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Transcript
What is Artificial Intelligence?
• The development of computer systems to
be able to perform tasks normally requiring
human intelligence, such as visual
perception, speech recognition, decisionmaking.
• Ability of a machine to simulate human
intelligence
The AI field is interdisciplinary, in which a
number of sciences and professions converge,
including COMPUTERSCIENCE, MATHEMATICS,
PSYCHOLOGY, LINGUISTICS, PHILOSOPHY an
d NEUROSCIENCE, as well as other specialized
fields such as ARTIFICIAL PSYCHOLOGY.
Programming Without AI
• A computer program
without AI can answer
the specific questions it is
meant to solve.
Programming With AI
• A computer program with AI
can answer
the generic questions it is
meant to solve.
• Modification in the program • AI programs can absorb new
leads to change in its
modifications by putting highly
structure.
independent pieces of
information together. Hence
you can modify even a minute
piece of information of program
without affecting its structure.
• Modification is not quick
and easy. It may lead to
affecting the program
adversely.
• Quick and Easy program
modification.
Hospitals and medicine: A medical clinic can use artificial intelligence systems to
organize bed schedules, make a staff rotation, and provide
medical information
 Computer-aided interpretation of medical images. Such
systems help scan digital images, e.g. from computed
tomography, for typical appearances and to highlight
conspicuous sections, such as possible diseases. A typical
application is the detection of a tumor.
 Heart sound analysis.
Gaming − AI plays crucial role in strategic
games such as chess, poker, tic-tac-toe,
etc., where machine can think of large
number of possible positions based on
heuristic knowledge.
Natural Language Processing and
speech recognition −
•• Some
It is possible
intelligent
to systems
interact are
withcapable
the
of hearing and
computer
comprehending
that understands
the languagenatural
in terms of sentences
and
language
their spoken
meanings
by while
humans.
a human talks to it. It can
handle different accents, slang words, noise in the
background, change in human’s noise due to cold, etc.
• Intelligent Robots − Robots are
• Handwriting
Recognition
The handwriting
able to perform
the −tasks
given by
recognition
reads
the to
text
a human.software
They have
sensors
written
on paper
by adata
pen or
on screen
by a
detect
physical
from
the real
stylus.
It cansuch
recognize
shapesheat,
of the
world
as the
light,
letters
and convert itmovement,
into editablesound,
text.
temperature,
bump, and pressure.
They have efficient processors,
multiple sensors and huge memory, to
exhibit intelligence. In addition, they
are capable of learning from their
mistakes and they can adapt to the
new environment.