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Renaissance Project Daniella Vaccarezza, Erick Frobose, and Keya Patel Table of Contents Introduction- Erick Chapter 1: Italian Renaissance Artists -Keya Chapter 2: Northern Renaissance Artists -Keya Chapter 3: Art Techniques -Keya Chapter 4: Compare and Contrast -Daniella Chapter 5: Renaissance Authors- Daniella Table of Contents Part II Chapter 6: Renaissance Society- Erick Chapter 7: Technology- Erick Chapter 8: How is the Renaissance Linked to Modern Day? -Erick Works Cited- Daniella Introduction Accurately named, the renaissance is French for rebirth, or revival. The renaissance was the time in which Italy, and much of Northern Europe had a cultural uprising. This took place after the medieval era, where there were nearly no huge technological breakthroughs. However, during the renaissance, technology advanced, realism in art became more significant, and due to the printing press, authors began writing. The renaissance can be seen as the beginnings of the “modern world”, and its effects can be seen even today. Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance Artists... Part I Giotto: Giotto was born in 1267, around Florence. When he was young, he had a talent for painting, and Cimabue, a great Florentine Painter, realized this and took Giotto in as an apprentice. When he turned twenty, he got married and had many children. Giotto is recognized as a revolutionary, who took the flat Byzantine-style into three-dimensional realism. He was responsible for decorating the Scrovegni Chapel, otherwise known as the Arena chapel. His frescoes included paintings of the Angel Gabriel, and the Virgin Mary. Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance Artists... Part II Giotto’s Artwork: Chapter 1- Italian Renaissance Artists...Part III Raphael- was born on April 6, 1520 he was a great Italian painter. He was born in the Italian city of Urbino in the marches area of Italy. he began painting a series of "Madonnas." he painted the Stanza della Segnatura. Pope Julius II hired Raphael as his chief architect. He was important because he was one of the most important artist to the renaissance. Donatello- Was born on c. 1386. He was an Italian sculptor. He was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy. around 1407 he traveled to rome to study classical art. He was important because he influenced art to the renaissance. ` Raphael sistine madonna art Donatello sculptor Chapter 2- Northern Renaissance Artists Jan van Eyck: most famous flemish painter of the 15th century employed (1422-1424) at the court of John of Bavaria, count of Holland, and The Hague. 1425 he became the court painter and “valet de chambre” to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. “Van Eyck's most famous and most controversial work is one of his first, the Ghent altarpiece (1432), a polyptych consisting of twenty panels in the Church of St. Bavo, Ghent.” Chapter 2...Part II Jan van Eyck was important to the Renaissance because he had created oil painting which replaced the egg-tempora method. He began monochromatic drawing with egg-tempora on a wood-panel and used oil paints over it to make it look three dimensional and have rich details. Jan van Eyck played the role of an important artist who helped raise the popularity of art and made artwork look more detailed and have an effect on contrasting colors. Chapter 2...Part III: Jan van Eyck’s Paintings Chapter 3- Art Techniques...Part I Use of Light & Dark: Many artists started using light and dark colors to their paintings to add: drama perspective timing to their art Chapter 3- Art Techniques...Part II Oil Paints: Slow drying, making it easier to make modifications while it dries. translucent effects (Put on like glaze) Adopted in Northern Europe in the first half of the 15th century. allowed the artists to create better portraits of the human beings, nature, and architecture. Chapter 4- Compare & Contrast Italian -took place in Italy -paint on wet plaster -focused on greek and rome similarity -work written in italian -work related to religion -devoted to the church -dignity of man -influenced other humanists -both idealists Northern -outside of italy -more religious -oil painted on wood -focused on math and science Chapter 5- Renaissance Authors Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469 in Florence Italy. He was a diplomat for 14 years. He wrote “the prince” a handbook for politicians. He also wrote several poems and plays. He died on June 21, 1527.He was important because he was the greatest influence on history of any single individual of the renaissance or florence. The role he played in the Renaissance was he made chancellor of the lower branch of the Florentine. Lorenzo Valla was born in 1407 in rome italy. he was an italian humanist,philosopher,and literary critic. He studied latin and rhetoric. He died on August 1 1457. He was important because he wrote the most important books. The role he played in the Renaissance was that we was a Renaissance philosopher. Machiavelli book the prince a book Valla wrote Chapter 6 - Renaissance Society Festivals: -The renaissance was full of celebration -The wealthy attempted to outdo each other in public displays -Both religious and secular celebrations were held -Everyone, free or poor, were free to come Entertainment such as jousting, horse racing and bullfighting became popular Celebrations were held in order to forget about medieval Italy Chapter 7 - Technology...Part I Compound Microscope: Invented by Zacharias Janssen in 1590, the compound microscope is an optical instrument that magnifies objects, and makes microscopic objects visible. He first discovered it when he was experimenting with lenses with his father. They put several lenses in a tube and discovered that objects could be seen much bigger; bigger than with a magnifying glass. The original design could magnify objects up to 9x, and today, a common compound microscope can magnify up to 400x. Because of his discovery, scientists can study microscopic organisms, and doctors have been able to study cells, to further help medical science. Chapter 7 - Technology...Part II Flush Toilet: The first flush toilet was invented in 1596. Sir John Harrington made the first one for himself and his godmother. However, because he was teased, he never made another one, though he continued to use the one he did make. It wasn’t until 200 years later that it was reinvented, and started to be commonly used. The flush toilet is a toilet which is cleaned of waste by the flow of water. This allows for cleaner bathrooms, more sanitation, and ultimately causes less disease to be spread. Chapter 7 - Technology...Part III Printing Press: The printing press is a machine that used ink and brass letters on paper in order to form words, sentences and paragraphs. Invented in 1436 by Johannes Gutenberg, the printing press was able to mass produce literature. Originally, it was used mainly for printing bibles, but it soon expanded to almanacs, poetry, romances, and eventually, a new form of printing music was invented. Chapter 8-How is the Renaissance linked to Modern Day? During the renaissance, new forms of art and technology were invented. These new ideas, though they are from hundreds of years ago, shaped the world we live in today, and can still be seen. For example, when the printing press was invented, anyone was able to create books. Before this, nearly nobody read anything; even the bible was only read by priests. It is because of this that we are able to study writings by people such as Machiavelli. His book, “the prince”, which was meant as a guide for politicians, is read today by many American politicians. Works Cited… Part I "Inventions of the Renaissance." Inventions of the Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2015. Justindemetri. "Life in Italy During the Renaissance." Life in Italy During the Renaissance. N.p., 3 Feb. 2015. Web. 22 Oct. 2015. Finnan, Vincent. "Giotto." Italian Renaissance Art.com. N.p., 2008. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. Malyon, John. "The Northern Renaissance." The Northern Renaissance. Specifica, Inc, 2007. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. "Painting Techniques of the Renaissance – ItalianRenaissance.org."ItalianRenaissanceorg. N.p., 18 July 2012. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. Pioch, Nicolas. "Eyck, Jan Van." WebMuseum:. N.p., 19 Sept. 2002. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. Works Cited...Part II Burke, Ulick Peter. "Lorenzo Valla | Italian Humanist." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. Esaak, Shelley. "Similarities Between the Northern and Italian Renaissances." Arthistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. "Raphael Biography." Bio.com. Ed. Biography.com Editors. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. Finnan, Vincent. "Jan Van Eyck." Italian Renaissance Art.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015. "The Northern Renaissance." The Northern Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.