Functionalists Write, Too: Frazer/Malinowski and the
... handbook for colonial functionaries; nor as evidence supporting theories
about classification, evolution, or diffusion of physical, customary, or lin
guistic traits; but as pure description, with a dash of humanistic hopes:
Perhaps as we read the account of these remote customs there may
SUMMONING THE SACRED IN SUMERIAN INCANTATIONS
... impurity and the consequent emphasis on purification are in the background of all
ritual behaviour relating to transgression16. As it remains uncertain in the Mesopotamian case whether concepts of defilement preceded concepts of transgression,
and because concepts of disorder and transgression appea ...
E. B. Tylor - Journal for the Anthropological Study of Human Movement
... than scientific importance. With their sense of Christian responsibility for
peoples then commonly treated by Europeans as creatures of a different and
inferior species to themselves, they sought in ethnology a scientific basis for
the philanthropic principles expressed notably in the founding of th ...
Restudy and Reflexivity in Anthropology and Development
... fundamental change had occurred, not in the project, but in the donor policy which the project
was required to affirm in order to exist’, out of time, out of trend, it had become ‘the flared
trousers of the DFID wardrobe.’ (2003: 72). The article does not just explore the disjunction
between the mod ...
Claude Lévi-Strauss, Chiasmus and the Ethnographic Journey
... into the realm of the supra-sensible) are ahead of positive understanding. In ‘developed’ (‘hot’) societies
mythical thought is required to fulfil the same function (to supplement science) but for the inverse
reason: scientific knowledge has so outstripped the powers of the imagination that contempo ...
DO ”GOOD FENCES MAKE GOOD NEIGHBORS”?: SOME
... whether they be ritual or negotiable. Sandra Wallman’s article on the ”boundaries of race”
(1978. ”Boundaries of Race: Processes of Ethnicity in England. Man 13 (2). 200-18.) is
highly relevant insofar as it introduces the notion of ”interface” into the study of bordering. Wallman notices that the t ...
The Oedipus Myth and Complex in Oceania with Special Reference
... accounts for its absence by citing the extended matrilineal family
with its fewer opportunities for “intense inward relationships
common in the Euroamerican situation，
”17 He goes on to cite
the negative results concerning the existence of the Oedipus
complex in Oceanic areas, among which he include ...
Fifth International Conference on Knowledge, Culture and Change
... Archetypes are primordial inherent patterns, psychological structures common to all
human beings, emerging from the collective unconsciousness and reflected in symbols,
images, and themes. Although universal, they manifest differently from person to person,
influenced by its individuality, culture, ...
The sources of this essay are a bias
... looking: event and observation, action and interpretation are indissociable
concepts in the quantum mechanical world. It is useless for us, right-thinking
social scientists though we may be, to demur on this issue, to claim, for example
that we would rather go about our specialized task of observing ...
... 1. Ecological explanations (e.g. lack of
2. Symbolic explanations (Atzec rituals)
What is interesting is our fascination with
cannibalism, and its continuous
presence in anthropological writings. In
other words, its ideological use.
Not So Different After All?: The EU and Myths of Exceptionalism
... The paper argues that the sacred narratives of exceptionalism have been part of the
evolution of the EU as well. Despite the claims that it eschewed national interests to forge a
new kind of polity, one for which traditional concepts and categories are inadequate, to
discussions of it being a post-m ...
... recurs in different works, in different cultures and
in different periods of time.
Political Myths and Totalitarianism: An Anthropological Analysis of
... the Profane, gives to the people »the truth« that they can
understand. Finally, myth dresses both these truths,
both realities, religious and mundane, heavenly and human, into the suit of poetic expression1.
Since the beginning of anthropological research, myth,
along with magic and religion, is amo ...
structuralism - U of L Class Index
... Therefore there are laws operating a deeper level and since our
brains are pre-programmed to work in the same ways the structure
of all cultural elements is the same, even if the content varies.
