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Document related concepts
Elements of Music
Rhythm- the combination of long and short
sounds and silences.
Elements of Music
Form- How music is constructed or put together.
Elements of Music
Harmony- Two or more notes played or sung
at the same time.
Elements of Music
Melody- The main theme to a piece of music.
Elements of Music
Dynamics- The loudness or softness in music.
Elements of Music
Timbre/ Tone Color- The specific
sound of an instrument or voice.
Elements of Music
Tempo- The speed of the beat in music.
Purposes of Music
Artistic Expression – Music that is
created or performed to express the individual’s
Purposes of Music
Ceremonial – Music created or performed
for a ceremony.
 Ex.- Weddings, Graduations, etc.
Purposes of Music
Recreational – Music that is created or
performed for fun.
 Ex. – radio, CD’s, etc.
Baroque Time Period
 Important Composer – Bach
 Bach created the Fugue a series of repetitious phrases.
Classical Time Period
 Important composers- Haydn, Mozart composed in a
very similar style.
 Symphony- Four movement work.
 1, Fast exciting work
 2, Slow, Lyrical Movement
 3, Dance like Movement
 4, Allegro (Fast)
Romantic Time Period
 Important Composers- Beethoven
 Overture- musical piece that introduces a ballet or an
Modern Time Period
 Important Composers – Debussy and Ravel
 Debussy – Impressionist composer
 Ravel- experimented with dynamics in his music,
making one piece fit just one dynamic.
 Ex: Crescendo, Mezzo Piano
 Jazz appeared in the Modern time period. Born from
the work songs and spirituals of the slaves.
 Jazz helped to spawn rock and roll, R & B, and Rap.