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Transcript
Goals
• List the origins of Islam
• Point to Muhammad as the
founder of Islam.
• Relate Muhammad’s message
to other religions.
• Compile a list of what it
takes a Muslim to reach
salvation.
Origins of Islam
-Islam's origins can be traced
back to Muhammad.
-Muhammad was dissatisfied with
the way people acted.
-He was visited by an angel in
A.D. 610 that told him to
preach Islam.
-Islam means “surrendering to the
will or Allah”(Allah is the Arabic
word for god.
Muhammed’s Message
• 1. Only worship God, the one true
god.
• 2. Wealth not as important as
leading a good life.
• 3. Good people are rewarded and
evildoers are punished.
• 4.God considered to be the
creator.
• 5.Obey God's laws if you want to
be blessed in the afterlife.
Muhammed’s Message
• 6. Honor your parents.
• 7. Show kindness to your neighbors.
• 8. Give to the poor.
• 9. Murder, lying and stealing are
•
forbidden.
The Origins of the Qur’an
Muhammed started to preach
the way of Allah.


622  Hijrah  Muhammed
flees Mecca for Medina.
His soldiers conquered Makkah
in A.D. 630 and made it the holy
city.

IslamAn Abrahamic
Religion

Muslims are strict monotheists.

They believe in the JudeoChristian God, which they call
Allah.

Muslims believe that the Torah
and the Bible, like the Qur’an,
is the word of God.
The Qur’an
 Muslims believe it contains the
word of God.
Written
in Arabic.
Guides
daily
Life and
government
Other Islamic Religious
Practices

No alcohol or pork.

No gamblin
Sharia
Three
 body of Islamic law to
regulate daily living.
holiest cities in Islam:
* Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem.
The Prophetic
Tradition
Adam
Noah
Abraham
Moses
Jesus
Muhammad
1. Belief
 The testimony.
The declaration of faith to
Allah:

There is no god worthy of
worship except God, and
Muhammad is His
Messenger [or Prophet].
1
2. Prayer
 The mandatory prayers
performed 5 times a day:
* dawn
* noon
* late afternoon
* sunset
* before going to bed

Wash before praying.

Face Mecca and use a prayer rug.
2
3. Charity
 Almsgiving (charitable
donations) giving to the poor

Muslims believe that all things
belong to God.
About
2.5% of your income.
3
4. Fasting
 Fasting during the holy month
of Ramadan.


Considered a method of selfpurification.
No eating or drinking from
sunrise to sunset during
Ramadan.
4
5. Pilgrimage
 The pilgrimage to Mecca.

Must be done at least once in a
Muslim’s lifetime.

2-3 million Muslims make the
pilgrimage
every
year.
5
The Mosque
 The Muslim place of worship.
The Dome of the Rock
Mosque in Jerusalem
Mount Moriah Rock
where Muhammad ascended into heaven.
Muslims in the World
Today
Countries with the
Largest Muslim
Population
1. Indonesia
183,000,000
6. Iran
62,000,000
2. Pakistan
134,000,000
7. Egypt
59,000,000
3. India
121,000,000
8. Nigeria
53,000,000
4. Bangladesh
114,000,000
9. Algeria
31,000,000
10. Morocco
29,000,000
5. Turkey
66,000,000
* Arabs make up only 20% of the total
Muslim population of the world.
www.pptpalooza.org Peter Herman