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Transcript
“CAN MACHINES THINK?”
What is the Turing Test?
-
Hypothetical test called the imitation game to
determine if a machine has artificial
intelligence.
-
Turing predicted that by 2000 it would be
possible to fool an average interrogator with
the probability of at least 30%
Alan Turing, 1950
ARGUMENTS FOR THE TURING TEST
Duck Criterion
- “When I see a bird that walks like a duck and swims like a duck and quacks like
a duck, I call that bird a duck.”
-James Riley, Poet
2 Spooky 4 Me Theory
- “…an intelligent machine might fail the Turing test because it may believe it is in
its best interest not to show how intelligent it is.”
-Virginia Savova and Leonid Peshkin, Harvard
ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE TURING TEST
The Turing Test has already been passed
- Eugene Goostman
Multiple Intelligence Tests are Needed
- There are multiple types of intelligence
- Non-human intelligence
Thinking is a human activity
- It does not make sense to attribute it to
machines, even if they act intelligently.
- Better Question: “Can Machines act
intelligently?”
Interrogators Fail the Test
- Have mistaken humans for computers in past
nnntests
IF NOT THE TURING’S TEST,
THEN WHAT?