Download Music 181: Structure of the Major Scale

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony wikipedia, lookup

Tone cluster wikipedia, lookup

Tonality wikipedia, lookup

Sonata form wikipedia, lookup

Harmony wikipedia, lookup

Time signature wikipedia, lookup

Microtonal music wikipedia, lookup

Mode (music) wikipedia, lookup

Just intonation wikipedia, lookup

Quarter-comma meantone wikipedia, lookup

Circle of fifths wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Music 181: Structure of the Major Scale
I. Major Scales
A. Content vs. Ordering as Properties of Pitch Class Sets
B. Hierarchy
II. Major Scales Symmetry and Asymmetry
III. Constructing Major Scales
Half Step; Half Tone; Semitone: Used generically for any interval that can be represented by two adjacent keys on
the piano.
Whole Tone; Whole Step: Used generically for any interval made up of two half steps. Whole tones are separated
by one key on piano.
Chromatic Semitone
(written as a prime)
Diatonic Semitone
(written as a 2d)
Whole Tone
Diminished 2d=0 semitones (o2) [e.g. f# to gx]*
Minor 2d=1 semitone (m2)
Major 2d=2 semitones (M2)
Augmented 2d=3 semitones (+2)
Doubly Augmented 2d=4 semitones (++2)
*Such intervals, where two notes sound the same on an equally tempered keyboard but
written differently, are called enharmonic equivalents.
are
IV. Structure of the Major Scale/Names of Scale Degrees
Tonic
Supertonic Mediant Subdominant Dominant Submediant Leading Tome Tonic
^1
^2
^3
^4
^1
^2
^3
^4
W
W
1/2
^5
^5
W
^6
^7
^8
^6
^7
^8
W
W
1/2
IV. Key Signatures
A. Recognition--What two keys could the following signatures represent?
B. Writing--What is the key signature (in both bass and treble clef) for B Major? Ab Major?
C. Knowing the order in which sharps and flats are added to key signatures?
#s=
bs=
F#
Bb
C#
Eb
G#
Ab
D#
Db
A#
Gb
E#
Cb
(pattern of ascending 5ths)
(pattern of ascending 4ths)
D. Visualizing the relationships between keys:
What sharps are found in the key of A Major? In F minor?
What sharp is found in the key of B Major that is not found in the key of E Major?
How many flats or sharps in the key of D Major?
In what major key would a phrase likely be in, if the accidentals include only F# and C#?