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SCALES and ORNAMENTS ~ Higher Level~ Moffat Academy ~ Music Department MAJOR O A row of notes built on an order of tones and semitones (eg C D E F G A B C). Chromatic O A stepwise series of notes built up entirely of semitones. O This is a chromatic scale beginning on C. Blues O In the key of C, the main blues scale uses the notes C, Eb, F, Gb, G, Bb, C. Whole Tone O A scale containing no semitones but built entirely on whole tones. Debussy used the whole-tone scale in some of his pieces which were influenced by Impressionism. Melodic Minor O Scale which shares the same key signature as its Relative major but raises the 6th and 7th notes by a semitone ascending, and similarly lowers them descending. Harmonic Minor O Scale which shares the same key signature as its relative major but raises the 7th note by a semitone. This is a scale of C harmonic minor. ORNAMENTS HIGHER LEVEL click the green box links for useful website info on ornaments. In music, ornaments are musical flourishes that are not necessary to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or “ornament" that line. Trill O Trill - Rapid and repeated movement between two adjacent notes. Acciaccatura Appoggiatura (to crush) (to lean upon) O An ornament An ornament which sounds like a crushed note played very quickly on the beat or just before it. which sounds like a leaning note. It takes half the value of the main note which follows it or two-thirds if the main note is dotted. Turn Mordent O An ornament O Four notes which turn round the main note with the note above, the main note, the note below, and the main note again. An inverted turn starts with the note below reversing the process. which sounds the main note, the note above and then the main note again. An inverted mordent sounds the main note, the note below and then the main note again. The example is of a lower mordent.