Download DYNAMIC MARKS pp​ = pianissimo, very soft p​ = piano, soft mp

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Transcript
STUDY SHEET FOR MT EXAM 3.1 DYNAMIC MARKS pp​
= pianissimo, very soft p​
= piano, soft mp​
= mezzo piano, moderately soft mf​
= mezzo forte, moderately loud f​
= forte, loud ff​
= fortissimo, very loud or cresc. = crescendo, start soft and then gradually get louder or dim./decresc. = diminuendo/decrescendo, gradually get softer TEMPO MARKS Largo = very slow Andante = slow Moderato = moderate Allegro = fast
A tempo = return to the original tempo Presto = very fast
Accelerando (accel.) = gradually get faster Ritardando (rit.) or Rallentando (rall.) = gradually get slower/slow down TIME SIGNATURES Definition = a time signature tells the performer how many beats occur per measure and what note gets that beat The Top Number of a Time Signature tells how many beats occur per measure The Bottom Number of a Time Signature tells what note gets one beat = cut time, two beats per measure and the half note gets the beat = common time, 4 beats per measure and the quarter note gets the beat = 3 beats per measure and the quarter note gets the beat = 4 beats per measure and the quarter note gets the beat = 6 beats per measure and the eighth note gets the beat KEY SIGNATURES Definition = Indicates the sharps or flats in any key. Appears at the beginning of each staff. ● Accidentals = sharps, flats, and naturals that are not in the key signature ● Enharmonic notes = sound same and use same fingering, but are written differently ORDER OF FLATS
ORDER OF SHARPS BEADGCF
FCGDAEB INTONATION
Remember the acronym SOFI = Sharp Out; Flat In If Sharp = Pull Out If Flat = Push In Temperature affects intonation. If it’s cold, my instrument will go flat If it’s hot, my instrument will go sharp. MUSICAL SYMBOLS = Fermata; hold the note longer than its normal value = Accent, play the note with more emphasis = Staccato, play the note short, light, and detached = Breath Mark = Repeat the previous measure = Flat
= Sharp
= Natural STYLE MARKINGS Animato = with spirit and animated Cantible = singing style Divisi = a large group is divided into two smaller groups/divided parts Dolce = Sweetly Espressivo = expressively Grand Pause (G.P. or //) = a break or extended rest in the music Legato = smoothly, connected Maestoso = majestically Marcato = marked and accented Meno = less
Soli = entire section plays Molto = much
Solo = one player plays Mosso = motion
Sostenuto = sustained Poco = little
Subito = suddenly Rubato = freely
Tacet = do not play Simile = play in a similar manner or style
Tutti = all together Coda (
) = an ending or concluding section
D.C.(Da Capo) = return to the beginning FINE = end, finish D.S.(Dal Segno) = return to the sign