* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download Basic Research What is Cognitive Modeling?
Document related concepts
Basic Research Our diverse basic research is funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Here the focus is on fundamental scientific discovery and the development of novel research instruments and methods, with specific research efforts informed by existing knowledge and technology gaps, enduring challenges, and long-term Air Force strategic priorities and requirements. What is Cognitive Modeling? Cognitive modeling is the use of empirical and analytical techniques as well as mathematical and computational systems to advance our understanding of the human mind (in the case of basic research) and the development of innovative cognitive technologies (in the case of applied research). Emphasis is usually on information processing associated with perceiving, learning, forgetting, reasoning, decision making, and problem solving. A small sampling of our basic cognitive modeling portfolio includes: auditory and visual perception, fatigue and vigilance, cognitive response to environmental toxins, strategic adaptation to uncertain, nonstationary decision environments, language comprehension, and new methods and frameworks for model development, evaluation, and selection. Application & Transition Cognitive models, with their emphasis on rigorous development methodology and mathematical and computational implementation, lend themselves naturally to applications of maturing technologies that transition to the warfighter or transfer to external industry and academic partners. Examples from our applied cognitive modeling portfolio include: computational partners that serve as teammates or aids design advisors that improve the humanmachine interface cognitive enhancements to autonomous system capabilities intelligent tutors that prescribe adaptations for improved education and training. The relevance of cognitive modeling to our future technologies is apparent in the Air Force’s Technol- ogy Horizons (2010) and Global Horizons (2013) reports, and we are hard at work on the science and technology base that will create those futures. Distribution A: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited (PA #: 88ABW-2013-2478). Opportunities AFRL's cognitive modelers are interested in new opportunities to apply their scientific research and technology development skills. If you are interested in a collaborative or on-site employment opportunity in cognitive modeling, at levels ranging from summer intern, to research assistant, to post-doc, to visiting scientist or principal investigator, please send an email to: [email protected] [email protected] Human Effectiveness Directorate We are a diverse group of scientists and engineers conducting research and development specific to the human element of warfighting capability. We lead the U.S. Air Force in its human-centered research, and we integrate biological and cognitive technologies to optimize and protect our warfighters’ capabilties to Fly, Fight, and Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace. The directorate is composed of 4 divisions: Warfighter Readiness, Warfighter Interface, Bioeffects, and HumanCentered Information Surveillance and Reconaissance. Warfighter Readiness We face the challenge that the U.S. Air Force’s train- ing and readiness requirements are outpacing the capacity and existing opportunities to train. The mission of the Warfighter Readiness Research division is to study, develop, and transition human performance methods and technologies that provide the Warfighter the necessary knowledge and skill to dominate their operating environment. We envision training that is personalized, adaptive, learnercentric, informed by cognitive and neural sciences, and enabled by competency-based performance measurement and robust cognitive agents. To achieve this future, a combination of basic and applied cognitive modeling research is underway. Examples include natural language understanding, strategic adaptation to dynamic task and decision environments, fatigue effects on task performance, enabling rapid model development for high-fidelity, large scale task environments, optimization of training schedules, and integration of multiple learning mechanisms in cognitive agents. Warfighter Interface The Warfighter Interface division discovers, develops, and transitions innovative human-machine interface solutions together with human performance augmentation, modeling, and advanced humanautonomy interaction to ensure effective warfighter decisions and enhance mission effectiveness. Across the division, research is conducted on basic mechanisms of visual, auditory and haptic perception, multimodal communication, computational cognitive neuroscience, and human-machine interaction and visualization. Researchers are integrating computational and mathematical physiological and cognitive models to support adaptive automation architectures for human-machine systems to aid and augment human operators. This work utilizes novel tools for assessing cognitive states of operators in conjunction with cutting edge technology for augmenting user interactions with machine systems. Additional efforts are focused on developing integrative models of the cognitive and physiological effects of vigilance, stress, and teamwork, accounting for the variable influence of environment on human operators of complex systems. MindModeling@Home Developed by researchers at AFRL, MindModeling is a capability open to the cognitive science community that enables the rapid turn-around of modeling results over very large parameter spaces. Rapid turnaround, often > 500x speedup, is enabled through High Performance Computing centers and volunteer computing resources. Visit the url below to get started. http://MindModeling.org Bioeffects Bioeffects is principally interested in applying cognitive modeling to predict enhancements and detriments to cognitive performance that may result from environmental stressors such as nanoparticles, toxins, radio frequency and optical radiation, and other forms of directed energy. This division seeks to protect warfighters from environmental stressors and help them exploit the bioeffects of those same stressors. In particular, this division discovers and applies knowledge about the bioeffects of these stressors to enable warfighters to perform effectively, efficiently, and safely on the modern battlefield and to prevent mission degradation due to toxic exposure. Current efforts are focused on empirical research to support future development of models to predict robust behavioral performance given different environmental stressors. Human-Centered ISR The Human-Centered Intelligence, Surveillance, & Reconnaissance (ISR) division conducts research to discover, develop, and transition human-centric solutions to processing, exploiting, and disseminating intelligence. Cognitive and behavioral modeling is being developed to improve performance of intelligence analysts and human-machine systems for information discovery and exploitation. Cognitive modeling is critical for describing, prescribing, and predicting analyst performance and assessing improvements in performance enabled by novel machine solutions.