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Transcript
New Imperialism
Discussion and Argumentative Writing
Standards Alignment
Activity Instructions
Discussion Question List
Table Discussion Cards
Discussion and Argumentative Writing Guide
Concluding Statement
Standards Alignment
California State Standards for Grade 10
•
10.4 Students analyze patterns of global change in the era of New Imperialism in at least two of the
following regions or countries: Africa, Southeast Asia, China, India, Latin America, and the Philippines.
– 1. Describe the rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism and colonialism (e.g.,
the role played by national security and strategic advantage; moral issues raised by the search
for national hegemony, Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse; material issues such as
land, resources, and technology).
– 2. Discuss the locations of the colonial rule of such nations as England, France, Germany, Italy,
Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Portugal, and the United States.
– 3. Explain imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized and the varied
immediate and long-term responses by the people under colonial rule.
– 4. Describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world, including the
roles of leaders, such as Sun Yat-sen in China, and the roles of ideology and religion.
Common Core Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Science for Grades 9 & 10 Students:
•
RH 2 - Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an
accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.
•
RH 3 - Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused
later ones or simply preceded them.
•
RH 4 - Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary
describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social studies.
•
RH 9 - Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.
Common Core Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Science for Grades 9 & 10 Students:
•
WHST 1 - Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
– a. Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and
create an organization that establishes clear relationships among the claim(s), counterclaims,
reasons, and evidence.
– b. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying data and evidence for each while
pointing out the strengths and limitations of both claim(s) and counterclaims in a disciplineappropriate form and in a manner that anticipates the audience’s knowledge level and
concerns.
– c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and
clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and
between claim(s) and counterclaims.
– d. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and
conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.
– e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument
presented.
– f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or
explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).
•
WHST 4 - Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are
appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
•
WHST 7 - Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a
self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate;
synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under
investigation.
•
WHST 8 - Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using
advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research
question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding
plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
•
WHST 9 - Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
Discussion and Argumentative Writing Activity Instructions
Set Up & Activity
There are 8 tables around the room and each table will have a table host as
determined by the group or the instructor. It is suggested that each group have
around four students for effective discussion. If there are more students,
duplicate the questions and have two sets of tables, reducing the group size.
There is an essential question at each table to discuss with the group. The
students are to discuss the essential question as a group and record on a larger
paper as well as their own response sheet. Students will rotate to each table and
have a timed discussion session. It is suggested that you give time for discuss
then time to write their reflection. During the discussion, the table leader or
another student will record on the larger sheet discussion outcomes and may
include drawings, notes, etc.
Objective
Have meaningful conversations about imperialism and practice
argumentative writing.
Rules for Students
• Everyone must participate in the table discussions.
• Stay on task.
• Respect each other’s opinion.
• Write on the larger paper during discussions.
• Write your reflection after each session.
Table Discussion Cards
•
Table #1: 4 Motives of Imperialism: The four motives of imperialism were economic
interests, national pride, religion, and racial superiority. Of the four motives of imperialism,
which one do you think motivated European and American imperialism the most? Explain
your answer.
•
Table #2: India: Some of the negative effects of British Imperialism in India were that
the British held much of the political and economic power and had racist attitudes towards
Indians. Some of the positive effects were that the British modernized India with railroads
and improved health care and education. Overall, do you think the positive effects of
British imperialism in India outweighed the negative effects?
•
Table #3: Africa: Many African countries today suffer from civil war and extreme
poverty. Historians agree that much of this is a result of European imperialism in the late
1800s and 1900s. What aspect of European imperialism do you think most contributed to
the problems many African countries face today? Explain.
•
Table #4: Hawaii: History shows that American businessmen encouraged the United
States government to take over Hawaii in order to protect their lucrative sugar plantations
on the islands. In your opinion, do you think the U.S.’s annexation of Hawaii in 1898 was
justified?
•
Table #5: Philippines: After the Spanish-American War, the Philippines, led by Emilio
Aguinaldo, fought for their independence from the United States for nearly three years. Do
you think the Filipino rebellion against the United States was justified? Why or why not?
