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Manifest Destiny Illustrated Vocabulary Directions: Research each vocabulary term below and type your own definition in the 2nd column. Then look for an image that best symbolizes it and insert it in the 3rd column. The Battle of the Alamo Directions: The Battle of the Alamo in 1836 was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution and American History. First find a picture of the Alamo and paste it below. Then complete the boxes by researching who the Alamo’s defenders were and why they were inside the fort, who the attackers were and why they were attacking the Alamo, and what happened and its impact. The Alamo’s Attackers General Antonio López de Santa Anna led a force of almost 2,000 Mexican soldiers who were sent to put down the Texian rebellion and enforce Mexican laws in Texas, where many Americans had come to settle.. The Alamo’s Defenders Nearly 200 Texians and Tejanos led by William B. Travis, the commander of the Alamo, volunteers, renowned knife fighter Jim Bowie, and David Crockett, a famed frontiersman and former congressman from Tennessee. Results of the Battle The Mexican army killed all of the Texian defenders. The event and cruelty of Santa Anna led many settlers and Americans to join the Texian Army and they defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolution. Piecing Together America Directions:The continental United States came together in chunks throughout the 1800’s. Form a map of the complete continental United States by spinning, dragging, and dropping each region. Then in add a textbox next to each one, label 1) what this region is; 2) when it became part of the United States; and 3) how it became part of the United States Oregon Territory An 1846 Treaty with Great Britain divided the territory at the boundary with Canada. Louisiana Purchase Original US President Jefferson approved the purchase in 1803 from France for about $15 million. Declared independence from Great Britain in 1776 and formally gained independence in 1783. Mexican Cession Americans living in California rebelled against the Mexican government. They briefly created the Bear Republic before being annexed by the US in 1846. Texas Annexed to the US after Texas declared its independence from Mexico in 1845. The territory was finalized after the Mexican American War in 1848 Florida The 1819 Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain gave the US Florida and set the boundary of Mexico. The Oregon Trail Directions: One of the most popular routes to the west in the mid-1800’s was the 2,000 mile Oregon Trail. Research about the trail then use the “Scribble” tool to draw in the route of the Oregon Trail. Finally, complete the boxes below with what you learned about the trail’s history. Who? Over 500,000 settlers headed to Oregon Territory and California for a new life in the West. What? The 2,170 mile route from Missouri to Oregon that enabled the migrating of the early pioneers to the western United States. When? From about 1843 when 1,000 settlers took the route until the Transcontinental Railroad’s completion in 1869. Where? Through the Great Plains, Wyoming and the Mormon Trail, and finally through mountain passes through the Rockies to the Pacific Northwest.. Why? Some went to pan for gold after the Gold Rush, others were farmers seeking cheap land. To go to the west, by sea would take a full year. How? The trip usually took 4-6 months by covered wagons pulled by mule and oxen traveling 15 miles a day. Many walked the whole route. Indian War Timeline Directions: As American settlers moved West, they frequently came into conflict with American Indians. Research about battles, events, and treaties of the American Indian Wars. Drag and drop the events into the correct places on the timeline, then briefly explain the significance of each. Passed by Congress in 1830 and signed by Andrew Jackson authorized the removal of Indians to reservations west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands. Indian Removal Act 1830 Drag & Drop US militia attacked and destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in southeastern Colorado Territory. Agreement between the Sioux and US Government guaranteeing to the Lakota ownership of the Black Hills. 40 years of conflict between US and the Sioux across the midwest from Ft. Laramie to the Ghost Dance War. 1840 1850 Sioux Wars 1860 Sand Creek Massacre Treaty of Fort Laramie Vctory for the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho over General Custer’s 7th Cavalry in Montana. Allowed the President to divide up Indian land into allotments for individuals - meant to stimulate assimilation into society. Last major conflict in South Dakota when soldiers killed 200 Lakota they intended to disarm. 1870 Battle of Little Bighorn 1880 Dawes Act (Allotment Act) Wounded Knee Massacre 1890 The California Gold Rush Directions: The discovery of gold in Northern California in 1848 radically changed America as the subsequent Gold Rush brought thousands to the West Coast. Create an advertisement to bring people to Come to California on the template below. Be sure to include graphics/images and describe the the journey to Book your passage toCalifornia, the cost of the trip, tools day to make your needed, and how riches in the great they will get there. California! region of California! Trains depart New York City on May 7th for St. Louis! From there book your passage to-day on the conestoga wagon train available! Only a 40 day journey through the beautiful Rocky Mountains! Only $98 Bring your pans, shovels, pick axes and clothes for all you need to make your for-tune! Manifest Destiny Directions: Artist John Gast’s 1872 painting “American Progress” has come to symbolize Manifest Destiny and the groups affected most by it. Research more about the painting, then complete the graphic organizers by explaining more about who is pictured and how Manifest Destiny impacted them. Railroads Cowboys Chinese immigrants labored building the railroad heading east from California while many European immigrants built headed east. They created “Hell on Wheels” towns as they went through the midwest, spending the money they earned gambling, drinking, etc. Ranchers, exodusters, and cowboys populated the wide expanses of land and led annual roundups of cattle in the spring and fall and then drives to market. Many cowboys were Civil War veterans and included Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and immigrants. American Indians As more Americans headed West, Native Americans were forced onto reservations which grew smaller and smaller. There were also countless conflicts with white settlers over land. 49ers When gold was discovered in California in 1848, thousands of prospectors nicknames 49’ers headed west in search of riches. Most did not find gold, but populated California. Farmers After the passage of the Homestead Act, thousands of immigrants, displaced farmers, and exodusters headed west for free land. They settled the midwest with large farms and new towns. The Homestead Act Directions: In 1862, President Lincoln officially signed the Homestead Act into law. After researching more about the Act, explain the reasons for its passage, what the Act did, what the opposition to it was, and the effect that it had on the United States. Reasons for the Homestead Act Rising prices for crops led larger plantations to force out small farms Many displaced farmers Many new immigrants to the US looking for land Opposition to the Act Northern Factory Owners feared losing their labor force Southern states worried the West would be opposed to Slavery When Southern states seceded, the law was able to pass the Senate. The US wanted to populate the wide-open lands. What the Homestead Act Did Gave 160 acres of land to anyone who would improve the land provided they: Never take up arms against the US Build a 12x14 dwelling on it Grow crops for 5 years. After 5 years, the homesteader could file for a deed to the land. Effect of the Act The Railway Act helped transportation West Led to “land rushes” for claiming land New towns and eventual states came from the territories Many new immigrants lured westward with the prospect of free land. Speculators grabbed up much of the land.