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What is Artificial Intelligence? • The development of computer systems to be able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decisionmaking. • Ability of a machine to simulate human intelligence The AI field is interdisciplinary, in which a number of sciences and professions converge, including COMPUTERSCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, PSYCHOLOGY, LINGUISTICS, PHILOSOPHY an d NEUROSCIENCE, as well as other specialized fields such as ARTIFICIAL PSYCHOLOGY. Programming Without AI • A computer program without AI can answer the specific questions it is meant to solve. Programming With AI • A computer program with AI can answer the generic questions it is meant to solve. • Modification in the program • AI programs can absorb new leads to change in its modifications by putting highly structure. independent pieces of information together. Hence you can modify even a minute piece of information of program without affecting its structure. • Modification is not quick and easy. It may lead to affecting the program adversely. • Quick and Easy program modification. Hospitals and medicine: A medical clinic can use artificial intelligence systems to organize bed schedules, make a staff rotation, and provide medical information Computer-aided interpretation of medical images. Such systems help scan digital images, e.g. from computed tomography, for typical appearances and to highlight conspicuous sections, such as possible diseases. A typical application is the detection of a tumor. Heart sound analysis. Gaming − AI plays crucial role in strategic games such as chess, poker, tic-tac-toe, etc., where machine can think of large number of possible positions based on heuristic knowledge. Natural Language Processing and speech recognition − •• Some It is possible intelligent to systems interact are withcapable the of hearing and computer comprehending that understands the languagenatural in terms of sentences and language their spoken meanings by while humans. a human talks to it. It can handle different accents, slang words, noise in the background, change in human’s noise due to cold, etc. • Intelligent Robots − Robots are • Handwriting Recognition The handwriting able to perform the −tasks given by recognition reads the to text a human.software They have sensors written on paper by adata pen or on screen by a detect physical from the real stylus. It cansuch recognize shapesheat, of the world as the light, letters and convert itmovement, into editablesound, text. temperature, bump, and pressure. They have efficient processors, multiple sensors and huge memory, to exhibit intelligence. In addition, they are capable of learning from their mistakes and they can adapt to the new environment.