•
Table #6: Cuba: Some negative effects of American imperialism in Cuba were that the
U.S. refused to give Cuba their independence after the Treaty of Paris in order to maintain
control of their lucrative sugar and tobacco plantations. Some positive effects of American
imperialism in Cuba was that the U.S. eliminated yellow fever, a disease that killed hundreds
of Cubans each year, and created public schools. Overall, do you think the positive effects
of American imperialism in Cuba outweighed the negative effects?
•
Table #7: Panama Canal: In order to acquire the land to build the Panama Canal, Teddy
Roosevelt and the U.S. military funded and supported the Panamanian independence
movement against Columbia. In return, the new Panamanian government was required to
give the land for the canal to the U.S. Do you think this was a sneaky and devious way of
acquiring the land, or do you think it was a very smart and legitimate strategy? Explain
your opinion.
•
Table #8: China: By 1899 China was divided into European and American spheres of
influence. Chinese resentment of foreign control resulted in the Boxer Rebellion, which was
led by poor Chinese peasants and workers. Do you think the Boxer Rebellion was a good
attempt to resist imperialism, or do you think the Chinese could have come-up with a
better way to rid China of foreign control?
Table #1: 4 Motives of Imperialism:
The four motives of imperialism
were economic interests, national
pride, religion, and racial
superiority.
Of the four motives of
imperialism, which one do you
think motivated European and
American imperialism the most?
Explain your answer.
Table #3: Africa: Many African
countries today suffer from civil
war and extreme poverty.
Historians agree that much of this
is a result of European imperialism
in the late 1800s and 1900s.
What aspect of European
imperialism do you think most
contributed to the problems many
African countries face today?
Explain.
Table #2: India: Some of the
negative effects of British
Imperialism in India were that the
British held much of the political
and economic power and had racist
attitudes towards Indians. Some of
the positive effects were that the
British modernized India with
railroads and improved health care
and education.
Overall, do you think the positive
effects of British imperialism in
India outweighed the negative
effects?
Table #4: Hawaii: History shows
that American businessmen
encouraged the United States
government to take over Hawaii in
order to protect their lucrative
sugar plantations on the islands.
In your opinion, do you think the
U.S.’s annexation of Hawaii in
1898 was justified?
Table #5: Philippines: After the
Spanish-American War, the
Philippines, led by Emilio
Aguinaldo, fought for their
independence from the United
States for nearly three years.
Do you think the Filipino rebellion
against the United States was
justified? Why or why not?
Table #6: Cuba: Some negative
effects of American imperialism in
Cuba were that the U.S. refused to
give Cuba their independence after
the Treaty of Paris in order to
maintain control of their lucrative
sugar and tobacco plantations.
Some positive effects of American
imperialism in Cuba was that the
U.S. eliminated yellow fever, a
disease that killed hundreds of
Cubans each year, and created
public schools.
Overall, do you think the positive
effects of American imperialism in
Cuba outweighed the negative
effects?
Table #7: Panama Canal: In order
to acquire the land to build the
Panama Canal, Teddy Roosevelt
and the U.S. military funded and
supported the Panamanian
independence movement against
Columbia. In return, the new
Panamanian government was
required to give the land for the
canal to the U.S.
Do you think this was a sneaky
and devious way of acquiring the
land, or do you think it was a very
smart and legitimate strategy?
Explain your opinion.
Table #8: China: By 1899 China was
divided into European and
American spheres of influence.
Chinese resentment of foreign
control resulted in the Boxer
Rebellion, which was led by poor
Chinese peasants and workers.
Do you think the Boxer Rebellion
was a good attempt to resist
imperialism, or do you think the
Chinese could have come-up with
a better way to rid China of
foreign control?
New Imperialism Discussion and Argumentative Writing
Directions: Visit each table and complete the reflection section after discussing the questions for debate.
Question for Debate:
Table #1: 4 Motives of Imperialism
The four motives of imperialism were
economic interests, national pride, religion, and
racial superiority. Of the four motives of
imperialism, which one do you think
motivated European and American
imperialism the most? Explain your answer.
