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Transcript
2010 Gwinnett County Certamen Championship
Upper Level
Round: FINAL
TU#1: Differentiate in meaning among tondeō and tendō.
B1: Distinguish in meaning among triginta, tricēsimus, and triciēs.
B2: Give the Latin for twenty, twentieth, and twenty times.
TU#2: Give the use of the ablative found in the following sentence:
vinum Falernium multō melius quam vinum Gallicum erat.
B1: Restate the sentence using an ablative of comparison (read again).
B2: Now, using the verb fruor, render the following sentence in Latin,
“Marcus enjoyed this wine much better than that wine.”
TU#3: Name the son of Priam and Hecuba who, according to Vergil, was
slain by Pyrrhus ante ora parentum,
B1: By what other name is Pyrrhus known in the Aeneid?
B2: If Neoptolemus is Greek for “new soldier,” who is the “old soldier,”
otherwise known as Pyrhhus’ father?
TU#4: What Roman office, from the Latin meaning “building” or
“temple,” was created in 494 BC and soon was charged with protecting
the consulta of the senate from alteration and abuse? Later, its officials
were in charge of nearly all public games and works.
B1: While originally solely plebeian, patricians were included in this
office and accordingly were permitted to sit on what symbol of their
imperium.
B2: Although lacking imperium, what priest of Jupiter was also granted
use of the sella curulis.
TU#5: Listen to this bit of Latin prose and answer the question which
follows. I will read it twice: Haec Scipiōnis oratiō, quod senātus in urbe
habēbātur Pompeiusque aberat, ex ipsius ōre Pompeī mittī vidēbātur.
Dīxerat aliquis leniōrem sententiam, ut primō Marcus Marcellus,
ingressus in eam oratiōnem, nōn oportere ante dē eā rē ad senātum
referrī, quam dilectus tota Italia habitī et exercitus conscriptī essent, quō
praesidiō tutō et līberē senātus, quae vellet, dēcernere audēret;
Here’s the question: On whose behalf did Scipio seem to speak?
B1: Who delivers a more moderate opinion?
B2: Name the author of this quote.
TONDŌ = SHAVE / CUT;
TENDŌ = STRETCH /
EXTEND / HEAD FOR
TRIGINTA = 30
TRICĒSIMUS = 30TH
TRICIĒS = 30 TIMES
VIGINTI, VICĒSIMUS,
VICIĒS
DEGREE OF DIFFERENCE
VINUM FALERNIUM
MULTŌ MELIUS VINŌ
GALLICŌ ERAT.
MARCUS HŌC VINŌ
MULTŌ MELIUS (QUAM)
ILLŌ VINŌ FRUCTUS EST.
POLITES
NEOPTOLEMUS
ACHILLES
AEDILEship
SELLA CURULIS / CURULE
CHAIR
FLAMEN DIALIS
Gnaeus POMPEIUS/POMPEY
Magnus
Marcus MARCELLUS
Gaius Julius CAESAR
TU#6: Some emperors are arguably more famous not for their rule, but
for the works they penned. Name the emperor and author of The
Meditations.
B1: Which emperor wrote a copious history of the Etruscans, which is
now lost to us?
B2: For which emperor is Statius said to have been a court poet?
TU#7: Name the young third century Roman Emperor who shared his
name with a Syrian sun-god. Part of his name is cognate with the Arabic
word for god, Allah.
B1: Give the Latin name for the Roman sun-god, meaning “The
Unconquered Sun,” with which Elagabalus was assimilated.
B2: Now name this foreign cult deity who was occasionally associated
with Sol Invictus and was popular with Roman soldiers until the fourth
century AD.
TU#8: Name the author whose book, while not the most entertaining bit
of Latin, is our most extensive record of knowledge on Roman
architecture?
B1: The same can probably be said of what magister who wrote a twelve
volume book on oratory?
B2: Give the Latin name for this twelve volume book on oratory.
TU#9: Distinguish in meaning between the various forms ducit, ducat,
ducet.
B1: Give the three equivalent Latin forms for the verb arbitror.
B2: Now, using both verbs mentioned above, say in Latin “Let them
think that they have been led by a good man.”
TU#10: Give the Latin verb common to all of the following English
derivatives: resilient, insult, salient, and salacious
B1: Give the Latin adjective from which we derive: during, obdurate,
duress, and endure.
