Download Inside Earth Unit Study Guide

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Inside Earth Unit Study Guide
Note: This is not a “cover all” study guide. There may be some questions on the test that we covered in class, but I
do not ask you here. This is just to help you get an idea of what you need to know for the test.
Answer these questions on a separate piece of paper.
1. Who was Alfred Wegener and what theory was he famous for?
2. What were the 6 evidences Wegener had for his Continental Drift Hypothesis?
3. Why was Alfred Wegener’s hypothesis rejected?
4. What is the Theory of Plate Tectonics?
5. Compare and contrast the Continental Drift Theory and the Theory of Plate Tectonics.
6. What were the evidences that led to the Theory of Plate Tectonics?
7. What proof do scientists have of sea-floor spreading?
8. Where do most earthquakes and volcanoes form?
9. What is the driving force of plate movement?
10. What is Pangaea?
11. What are the three types of plate boundaries?
12. List all of the sub-types of plate boundaries and some features of each.
13. Give an example of where each plate boundary occurs.
14. What is paleomagnetism and what does it have to do with Plate Tectonics?
15. What is a hotspot? Where do they form?
16. Compare and contrast oceanic crust and continental crust.
17. What are the four types of volcanoes? Give a brief description of each.
18. How was our Earth created?
19. Where does all the heat inside the Earth come from?
20. Why does the Earth maintain it’s internal temperature?
21. List and describe in detail the compositional layers of the Earth.
22. Describe the two convection currents that occur inside the Earth and what Earth
processes they drive.
23. List and describe, in detail, the physical property layers of the Earth.
24. How did scientists learn what the Earth is made of?
25. What is the difference between P and S waves?
26. How did P and S waves help us discover what is inside our Earth?
27. How does the pressure change as you go farther into the Earth?