Reflection:
The motive of imperialism that I think motivated European and
American imperialism the most was __________________________
because _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), _________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #2: India
Some of the negative effects of British
Imperialism in India were that the British held
much of the political and economic power and
had racist attitudes towards Indians. Some of
the positive effects were that the British
modernized India with railroads and improved
health care and education. Overall, do you
think the positive effects of British
imperialism in India outweighed the
negative effects?
In my (opinion, view, estimation), I do/do not think the positive effects
of British imperialism in India outweighed the negative effects
because ________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), _________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #3: Africa
Many African countries today suffer from
civil war and extreme poverty. Historians agree
that much of this is a result of European
imperialism in the late 1800s and 1900s. What
aspect of European imperialism do you
think most contributed to the problems
many African countries face today?
Explain.
In my (opinion, view, estimation), the aspect of European imperialism
that most contributed to the problems many African countries face
today is ________________________________________________.
This resulted in __________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), ________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #4: Hawaii
History shows that American
businessmen encouraged the United States
government to take over Hawaii in order to
protect their lucrative sugar plantations on the
islands. In your opinion, do you think the
U.S.’s annexation of Hawaii in 1898 was
justified?
In my (estimation, view, opinion), the U.S.’s annexation of Hawaii in
1898 was/was not justified because __________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), _________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
*Justified – To be right, just, or valid.
Question for Debate:
Table #5: Philippines
After the Spanish-American War, the
Philippines, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, fought for
their independence from the United States for
nearly three years. Do you think the Filipino
rebellion against the United States was
justified? Why or why not?
*Justified – To be right, just, or valid.
Reflection:
In my (estimation, view, opinion), the Filipino rebellion against the
United States was/was not justified because __________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), _________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #6: Cuba
Some negative effects of American
imperialism in Cuba were that the U.S. refused
to give Cuba their independence after the
Treaty of Paris in order to maintain control of
their lucrative sugar and tobacco plantations.
Some positive effects of American imperialism
in Cuba was that the U.S. eliminated yellow
fever, a disease that killed hundreds of Cubans
each year, and created public schools.
Overall, do you think the positive effects of
American imperialism in Cuba outweighed
the negative effects?
In my (estimation, view, opinion), I do/do not think the positive effects
of U.S. imperialism in Cuba outweighed the negative effects because
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), _________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #7: Panama Canal
In order to acquire the land to build the
Panama Canal, Teddy Roosevelt and the U.S.
military funded and supported the Panamanian
independence movement against Columbia. In
return, the new Panamanian government was
required to give the land for the canal to the
U.S. Do you think this was a sneaky and
devious way of acquiring the land, or do you
think it was a very smart and legitimate
strategy? Explain your opinion.
In my (view, opinion, estimation), I think supporting the Panamanian
independence movement was a sneaky and devious/ smart and
legitimate U.S. strategy because ___________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(Furthermore, Moreover, In addition), ________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Table #8: China
By 1899 China was divided into
European and American spheres of influence.
Chinese resentment of foreign control resulted
in the Boxer Rebellion, which was led by poor
Chinese peasants and workers. Do you think
the Boxer Rebellion was a good attempt to
resist imperialism, or do you think the
Chinese could have come-up with a better
way to rid China of foreign control?
In my (view, opinion, estimation), ____________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
(For example, For instance) ________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________.
Concluding Statement
Write ONE comment or idea that you thought was particularly insightful during the discussion activity.
One comment that I found particularly (thought provoking, interesting, fascinating) was
when (person’s name) ______________________ said _____________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________.
I found this (comment, statement, observation) particularly insightful because ___________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________.
Concluding Statement
Write ONE comment or idea that you thought was particularly insightful during the discussion activity.
One comment that I found particularly (thought provoking, interesting, fascinating) was
when (person’s name) ______________________ said _____________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________.
I found this (comment, statement, observation) particularly insightful because ___________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________.