceanography.
d. historical geology.
3. According to the nebular hypothesis, our solar system
formed from a huge rotating cloud made mostly of
a. carbon and hydrogen.
b. helium and hydrogen.
c. oxygen and helium.
d. nitrogen and oxygen.
4. Which of Earth’s spheres includes the oceans, groundwater,
lakes, and glaciers?
a. atmosphere
b. biosphere
c. hydrosphere
d. geosphere
5. The asthenosphere and lithosphere are parts of Earth’s
a. geosphere.
b. biosphere.
c. hydrosphere.
d. atmosphere.
6. What are the three main parts of the geosphere?
a. atmosphere, crust, core
b. lithosphere, mantle, core
c. crust, mantle, core
d. asthenosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere
Name ___________________________ Class ___________________ Date _____________
7. The theory of plate tectonics helps scientists explain
a. how ocean currents move over Earth’s surface.
b. why hurricanes occur.
c. how earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
d. why Earth’s mantle is more dense than its crust.
8. On the global grid, the prime meridian is at
a. 0° latitude.
b. 0° longitude.
c. 90° latitude.
d. 90° longitude.
9. AMercator projection map shows accurate
a. directions, but has distorted sizes and distances.
b. distances, sizes, and shapes, but has distortions around
the edges.
c. size, but has distorted distances.
d. size and accuracy only at the center of the map.
10. Which type of map best shows differences in elevation?
a. Mercator
b. Robinson
c. gnomonic
d. topographic
11. On a topographic map, contour lines that form a circle
a. a lake.
b. a hill.
c. an ocean.
d. a depression.
12. On a topographic map, the elevation of an area with contour
lines that are very far apart is
a. nearly flat.
b. very steep.
c. constantly changing.
d. mountainous.
13. Amap with a scale of 1:24,000 means that
a. 1 unit on the map is equal to 24,000 units on the ground.
b. 1 unit on the ground is equal to 24,000 units on the map.
c. the contour interval is 24,000 m.
d. the contour interval changes every 24,000 m.
© Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Earth Science Chapter Tests 2
14. What receives radio waves from space objects such as
a. GPS equipment
b. Landsat satellites
c. VLBI equipment
d. navigation satellites
15. We can say that Earth is a system because all of its parts
a. represent separate closed systems.
b. interact.
c. were formed at the same time.
d. are powered by the same energy source.
16. Which of the following would be one of the interacting parts
in a weather system?
a. weather satellite
b. clouds
c. tectonic plate
d. GPS unit
17. Which of the following are powered by energy from Earth’s
a. erosion
b. ocean circulation
c. volcanoes
d. weather
18. Which of the following is an example of a renewable
a. iron
b. oil
c. aluminum
d. plants
19. Which of the following is an environmental hazard created
by humans?
a. air pollution
b. flood
c. hurricane
d. drought
20. A scientific hypothesis can become a theory if
a. the entire scientific community accepts it.
b. the hypothesis is tested extensively and competing
hypotheses are eliminated.
c. there are no other competing hypotheses.
d. the hypothesis can be tested at least once.