Download 2.1 i. Explain the difference between atomic number and mass

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Transcript
2.1
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
2.2
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ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
2.3
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ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
viii.
2.4
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2.5
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iv.
v.
2.6
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iv.
Explainthedifferencebetweenatomicnumberandmassnumber
Defineanisotope.Giveoneexample
Whatisaradioactiveisotope?
Whatusestohumanshaveforradiationatbothhighandlowlevels?
Whatisthedifferencebetweenamoleculeandacompound?
Explainionicbonding.DrawaLewisdiagramforoneionicallybondedmolecule
Explaincovalentbonding.DrawaLewisdiagramforonecovalentlybondedmolecule
Defineelectronegativity
Explainthedifferencebetweenpolarandnon-polarcovalentbonds.Giveanexampleof
apolarmolecule.
Explainhydrogenbonding.
Whatdoesitmeanforwatertohaveahighheatcapacity?Whatdoesthismeando
organismsthatusewater?
Whattypeofbondholdsthewatermoleculetogether?
Whatkindofbondattractswatermoleculestoone-another?
Whatisthedifferencebetweenhydrophilicandhydrophobic?
Explainthecohesiveandadhesivepropertiesofwater.
Explainwhatdissociatedmeansintermsofanacidorbase
Whatisthedifferencebetweenastrongacid/baseandaweakacid/base?
Whatisabuffer?Whyisaweakacidabetterbufferthanastrongacid?
Whatelementsarealwaysfoundinorganicmolecules?
Whatisafunctionalgroup?Giveoneexample:
WhatisaMonomer?APolymer?
Drawadiagramtoillustratehydrolysisanddehydrationsynthesis.
Whatisthefunctionofcarbohydratesinanimals?
Whatisamonomerofacarbohydratecalled?
Whatarethe3monomerscalled?
Whatarethe‘recipes’forthe3disaccharides?
Whatarethe3polysaccharides?Wherecantheybefound?
Whatisthefunctionoflipidmoleculesinanimals?
Whatisamonomerofalipidcalled?
Whatisatriglyceride?Whyisitcalledatriglyceride?
Whatisaphospholipid?List2oftheirfunctions?
v.
2.7
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ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
Whatisasteroid?Whatiscommontoallsteroids?
Whatarethefunctionsofproteinsinthebody?
Whatisamonomerofaproteincalled?Howaretheyallsimilar?
Whatkindofbondholdsaminoacidstogether?
Whydoproteinsformsecondary,tertiary,andquaternarystructures?
Whatarethe2secondaryformsofaprotein?