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Transcript
Renaissance Project
Daniella Vaccarezza, Erick
Frobose, and Keya Patel
Table of Contents
Introduction- Erick
Chapter 1: Italian Renaissance Artists -Keya
Chapter 2: Northern Renaissance Artists -Keya
Chapter 3: Art Techniques -Keya
Chapter 4: Compare and Contrast -Daniella
Chapter 5: Renaissance Authors- Daniella
Table of Contents Part II
Chapter 6: Renaissance Society- Erick
Chapter 7: Technology- Erick
Chapter 8: How is the Renaissance Linked to Modern Day? -Erick
Works Cited- Daniella
Introduction
Accurately named, the renaissance is French for rebirth, or revival. The
renaissance was the time in which Italy, and much of Northern Europe had a
cultural uprising. This took place after the medieval era, where there were
nearly no huge technological breakthroughs. However, during the
renaissance, technology advanced, realism in art became more significant,
and due to the printing press, authors began writing. The renaissance can
be seen as the beginnings of the “modern world”, and its effects can be
seen even today.
Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance
Artists...
Part
I
Giotto:
Giotto was born in 1267, around Florence. When he was young, he had a talent
for painting, and Cimabue, a great Florentine Painter, realized this and took Giotto
in as an apprentice. When he turned twenty, he got married and had many
children. Giotto is recognized as a revolutionary, who took the flat Byzantine-style
into three-dimensional realism. He was responsible for decorating the Scrovegni
Chapel, otherwise known as the Arena chapel. His frescoes included paintings of
the Angel Gabriel, and the Virgin Mary.
Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance
Artists...
Part
II
Giotto’s Artwork:
Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance
Artists...Part III
Raphael- was born on April 6, 1520 he was a great Italian painter. He was born in the Italian city of Urbino
in the marches area of Italy. he began painting a series of "Madonnas." he painted the Stanza della
Segnatura. Pope Julius II hired Raphael as his chief architect. He was important because he was one of
the most important artist to the renaissance.
Donatello- Was born on c. 1386. He was an Italian sculptor. He was the greatest Florentine sculptor
before Michelangelo and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy. around 1407
he traveled to rome to study classical art. He was important because he influenced art to the renaissance.
`
Raphael sistine
madonna art
Donatello
sculptor
Chapter 2- Northern Renaissance
Artists
Jan van Eyck:
most famous flemish painter of the 15th century
employed (1422-1424) at the court of John of Bavaria, count of Holland, and
The Hague.
1425 he became the court painter and “valet de chambre” to Duke Philip the
Good of Burgundy.
“Van Eyck's most famous and most controversial work is one of his first, the
Ghent altarpiece (1432), a polyptych consisting of twenty panels in the
Church of St. Bavo, Ghent.”
Chapter 2...Part II
Jan van Eyck was important to the Renaissance because he had created oil
painting which replaced the egg-tempora method.
He began monochromatic drawing with egg-tempora on a wood-panel and used
oil paints over it to make it look three dimensional and have rich details.
Jan van Eyck played the role of an important artist who helped raise the
popularity of art and made artwork look more detailed and have an effect on
contrasting colors.
Chapter 2...Part III: Jan van Eyck’s
Paintings
Chapter 3- Art Techniques...Part I
Use of Light & Dark:
Many artists started using light and dark colors to their paintings to add:
drama
perspective
timing to their art
Chapter 3- Art Techniques...Part II
Oil Paints:
Slow drying, making it easier to make modifications while it dries.
translucent effects (Put on like glaze)
Adopted in Northern Europe in the first half of the 15th century.
allowed the artists to create better portraits of the human beings, nature, and
architecture.
Chapter 4- Compare & Contrast
Italian
-took place in Italy
-paint on wet plaster
-focused on greek and
rome
similarity
-work written in italian
-work related to
religion
-devoted to the church
-dignity of man
-influenced other
humanists
-both idealists
Northern
-outside of italy
-more religious
-oil painted on
wood
-focused on math
and science
Chapter 5- Renaissance Authors
Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469 in Florence Italy. He was a diplomat for 14 years. He wrote
“the prince” a handbook for politicians. He also wrote several poems and plays. He died on June 21,
1527.He was important because he was the greatest influence on history of any single individual of the
renaissance or florence. The role he played in the Renaissance was he made chancellor of the lower
branch of the Florentine.
