Download Euhemerus` Theory

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Criminology wikipedia , lookup

Symbolic interactionism wikipedia , lookup

History of the social sciences wikipedia , lookup

Popular culture studies wikipedia , lookup

Sociological theory wikipedia , lookup

Political economy in anthropology wikipedia , lookup

The Dispossessed wikipedia , lookup

Development economics wikipedia , lookup

Eliminative materialism wikipedia , lookup

Unilineal evolution wikipedia , lookup

Postdevelopment theory wikipedia , lookup

Public choice wikipedia , lookup

Marie-Louise von Franz wikipedia , lookup

Development theory wikipedia , lookup

Origins of society wikipedia , lookup

Mythology wikipedia , lookup

Euhemerus’ Theory
Historical Facts
Muller’s Theory
• Represents Nature Divinities
• Heroes are symbolic for the sun in
one of its phases.
Tylor’s Theory
• Man’s effort to account for the
unexplainable occurrences in
• animals had souls
Malinowski’s Theory
• Disagreed with Tylor
• Emphasized the psychological
conditions that lead man to create
Frazer’s Theory
• Cycle of Nature
Myth and Society
• Mitra & Varuna
Emile Durkheim 1800’s
• Myth plays a role in understanding
society as a whole.
• Believed that every society
establishes certain social institutions
and values, which are reflected in the
society's religion.
• Collective Representations of Values
Georges Dumezil,
Modern French scholar
• Influenced by Durkheim
• Studied Indo-European Myth
• Indo-European Divinities collective
representations of the caste (class)
• Mitra/Varuna represent Brahman or
priest caste; the highest caste in
Hindu society.
Myth and the Individual
Carl Jung psychoanalyst 1900’s
• Myths reflect attitudes and behavior
of individuals (controversial).
• Collective unconscious formed by
personal experiences in the world as
filtered through the senses.
• Inherited and shared by all members
of his race. (Depression)
Carl Jung Archetypes include
Myth, Fairy/Folk Tales, Art
• Home of the gods, underworlds
• Heroes: battle between
generations for control of a
• Themes: love, revenge, greed,
Diversity of Theories
• Anthropological – origins, customs
• Allegorical – symbolic narrative
• Philological – literary texts, written records
• Solaristic – Operating Environment
• Rationalistic Reason Philosophy /Theology.
• Psychoanalytical - theories concerning the
relation of conscious and unconscious
1875 - 1961
• No science will ever replace myth,
and a myth cannot be made out
of any science. For it is not that
“God” is a myth, but that myth is
the revelation of a divine life in
man. It is not we who invent
myth, rather it speaks to us as a
word of God.
1875 - 1961
• Myths go back to the primitive
storyteller and his dreams, to men
moved by the stirring of their
fantasies. These people were not
very different from those whom
later generations called poets or
Diversity of Theories Influences
Geography – Desert or Ice
Climate – Cold or Arid
Government – Female vs. Male
Societal Aspects