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Transcript
Magnetic domains
Electric and magnetic constants
In the equations describing electric and magnetic fields and their propagation, three
constants are normally used:
• the speed of light c
• The electric permittivity of free space ε0
• the magnetic permeability of free space, μ0, taken to have the exact value
Contains the force unit N for Newton and the unit A is the Ampere, the unit of electric
current.
With the magnetic permeability established, the electric permittivity takes the value given
by the relationship
Give a value of free space permittivity
In practice used in the form
Expressions contain the units F for Farad, the unit of capacitance, and C for Coulomb, the
unit of electric charge.
Maxwell’s Equations
James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879)
• One of the most concise ways to state
the fundamentals of electricity and
magnetism.
• From them one can develop most of
the working relationships in the field.
• Form basis of Special Relativity, which
requires that they hold in every frame
of reference.
Maxwell’s equations (integral form)
Maxwell’s equations (differential form)