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Transcript
Islam and Muslims
The religion is called Islam.
The people who practice Islam are
called Muslims. (It is pronounced
Mooslims)
Muhammad:
The Prophet of Islam
A prophet is a messenger of God.
Muhammad was born in 570 AD.
His parents died when he was 7.
Liked to go off by himself and pray in the desert.
He heard the voice of the angel Gabriel telling
him to proclaim the one true God.
The words of God came to him. He wrote them
down in the Quran.
Muhammad
Most Muslims do
not believe that the
face of Muhammad
should be shown.
He is often
depicted as in the
picture on the right.
Allah
Allah is the word
for God in Arabic.
Even if you’re
Christian or
Jewish.
You will never see
an image of Allah.
He cannot be
captured by
worldly images.
A Mosque
A Mosque is the
place of worship
for Muslims.
Holiest city of Islam
Located in Saudi
Arabia
Muhammad’s
hometown
Contains the Kaaba Cube like structure
and holiest location.
Contains the Black
Stone. Mythical relic
that dates to the time
of Adam and Eve.
Mecca
Holy Book of Islam
Written in Arabic
Muslims believe that
God revealed the
Qur’an to Muhammad.
Muhammad is merely
the vessel that God
used to give out his
words.
Hadiths – Secondary
books with sayings,
deeds, and teachings
of Muhammad
The Qur’an
The Five Pillars of Islam
1. Faith: There is only one God, and Muhammad is
the Prophet
2. Prayer: Five times a day
3. Charity: All Muslims pay a tax to help the poor
4. Fasting: Not eating or drinking during daylight
during the month of Ramadan
5. Pilgrimage (Hajj): All Muslims want to make a
pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca once in their
lifetimes.
Practices of Islam
Muslims pray 5
times a day facing
Mecca.
The Hajj: The pilgrimage
to Mecca
Ramadan
Ramadan - the most important holiday
Muslims fast from sun up till sundown
during the month of Ramadan
Ramadan celebrates Muhammad
receiving the Qur’an from Allah
Islamic symbol
The Star and
Crescent Moon
You will find the
Star and Crescent
Moon on many
Islamic nation’s
flags.