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Manifest Destiny Illustrated Vocabulary
Directions: Research each vocabulary term below and type your own definition in the 2nd
column. Then look for an image that best symbolizes it and insert it in the 3rd column.
The Battle of the Alamo
Directions: The Battle of the Alamo in 1836 was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution and
American History. First find a picture of the Alamo and paste it below. Then complete the boxes
by researching who the Alamo’s defenders were and why they were inside the fort, who the
attackers were and why they were attacking the Alamo, and what happened and its impact.
The Alamo’s Attackers
General Antonio López de Santa Anna led a force of almost
2,000 Mexican soldiers who were sent to put down the Texian
rebellion and enforce Mexican laws in Texas, where many
Americans had come to settle..
The Alamo’s Defenders
Nearly 200 Texians and Tejanos led by
William B. Travis, the commander of
the Alamo, volunteers, renowned knife
fighter Jim Bowie, and David Crockett,
a famed frontiersman and former
congressman from Tennessee.
Results of the Battle
The Mexican army killed all of the
Texian defenders. The event and
cruelty of Santa Anna led many
settlers and Americans to join the
Texian Army and they defeated the
Mexican Army at the Battle of San
Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending
the revolution.
Piecing Together America
Directions:The continental United States came together in chunks throughout the 1800’s.
Form a map of the complete continental United States by spinning, dragging, and dropping
each region. Then in add a textbox next to each one, label 1) what this region is; 2) when it
became part of the United States; and 3) how it became part of the United States
Oregon Territory
An 1846 Treaty with Great
Britain divided the territory
at the boundary with
Canada.
Louisiana Purchase
Original US
President Jefferson
approved the purchase
in 1803 from France for
about $15 million.
Declared
independence from
Great Britain in 1776
and formally gained
independence in 1783.
Mexican Cession
Americans living in
California rebelled
against the Mexican
government. They
briefly created the
Bear Republic
before being
annexed by the US
in 1846.
Texas
Annexed to the US after
Texas declared its
independence from Mexico
in 1845. The territory was
finalized after the Mexican
American War in 1848
Florida
The 1819 Adams-Onis
Treaty with Spain gave
the US Florida and set
the boundary of
Mexico.
The Oregon Trail
Directions: One of the most popular routes to the west in the mid-1800’s was the 2,000 mile
Oregon Trail. Research about the trail then use the “Scribble” tool to draw in the route of the
Oregon Trail. Finally, complete the boxes below with what you learned about the trail’s history.
Who?
Over 500,000 settlers
headed to Oregon
Territory and California
for a new life in the
West.
What?
The 2,170 mile route
from Missouri to Oregon
that enabled the
migrating of the early
pioneers to the western
United States.
When?
From about 1843 when
1,000 settlers took the
route until the
Transcontinental
Railroad’s completion in
1869.
Where?
Through the Great
Plains, Wyoming and
the Mormon Trail, and
finally through mountain
passes through the
Rockies to the Pacific
Northwest..
Why?
Some went to pan for
gold after the Gold
Rush, others were
farmers seeking cheap
land. To go to the west,
by sea would take a full
year.
How?
The trip usually took 4-6
months by covered
wagons pulled by mule
and oxen traveling 15
miles a day. Many
walked the whole route.
Indian War Timeline
Directions: As American settlers moved West, they frequently came into conflict with
American Indians. Research about battles, events, and treaties of the American Indian
Wars. Drag and drop the events into the correct places on the timeline, then briefly explain the
significance of each.
Passed by Congress in 1830 and
signed by Andrew Jackson authorized the removal of Indians
to reservations west of the
Mississippi River in exchange for
their ancestral homelands.
Indian Removal Act
1830
Drag & Drop
US militia attacked and
destroyed a peaceful village
of Cheyenne and Arapaho in
southeastern Colorado
Territory.
Agreement between the Sioux
and US Government
guaranteeing to the Lakota
ownership of the Black Hills.
40 years of conflict
between US and the
Sioux across the
midwest from Ft. Laramie
to the Ghost Dance War.
1840
1850
Sioux Wars
1860
Sand Creek Massacre
Treaty of Fort Laramie
Vctory for the Lakota,
Northern Cheyenne, and
Arapaho over General
Custer’s 7th Cavalry in
Montana.
Allowed the President to divide up
Indian land into allotments for
individuals - meant to stimulate
assimilation into society.
Last major conflict in South Dakota
when soldiers killed 200 Lakota
they intended to disarm.
1870
Battle of Little Bighorn
1880
Dawes Act (Allotment Act)
Wounded Knee Massacre
1890
The California Gold Rush
Directions: The discovery of gold in Northern California in 1848 radically changed
America as the subsequent Gold Rush brought thousands to the West Coast. Create an
advertisement to
bring people to
Come to
California on the
template below.
Be sure to include
graphics/images
and describe the
the journey to
Book your passage toCalifornia, the cost
of the trip, tools
day to make your
needed, and how
riches in the great
they will get there.
California!
region of California!
Trains depart New
York City on May 7th
for St. Louis!
From there book your
passage to-day on the
conestoga wagon train
available! Only a 40
day journey through
the beautiful Rocky
Mountains!
Only $98
Bring your pans, shovels, pick axes and clothes
for all you need to make your for-tune!
Manifest Destiny
Directions: Artist John Gast’s 1872 painting “American Progress” has come to symbolize
Manifest Destiny and the groups affected most by it. Research more about the painting, then
complete the graphic organizers by explaining more about who is pictured and how Manifest
Destiny impacted them.
Railroads
Cowboys
Chinese immigrants labored
building the railroad heading
east from California while many
European immigrants built
headed east. They created “Hell
on Wheels” towns as they went
through the midwest, spending
the money they earned
gambling, drinking, etc.
Ranchers, exodusters, and
cowboys populated the wide
expanses of land and led annual
roundups of cattle in the spring
and fall and then drives to
market. Many cowboys were
Civil War veterans and included
Blacks, Hispanics, Native
Americans, and immigrants.
American Indians
As more Americans
headed West, Native
Americans were forced
onto reservations which
grew smaller and smaller.
There were also
countless conflicts with
white settlers over land.
49ers
When gold was discovered
in California in 1848,
thousands of prospectors
nicknames 49’ers headed
west in search of riches.
Most did not find gold, but
populated California.
Farmers
After the passage of the
Homestead Act, thousands of
immigrants, displaced farmers,
and exodusters headed west
for free land. They settled the
midwest with large farms and
new towns.
The Homestead Act
Directions: In 1862, President Lincoln officially signed the Homestead Act into law. After
researching more about the Act, explain the reasons for its passage, what the Act did, what
the opposition to it was, and the effect that it had on the United States.
Reasons for the
Homestead Act
Rising prices for crops
led larger plantations to
force out small farms
Many displaced farmers
Many new immigrants
to the US looking for
land
Opposition to the Act
Northern Factory
Owners feared losing
their labor force
Southern states worried
the West would be
opposed to Slavery
When Southern states
seceded, the law was
able to pass the Senate.
The US wanted to
populate the wide-open
lands.
What the Homestead
Act Did
Gave 160 acres of land
to anyone who would
improve the land
provided they:
Never take up arms
against the US
Build a 12x14 dwelling
on it
Grow crops for 5 years.
After 5 years, the
homesteader could file
for a deed to the land.
Effect of the Act
The Railway Act helped
transportation West
Led to “land rushes” for
claiming land
New towns and
eventual states came
from the territories
Many new immigrants
lured westward with the
prospect of free land.
Speculators grabbed up
much of the land.