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Transcript
Cellular Processes – Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Test
Refer to the diagram to answer the next three questions.
1. Choose the terms that complete the diagram at X and Y. (9B)
a. X – oxygen, Y – carbon dioxide
b. X – energy, Y – carbon dioxide
c. X – water, Y – water
d. X – energy, Y – energy
2. What equation describes the process occurring at A? (9B)
a. H2O + CO2  C6H12O6 + O2
b. H2O + CO2  C6H12O6 + H2O
c. H2O + O2  C6H12O6 + CO2
d. O2 + C6H12O6  H2O + CO2
3. What equation describes the process occurring at B? (9B)
a. H2O + CO2  C6H12O6 + H2O
b. H2O + CO2  C6H12O6 + O2
c. O2 + C6H12O6  H2O + CO2
d. H2O + O2  C6H12O6 + CO2
4. In the presence of oxygen, cells can generate as many as 36 to 38 molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
from the metabolism of one molecule of glucose. Which cellular process results in this amount of ATP
production? (4B)
a. Anaerobic cellular respiration
b. Protein synthesis
c. Aerobic cellular respiration
d. Photosynthesis
5. The compound synthesized during photosynthesis is (9B)
a. H2O
b. C6H12O6
c. CO2
d. NH2
6. Which of statement best explains the process of energy conversion that takes place in the mitochondria? (4B)
a. Energy is required for carbon dioxide molecules to form six-carbon sugar molecules
b. Water molecules and radiant energy are necessary for anaerobic respiration to take place
c. Oxygen molecules release energy in the form of heat during combustion reactions
d. The energy in the bonds of glucose molecules is transferred to the phosphate bonds in ATP
7. Which statement best describes the relationship between the products of photosynthesis and the reactants in
cellular respiration? (9B)
a. The products of photosynthesis serve as the reactants in cellular respiration to provide chemical energy
b. The products of photosynthesis combine with the reactants in cellular respiration to remove ATP from
cells
c. The products of photosynthesis inhibit the reactants in cellular respiration in the presence of light
d. The products of photosynthesis change the structure of the reactants in cellular respiration in the
presence of light
8. What do glycolysis, fermentation, and cellular respiration have in common? (9B)
a. All are metabolic pathways by which cells obtain or use energy
b. All require oxygen to break molecular bonds for ATP production
c. Each process occurs in all living organisms
d. All produce relatively equal amounts of ATP
9. What is the purpose of ATP in both cellular respiration and photosynthesis? (4B)
a. To break down glucose to release energy
b. To work as an enzyme
c. To absorb electrons from water
d. To transfer energy from one molecule to another
10. Diatoms are one of the most common types of phytoplankton in marine habitats. Like plants, diatoms contain
chlorophyll and produce glucose from which of the following? (9B)
a. O2 and ATP
b. CO2 and O2
c. ATP and H2O
d. CO2 and H2O
11. Which of the following correctly describes how a diagram of cellular respiration would differ from a diagram of
photosynthesis? (9B)
a. The cellular respiration diagram would show electromagnetic waves as the final product
b. The cellular respiration diagram would show glucose as the main source of energy
c. The cellular respiration diagram would show energy stored in large protein molecules
d. The cellular respiration diagram would show water as the main source of chemical energy
12. Where in the cell does glycolysis occur? (4B)
a. Nucleus
b. Chloroplast
c. Cytoplasm
d. Mitochondria
13. Which of the following would complete the analogy? (4B)
Chloroplast: _________________ as __________________: __________________.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Respiration as mitochondria : photosynthesis
Respiration as cell membrane : photosynthesis
Photosynthesis as cell membrane : respiration
Photosynthesis as mitochondria : respiration
14. A person is asked to run on a treadmill for two hours so data can be gathered on how lactic acid accumulates in
the human body. The results are placed in the table below:
Lactic acid build up while running
Time run in minutes
Lactic acid mg/dl of blood
0
4.6
30
4.9
60
5.6
90
10.8
120
18.2
Using the information in the table, determine how the respiration of the person has changed throughout the
run. (9B)
a. The data shows that the cells started with aerobic respiration, but changed to anaerobic respiration
when the oxygen levels decreased in the body
b. The data shows that the cells started with anaerobic respiration, but changed to aerobic respiration
when the oxygen levels increased in the body
c. The data shows that the cell started with aerobic respiration, but changed to anaerobic respiration when
the oxygen levels increased in the body
d. The data shows that the cells started with anaerobic respiration, but changed to aerobic respiration
when the oxygen level decreased in the body
15. What type of organism will perform cellular respiration? (4B)
a. Only animals
b. Only plants
c. Prokaryotes
d. Plants and animals
16. What is the energy conversion that occurs in the chloroplast? (4B)
a. Energy from the sun gets converted to glucose
b. Glucose gets converted to ATP
c. Energy is released when ATP breaks down to form ADP
d. Glucose gets converted to solar energy
17. When the bonds between phosphate groups in ATP get broken down, energy is (4B)
a. Stored
b. Lost
c. Formed
d. Released
18. Which of the following is a product of photosynthesis? (4B)
a.
c.
b.
d.
19. What is the name of the pigment that captures light energy from the sun?
a. Mitochondria
b. Chloroplast
c. Stroma
d. Chlorophyll
20. What type of respiration will produce the most ATP?
a. Aerobic respiration
b. Fermentation
c. Photosynthesis
d. Glycolysis