B2: Give the Latin verb from which we derive: aspersion, sparse,
disperse, and spark
MARCUS AURELIUS
CLAUDIUS
DOMITIAN
ELAGABALUS
SOL INVICTUS
MITHRAS
Marcus VITRUVIUS Pollio
Marcus Fabius QUINTILIANus
INSTITUTIO ORATORIA
DUCIT = HE/SHE/IT LEADS,
DUCAT = HE MAY LEAD (or
LET HIM LEAD)
DUCET = HE WILL LEAD
ARBITRĀTUR,
ARBITRĒTUR,
ARBITRĀBITUR
Eī/Illī/Hī ARBITRENTUR
SĒ/EŌS Ā VIRŌ BONŌ
DUCTĪ ESSE.
saliō, SALĪRE
DURUS, a, um
spargo, SPARGERE
TU#11: Time for Cinema Romana: name the current film which Romans
would have recognized by the name Latus Caecum.
B1: Now, name this movie: Sursum.
B2: Finally, name this movie: Regio Novem.
THE BLIND SIDE
UP
DISTRICT NINE
TU#12: Which Latin author, writing in the time of Nero, wrote an antiCaesarian version of the civil war sometimes called the Pharsalia?
B1: By what other Latin name is the Pharsalia known?
B2: Whose death does Lucan gruesomely detail over the course of almost
one hundred lines?
LUCAN
BELLUM CIVILE
Gnaeus POMPEIUS/POMPEY
Magnus
TU#13: The reforms of what man would have prevented the conflict
between Rome and its Italian allies? His assassination left no hope and
the cities revolted, thus starting the Social War. Name this man whose
adopted son would give birth to Augustus’ wife Livia Drusilla.
B1: The Italian cities revolted in 91 BC, and formed an independent
nation that they called what?
B2: One of the outcomes of the Social War was the lex Julia, which did
what?
TU#14: Name the mythological creature by its component parts: snake,
goat, lion.
B1: Now, name this one: bird and woman.
B2: Now, name this one: lion and eagle.
TU#15: Give the Latin abbreviation for the document important to all
people seeking employment, because it quite literally tells potential
bosses about the “course of a person’s life.”
B1: If, in your curriculum vitae, you have graduated with a law degree,
you would most likely put this Latin abbreviation meaning “teacher of
law.”
B2: Perhaps instead you have obtained an M.A. in Latin. Give the Latin
phrase which M.A. abbreviates.
Marcus Livius DRUSUS
ITALIA
GAVE CITIZENSHIP TO
ITALIAN CITIES/MEN
CHIMAERA
SIREN
GRIFFIN
C.V.
J.D.
MAGISTER ARTIUM
TU#16: The senatus consultum ultimum was first used in 121 BC for the
consul Lucius Opimius to deal with which famous reforming Tribune of
the Plebs, resulting in his death?
GAIUS GRACCHUS
B1: What famous Roman general was the grandfather of the Gracchi?
SCIPIO AFRICANUS
B2: According to the brothers’ mythology, how did their mother Cornelia
refer to her sons at a gathering of noble women?
HER JEWELS
TU#17: I’ll name the title of four Latin works; you name the author:
Brutus, dē Officiīs, dē Naturā Deōrum, in Catilinam.
B1: Here are four more works; you give the author: Sermones, Ars
Poetica, Epodes, Carmen Saeculare.
B2: And here are four more: Rudens, Bacchides, Aulularia, Mostellaria.
Marcus Tullius CICERO
Quintus HORATIUS Flaccus /
HORACE
Titus Maccius PLAUTUS
TU#18: We all know that Cato said Carthago delenda est before the
Third Punic War, but how would Cato have said, “Carthage had to be
destroyed,” after that final Punic War?
B1: Using the same construction, how would Cato have said, “I had to
destroy Carthage”?
B2: How, using the double dative, would the senate have told Cato, “This
was a great help to Rome”?
CARTHAGO DELENDA
ERAT
MIHI CARTHAGO
DELENDA ERAT
HOC MAGNO AUXILIO
ROMAE ERAT.
TU#19: Give the religious term which the Romans used to mean “the
guardian spirit of a place or thing.” The word derives from gens,
meaning “household.”
B1: Which emperor was the first to cultivate a genius to his divinity?
B2: Not to be confused with genius, what Latin term referred to the
divine will or power of a deity or spirit.
GENIUS
Caesar AUGUSTUS
NUMEN
TU#20: What man was close with Tiberius, Caligula, and Claudius, but
fell victim to Tiberius’ treason trials after Eutyches overheard that he
desired Tiberius’ death in favor of Caligula? Name the king whose
namesake marshaled the victory at Actium, and whose own name is
immortalized for Christians in the Acts of the Apostles.
B1: What Jewish writer coined Herod Agrippa as “Agrippa the Great”?
B2: Herod Agrippa was educated in the imperial court alongside what
only son of Tiberius and Vipsania?
HEROD Agrippa
JOSEPHUS
DRUSUS Julius Caesar