It is in a sense reduced too imitating the mind itself as object.
L-S Believed that studying the mytho ...
... different works, in different cultures and in different
periods of time.
ideology, ritual practice, and cultural heritage: an introduction
... ancient ideologies are predicated on the belief in reciprocity and balance with the
supernatural forces of the earth, which is based on widely shared beliefs in the
regeneration of life through death observed daily in the sowing and cultivation of their
In human societies, worldviews can exp ...
Course Prefix/Number: ANT 3241
... The opening lecture deals with “religion” as an idea universal to human
culture. The questions we must face are, “Is there an activity we may call
religion in all human cultures?” and “Do we always easily recognize
religion when we encounter it?” The lecture grounds our essentially
evolutionary and ...
Chapter Twenty-Four Lecture Two
... • The process uses allegorical and symbolic
interpretations throughout its history.
• By examining the history of myth
interpretation, we can actually track the
development of thought, since all ages will try
to understand things – including myth -- in
light of the prevailing ideas of the time.
• Th ...
See Preview - Cordillera Studies Center
... existence of two versions of a particular section. Which of the two
versions represents the author’s final intention? This too had to be
The greater problem is perhaps the problem of incompleteness.
Two pages are missing in the copy of the manuscript used for editing.
In one case (“Approac ...
Anthropology helps us bust myths about human nature: for example
... look at economic roles, kinship, social classifications, power in the household and in public, sex roles,
contribution to overall household or group nutrition and health, inheritance of land and name, etc…we
find amazing diversity across human groups. This tells us that there is not only one way to ...
by Claude Levi
... Main Idea: study culture (outward classifications, practices, beliefs, organizations) to to try and
understand unconscious principles that structure human culture, which reveal the underlying
patterns of human thought
o Culture is system and collection of arbitrary symbols. Similar to phonemes of a ...
Comparing The Earth on Turtle`s Back, When Grizzlies Walked
... When this world came to being, there was no single explanation of its
origin. Many Native American tribes and other religious groups
throughout the world created their own origin or creation myths for
the earth on a whole or just the people of the earth. The basis of
these myths was cultural and soc ...
... • A mythological critic uses hopes, fears, and expectations set by certain
cultures to uncover universal ideas or themes in certain literature.
• Carl Jung, a psychologist in the 1930’s, to explain that we all share a general
subconscious and archetypes are universal
• Sir James Frazer studied myth ...
Moro-Myers-Lehman Text Supplement
... Myths are sacred and true cultural narratives. They allow people to explain their origins
and worldview, and act as social charters. Myths and religions depend on symbols and
symbolic behavior. It is the task of the anthropologist to interpret the meaning of such
symbols and myths, and to discern th ...
Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people–their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs–or the study of such myths.As a collection of such stories, mythology is a vital feature of every culture. Various origins for myths have been proposed, ranging from personification of nature, personification of natural phenomena to truthful or hyperbolic accounts of historical events, to explanations of existing ritual. Although the term is complicated by its implicit condescension, mythologizing is not just an ancient or primitive practice, as shown by contemporary mythopoeia such as urban legends and the expansive fictional mythoi created by fantasy novels and Japanese manga. A culture's collective mythology helps convey belonging, shared and religious experience, behavioural models, and moral and practical lessons.The study of myth dates back to antiquity. Rationalists in ancient Greece and China devised allegorical interpretations of their traditional stories. Rival classifications of the Greek myths by Euhemerus, Plato's Phaedrus, and Sallustius were developed by the Neoplatonists and revived by Renaissance mythographers. Nineteenth-century comparative mythology reinterpreted myth as a primitive and failed counterpart of science (E. B. Tylor), a ""disease of language"" (Max Müller), or a misinterpretation of magical ritual (James Frazer).Some recent approaches have rejected a conflict between the value of myth and rational thought, often viewing myths, rather than being merely inaccurate historical accounts, as expressions for understanding general psychological, cultural or societal truths.