Download SCALES and ORNAMENTS ~ Higher Level

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~ Higher Level~
Moffat Academy ~ Music Department
O A row of notes built on an order of tones and
semitones (eg C D E F G A B C).
O A stepwise series of notes built up entirely of
O This is a chromatic scale beginning on C.
O In the key of C, the main blues scale uses
the notes C, Eb, F, Gb, G, Bb, C.
Whole Tone
O A scale containing no semitones but built
entirely on whole tones. Debussy used the
whole-tone scale in some of his pieces
which were influenced by Impressionism.
Melodic Minor
O Scale which shares the
same key signature as its
Relative major but raises
the 6th and 7th notes by
a semitone ascending,
and similarly lowers them
Harmonic Minor
O Scale which shares the
same key signature as its
relative major but raises
the 7th note by a
This is a scale of C
harmonic minor.
click the green box links for useful website info on
In music, ornaments are musical flourishes that are not
necessary to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but
serve instead to decorate or “ornament" that line.
O Trill - Rapid and repeated movement
between two adjacent notes.
(to crush)
(to lean upon)
O An ornament
An ornament which
sounds like a crushed
note played very
quickly on the beat or
just before it.
which sounds
like a leaning note. It
takes half the value
of the main note
which follows it or
two-thirds if the main
note is dotted.
O An ornament
O Four notes which turn
round the main note with
the note above, the main
note, the note below, and
the main note again. An
inverted turn starts with
the note below reversing
the process.
which sounds the
main note, the note
above and then the main
note again. An inverted
mordent sounds the main
note, the note below and
then the main note again.
The example is of a lower