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Islam and Muslims The religion is called Islam. The people who practice Islam are called Muslims. (It is pronounced Mooslims) Muhammad: The Prophet of Islam A prophet is a messenger of God. Muhammad was born in 570 AD. His parents died when he was 7. Liked to go off by himself and pray in the desert. He heard the voice of the angel Gabriel telling him to proclaim the one true God. The words of God came to him. He wrote them down in the Quran. Muhammad Most Muslims do not believe that the face of Muhammad should be shown. He is often depicted as in the picture on the right. Allah Allah is the word for God in Arabic. Even if you’re Christian or Jewish. You will never see an image of Allah. He cannot be captured by worldly images. A Mosque A Mosque is the place of worship for Muslims. Holiest city of Islam Located in Saudi Arabia Muhammad’s hometown Contains the Kaaba Cube like structure and holiest location. Contains the Black Stone. Mythical relic that dates to the time of Adam and Eve. Mecca Holy Book of Islam Written in Arabic Muslims believe that God revealed the Qur’an to Muhammad. Muhammad is merely the vessel that God used to give out his words. Hadiths – Secondary books with sayings, deeds, and teachings of Muhammad The Qur’an The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Faith: There is only one God, and Muhammad is the Prophet 2. Prayer: Five times a day 3. Charity: All Muslims pay a tax to help the poor 4. Fasting: Not eating or drinking during daylight during the month of Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage (Hajj): All Muslims want to make a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca once in their lifetimes. Practices of Islam Muslims pray 5 times a day facing Mecca. The Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca Ramadan Ramadan - the most important holiday Muslims fast from sun up till sundown during the month of Ramadan Ramadan celebrates Muhammad receiving the Qur’an from Allah Islamic symbol The Star and Crescent Moon You will find the Star and Crescent Moon on many Islamic nation’s flags.