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# Download Study Guide for Potential and Kinetic Energy

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Study Guide for Potential and Kinetic Energy Georgia Performance Standards covered in this strand. S8P2. Students will be familiar with the forms and transformations of energy. a. Explain energy transformation in terms of the Law of Conservation of Energy. b. Explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy. c. Compare and contrast the different forms of energy (heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound) and their characteristics. Chapter 9 - Section 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Be able to explain the relationship between energy and work. Be able to describe the difference between kinetic and potential energy. Know the difference types of potential energy. Know and be able to use the formula for kinetic energy Know and be able to use the formula for potential energy. Know the units on energy calculations. i.e.. Newtons, meters and joules Be able to explain mechanical energy Be able to describe the following forms of energy: thermal, chemical, electrical, sound, light, nuclear. Chapter 9 – Section 2 1. 2. 3. 4. Be able to define energy conversion. Be able to identify or describe several examples of energy conversions. Be able to explain why energy conversions are essential in every day life. Be able to explain the role of machines in some energy conversions. Chapter 9 – Section 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Be able to define friction Be able to explain the role friction plays in energy conversions. Be able to explain how energy is conserved in a closed system Be able to explain the law of conservation of energy Be able to explain why thermal energy is part of every energy conversion. Be able to explain why perpetual motion is not possible Be able to define energy efficiency. Know the relationship between energy efficiency and the amount of energy waste. Chapter 9 – Section 4 1. Be able to define energy resources. 2. Be able to explain what nonrenewable energy resources are and the different forms of nonrenewable energy resources. 3. Be able to explain what renewable energy resources are and the different forms of renewable energy resources. 4. Be able to determine when best to use a nonrenewable- versus a renewable energy resource. Terms- Study the terms given to use at the start of this unit.