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By: Heather Estes, Nicole McCarty,
Amber Olson, & Derek Schneider
Self concept is the set of
values and beliefs,
conscious or accessible
to one's consciousness,
as well as attitudes and
opinions the individual
has of himself, and of
himself as regards
others, the world and
all that one's mind can
Identity Disorders
-one cannot identify
correctly with one’s
self because of the
Self Esteem Disorders
-low self esteem in
someone can generate
these disorders
Gender Identity Disorder
Person’s sex and gender identity
Person wants to become the
other gender
Often Cross Dresses
Increasing number have surgery
Dissociative Disorder
Multiple Personality Disorder
More than one identity
Each identity is unique and
8-13 personalities per person
with disorder is the average
Results from traumatic
experience during childhood
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Desires attention & admiration
Self centered and big into self
Low self esteem but act entitled to
Obsessive Compulsive Personality
Indecisiveness and little emotion
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Children ignore requests & rules
Saying no
Blame others
Negative SelfConcept
• Doing poorly in school;
• Having few friends;
• Putting down one-self and
• Rejecting compliments;
• Teasing others;
• Showing excessive amounts
of anger;
• Being excessively jealous;
• Appearing conceited; or
• Hesitating to try new things
Identity Issues
•Identity problems
•Negative self definition
•Confused boundaries
•Feelings of emptiness
•Difficulty maintaining any
personal relationships
•Hyper vigilance/other
Scholastic competence
Athletic competence
Physical appearance
Peer acceptance
Close friendships
Job competence
Gender Identity
Psychological therapy can alter the
course of gender identity disorder.
Early intervention can lead to less
transsexual behavior later in life.
The initial focus of the treatment is
to help the individual function in
his/her biologic sex role as well as
Adults who have severe gender
identity disorder which has
persisted for many years
sometimes request reassignment of
their sex, or sex-change surgery.
Prior to this kind of surgery they
usually go through a long period
of hormone therapy which
attempts to suppress same sex
characteristics and accentuate
other sex characteristics.
The treatment for dissociative amnesia is
therapy aimed at helping the client/patient
restore lost memories as soon as possible. If a
person is not able to recall the memories,
hypnosis or a medication called Pentothal
(thiopental) can sometimes help to restore the
memories. Psychotherapy can help an
individual deal with the trauma associated
with the recalled memories.
Cognitive behavioral
therapy. In general,
cognitive behavioral therapy
helps you identify
unhealthy, negative beliefs
and behaviors and replace
them with healthy, positive
Family therapy. Family
therapy typically brings the
whole family together in
therapy sessions. You and
your family explore conflicts,
communication and
problem-solving to help cope
with relationship problems.
Group therapy. Group
therapy, in which you meet
with a group of people with
similar conditions, may be
helpful by teaching you to
relate better with others. This
may be a good way to learn
about truly listening to
others, learning about their
feelings and offering
The short-term goal of psychotherapy for
narcissistic personality disorder is to address
such issues as substance abuse, depression, low
self-esteem or shame. The long-term goal is to
reshape your personality, at least to some
degree, so that you can change patterns of
thinking that distort your self-image and create
a realistic self-image.
Psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder
A type of therapy called cognitive behavioral
therapy (CBT) has been shown to be the most
effective form of therapy for OCD in both children
and adults. Cognitive behavioral therapy involves
retraining your thought patterns and routines so
that compulsive behaviors are no longer necessary.
Certain psychiatric medications can help control
the obsessions and compulsions of OCD. Most
commonly, antidepressants are tried first.
Antidepressants may be helpful for OCD because
they may help increase levels of serotonin, which
may be lacking when you have OCD.
Treatment requires
commitment from the
parent to follow
through with what is
going on in the child's
Usually improving
parent skills will benefit
the child’s behavior.
Diagnosing the child
with ADHD, depression
or anxiety, treating
those issues will also
improve the child.
Rose is a 27 year old cashier at a convenience
store. Rose believes she should be the full-time
supervisor because she could do a much better
job than the current supervisor. She has not
had a substantial relationship since she was 16
years old and says it is because “The guys I
choose aren’t good enough for me.” Rose takes
advantage of anyone and everyone, including
her parents whom she still lives with but can
barely associate with because she believes she
is better than them.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
From the case study, we assume Rose has a
moderate to high narcissism level.
Cognitive behavioral therapy to recognize her
unhealthy behaviors and turn them into positive
Family therapy to bring the family together so
everyone can explore conflicts and relationship
Group therapy so people with some of the same
issues as Rose can get together and learn how to
better communicate with others.