Download Sexuality As A Social Concept

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Human sexual activity wikipedia, lookup

Sexual fluidity wikipedia, lookup

Sexual racism wikipedia, lookup

Exploitation of women in mass media wikipedia, lookup

Virginity wikipedia, lookup

Sexual objectification wikipedia, lookup

Ego-dystonic sexual orientation wikipedia, lookup

History of homosexuality wikipedia, lookup

Paraphilia wikipedia, lookup

Sex-positive feminism wikipedia, lookup

Safe sex wikipedia, lookup

Sexual slavery wikipedia, lookup

Penile plethysmograph wikipedia, lookup

Sexual dysfunction wikipedia, lookup

Adolescent sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Heterosexuality wikipedia, lookup

Sexological testing wikipedia, lookup

Sexual addiction wikipedia, lookup

Sexual stimulation wikipedia, lookup

Sexual selection wikipedia, lookup

Ages of consent in South America wikipedia, lookup

Hookup culture wikipedia, lookup

Human male sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Age of consent wikipedia, lookup

Sexual abstinence wikipedia, lookup

Sexual reproduction wikipedia, lookup

Human mating strategies wikipedia, lookup

Catholic theology of sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Erotic plasticity wikipedia, lookup

Human sexual response cycle wikipedia, lookup

Sex and sexuality in speculative fiction wikipedia, lookup

Sex in advertising wikipedia, lookup

Sexual attraction wikipedia, lookup

Lesbian sexual practices wikipedia, lookup

Rochdale child sex abuse ring wikipedia, lookup

Human female sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Female promiscuity wikipedia, lookup

Sexual ethics wikipedia, lookup

History of human sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Slut-shaming wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Sexuality As A Social Concept
Sexuality As An Evolving Concept
Sexual Socialization: Agents
Sexual Socialization: Cause And
Effect?
Sexuality As An Evolving Concept
• In Western culture, it was the early Christians that
came to view sex as sinful.
• Alarmed by the sexual excesses of Romans, and
influenced by the Greek concept of dualism, early
Church leaders such as Saint Paul argued that
celibacy was necessary for spiritual development.
• Saint Augustine, the major influence on early
Christian beliefs about sex, believed that lust was
the original sin of Adam and Eve and
consequently, that sex was sinful.
• The prevailing view of women’s sexuality began
to change at the time of the Crusades and the
elevation of Mary in the Roman Catholic Church.
• The Virgin Mary was perceived as compassionate
and pure, and thus a dichotomous view of women
evolved: virgins as asexual and pure, and sexually
experienced women who expressed sexual desire
as evil temptresses.
• This virgin/whore dichotomy is still very prevalent
in traditional Latino cultures.
• The general view during the Middle Ages was still
that men were ruled by reason and had more
control of their sexual impulses, while women
were ruled by animal appetites.
• During the Victorian era, we saw a complete
turnabout in the way women were viewed.
• Men were now viewed as sexual aggressors who
could not control their desires.
• Women’s gender roles were very stereotyped at
this time, and they were expected to be
subservient to men and fulfill their roles as wives
and mothers.
• The 1900s witness the advancement of the
feminist movement, greater autonomy for women,
and finally, with the start of the sexual revolution.
Sexuality Of Children
• “In medieval society the idea of childhood did not
exist.”
• The idea of a separate category called childhood,
different from adults, did not arise until the middle
1700s.
• In England during the 1600s, children were
believed to be evil.
• During the 1700s, this view gave way to the
modern view of children as vulnerable and
needing protection.
Sex Education
• In the United States, sex education in schools
originated as part of a social hygiene movement to
prevent rising levels of sexually transmitted
diseases.
• The first printed matter for sex education appeared
in the early 1900s.
• By the mid-1960s, numerous scientific surveys
and studies had been conducted.
• Girls were now included in the same classes as
boys.
• In addition to sexual anatomy and sexual health, a
variety of behaviors were presented as normal, so
that people could now engage in masturbation,
oral-genital sex, and homosexual relations without
guilty or shame.
Religion
• Today, about 60% of teens have engaged in sexual
intercourse by the time they complete high school.
The Media
– Magazines and Tabloids
• The average American child spends 6 to 8 hours a
day watching, listening to, or reading some form
of the media.
– Television.
• Three-fourths of teenagers today list television and
friends as their major sources of information about
sex.
• Researchers have stated: “TV that presents sex as
a distorted, realistic oriented, exploitive, casual
activity without dealing with consequences.”
– Advertisements.
• Sex certainly sells, or at least manufacturers of
perfumes and colognes, liquor and beer, cigarettes
and clothing think so.
Sexual Socialization: Cause And
Effect?
• A review concluded that frequent sexual content
on television has four major effects on viewers:
– (1)overestimation of the prevalence of certain
sexual activities in the general public;
– (2) disinhibition—a more liberal attitude about
sex;
– (3)increased interest in sexual issues; and
– (4) learning about sexual topics.
• It is not just the amount of sexual content that is
important. Perhaps the nature of sexual content in
the media is equally important.
• Europeans generally receive a more balanced
approach from all the various agents of sexual
socialization.
• Parents are ore open about sex, and school-based
sex education begins early in life for most
European children.