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Name: _______________
Explorers Unit Test
Multiple Choice Section
Directions: Select the best answer choice.
1. What was “The Age of Exploration”?
a. Early 15th to 17th century when European sailors explored many parts of the world,
especially North America.
b. Early 14th to 16th century when Italian sailors explored many parts of the world
especially North America and India.
c. Early 15th to 17th century when European sailors explored many parts of the world,
especially India.
2. Explorers were in search for:
a. slaves, grain, and gems
b. gold, silver, and spices
c. new lands they could control
Europeans couldn’t travel across land because the ______________ would attack them.
a. European Empire
b. Spanish
c. Germans
d. Ottoman Empire
____________ were the first to explore the western coast of Africa and looked for a route
around Africa to Asia
a. Spanish
b. European
c. Portuguese
d. Mongolian
The cause of exploration:
a. People want products
b. People wanted rare animal skins
c. People wanted to escape their boring lives
d. People wanted to conquer natives
The two main players in early exploration were:
a. Mexico and America
b. Portugal and Spain
c. England and Scotland
d. Africa and Asia
The _________________ is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape
Peninsula, South Africa.
a. Old Salem
b. Cape of Good Hope
c. Shelter Island
d. Cape of good Faith
Name: _______________
Explorers Unit Test
Matching Section
Directions: Match the definition with the best answer choice. Put the letter of the
best answer choice in the blank. You will only use each word once.
______ A person undertaking a mission and especially a religious mission
______ A word of Spanish origin similar to navy or fleet
______ A time when all civilizations can be in contact with others around the world.
______ To go around a place, such as an island, a continent, or the earth, is to travel
all the way around it by boat.
______ A person who travels in search of geographical or scientific information
______ A device for determining directions by means of a magnetic needle or group
of needles turning freely on a pivot and pointing to the magnetic north.
______ A compact instrument used to observe and calculate the position of celestial
______ The goods or merchandise conveyed in a ship, airplane, or vehicles
______ One of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru who took part in the
conquest of large parts of the Americas and Asia, bringing them under Spanish
colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries.
Word Bank for Matching Section
a. cargo b. armada
c. explorer d. missionaries
g. astrolabe
h. circumnavigate
e. global age
i. conquistador
Name that Famous Person Section
Directions: match the person with their description; put the letter of the best answer choice
in the blank. You will only use each person once.
1. _____ Italian man; looked west for route to Asia; was given money by King Ferdinand
and Queen Isabella from Spain; discovered land in 1492, but it wasn’t Asia.
2. ______ Sailed an expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the
Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea")
3. ______ Son of Portuguese King; dazzled by dreams of ocean exploration and East Asia;
established a navigation school
4. ______ First to land on the mainland of North America; looking for “fountain of youth;”
sailed for Spain; established St. Augustine, Florida
Name: _______________
Explorers Unit Test
5. ______ First to sail around Africa to India (27,000 miles); obtained valuable goods from
6. ______ Looking for fabled seven cities of gold; explored present-day Arizona and New
7. ______ Explored Mexico; Conquered Aztec civilization; Spanish Conquistador;
Conquered Aztec emperor Montezuma; found gold Claimed Mexico for Spain (15191521)“Discovered” Tenochtitlan
8. ______ Spanish Explorer; claimed Pacific Ocean and adjoining lands for Spain; first to
cross the Isthmus of Panama
9. ______Conquered the Incan Empire; sailed for Spain
10. ______ America was named after him; recruited by Spain
Word Bank for Name that Person Section
a. Christopher Columbus
d. Ferdinand Magellan
h. Ponce De Leon
b. Hernando Cortes c. Amerigo Vespucci
e. Prince Henry
f. Balboa
g. Vasco De Gama
i. Pizarro
j. Coronado
Map Section
Directions: Locate Europe on this map of the world; circle it, and label it