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Identifying Sentence Relationships ….another tactic to help you become a better writer! #1: Cause & Effect • The second sentence states an effect that is caused by the first sentence. #1 cont. Ex: The students were wearing inappropriate clothes to school. The school board decided it was time to implement uniforms. **Test for this option by putting the words “as a result” after the 1st sentence #2: Problem/Solution • The first sentence presents a problem that needs to be solved, the second sentence gives a possible solution. #2 cont. • Ex: Water shortages in the western United States are becoming a serious problem. The government needs to limit the amount of water that individuals can use for personal consumption. **Test for this option by adding “to solve this problem” between sentences #3: Example • The first sentence presents an idea, then the second sentence gives an example of the idea. #3 cont. • For ex: Grass seeds can move from continent to continent by attaching themselves to the fur of animals and to the clothes and belongings of man. The slave trade brought three grasses, including Bermuda grass, from Africa to the United States. • **Test for this option by adding “FOR EXAMPLE” after the 1st sentence. #4: Contrasting Views • When one sentence states one opinion and the next sentence states an opposite viewpoint. #4 Cont. • Emmit Smith has more rushing yards than any other running back in the history of the NFL. However, Barry Sanders is a better running back because he would have surpassed Emmit’s total in yards if he would have had a better offensive line. • **Test for this option by finding an opposing transition word: however or on the other hand #5: Restate/Repeat • When one sentence states an idea and the second sentence expands upon that same idea. #5 cont. • For Ex: While many students may find the study of grammar to be unimportant, many studies have shown that the ways in which someone writes will determine how their ideas are viewed. Students who do not spend the energy developing good grammar may see their ideas disregarded simply because of the grammatical errors. • **Test for this option by asking “Why” or “How” in between sentences Warm-up: Tuesday **for each of the following sentences, explain the relationship between the two. • One newspaper decided that Britney Spears was the “Celebrity of the Decade”. However, another source gave that title to Kanye West. • Water levels in the Great Lakes have dropped to dangerous levels. Officials have decided to ban the use of piping water to Canada in order to help boost the overall level. Warm-Up: Wednesday **for each of the following sentences, explain the relationship between the two. • A recent study showed that teenagers who only get 5 hours of sleep a night are 10 times more likely to become depressed. The study also concluded that these same teenagers are twice as likely to contemplate suicide. • The character Crooks shows powerlessness in many different ways. One way is seen through his attitude about Lennie visiting his room in the bunkhouse. Warm-up: Thursday The death penalty is costing the United States millions of dollars. Therefore, we should outlaw it in all states. In the end, Curley’s wife, Crooks, and Lennie all show examples of powerlessness. They show readers that if a person just allowed another person a voice, all peoples’ lives would be much happier. Justified Actions • With the person at your table—decide your opinion on each of the following statements on a ½ sheet. Also provide an explanation for each one. • You can only rescue one of each of the following, which do you save? a) A child or an adult b) A stranger or your dog c) Hitler or lassie d) Your spouse or a Nobel Peace Prize Winner • e) A dog or a weasel f) Your entire family or the entire canine species g) A bottle with the cure for heart disease or your brother h) A bottle with the cure for heart disease or your brother who just gave you one of his kidneys Quiz Questions States have slashed education budgets to cope with rising health care and retiree costs. Parents and community organizations across the country are devising ingenious ways to raise money for local schools. To describe its current marketing approach, the automobile industry might want to dust off the old slogan “power to the people.” This is because Detroit and the foreign automakers are in a horsepower war not seen since the muscle car era of the 1960s.