Lorenzo Valla was born in 1407 in rome italy. he was an italian humanist,philosopher,and literary critic. He
studied latin and rhetoric. He died on August 1 1457. He was important because he wrote the most
important books. The role he played in the Renaissance was that we was a Renaissance philosopher.
Machiavelli
book the
prince
a book Valla
wrote
Chapter 6 - Renaissance Society
Festivals:
-The renaissance was full of celebration
-The wealthy attempted to outdo each other in public displays
-Both religious and secular celebrations were held
-Everyone, free or poor, were free to come
Entertainment such as jousting, horse racing and bullfighting became popular
Celebrations were held in order to forget about medieval Italy
Chapter 7 - Technology...Part I
Compound Microscope:
Invented by Zacharias Janssen in 1590, the compound microscope is an optical
instrument that magnifies objects, and makes microscopic objects visible. He first
discovered it when he was experimenting with lenses with his father. They put
several lenses in a tube and discovered that objects could be seen much bigger;
bigger than with a magnifying glass. The original design could magnify objects up
to 9x, and today, a common compound microscope can magnify up to 400x.
Because of his discovery, scientists can study microscopic organisms, and
doctors have been able to study cells, to further help medical science.
Chapter 7 - Technology...Part II
Flush Toilet:
The first flush toilet was invented in 1596. Sir John Harrington made the first one
for himself and his godmother. However, because he was teased, he never made
another one, though he continued to use the one he did make. It wasn’t until 200
years later that it was reinvented, and started to be commonly used. The flush
toilet is a toilet which is cleaned of waste by the flow of water. This allows for
cleaner bathrooms, more sanitation, and ultimately causes less disease to be
spread.
Chapter 7 - Technology...Part III
Printing Press:
The printing press is a machine that used ink and brass letters on paper in order
to form words, sentences and paragraphs. Invented in 1436 by Johannes
Gutenberg, the printing press was able to mass produce literature. Originally, it
was used mainly for printing bibles, but it soon expanded to almanacs, poetry,
romances, and eventually, a new form of printing music was invented.
Chapter 8-How is the Renaissance linked to
Modern Day?
During the renaissance, new forms of art and technology were invented. These
new ideas, though they are from hundreds of years ago, shaped the world we
live in today, and can still be seen. For example, when the printing press was
invented, anyone was able to create books. Before this, nearly nobody read
anything; even the bible was only read by priests. It is because of this that we
are able to study writings by people such as Machiavelli. His book, “the prince”,
which was meant as a guide for politicians, is read today by many American
politicians.
Works Cited… Part I
"Inventions of the Renaissance." Inventions of the Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2015.
Justindemetri. "Life in Italy During the Renaissance." Life in Italy During the Renaissance. N.p., 3 Feb. 2015. Web. 22 Oct.
2015.
Finnan, Vincent. "Giotto." Italian Renaissance Art.com. N.p., 2008. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Malyon, John. "The Northern Renaissance." The Northern Renaissance. Specifica, Inc, 2007. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
"Painting Techniques of the Renaissance – ItalianRenaissance.org."ItalianRenaissanceorg. N.p., 18 July 2012. Web. 26
Oct. 2015.
Pioch, Nicolas. "Eyck, Jan Van." WebMuseum:. N.p., 19 Sept. 2002. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Works Cited...Part II
Burke, Ulick Peter. "Lorenzo Valla | Italian Humanist." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web.
26 Oct. 2015.
Esaak, Shelley. "Similarities Between the Northern and Italian Renaissances." Arthistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
"Raphael Biography." Bio.com. Ed. Biography.com Editors. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Finnan, Vincent. "Jan Van Eyck." Italian Renaissance Art.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
"The Northern Renaissance." The Northern Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.