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Transcript
•Lincoln’s Reelection
•Appomattox Court House
Lincoln is Reelected
• Ran for reelection in 1864
– Outlook was bad
– Lincoln’s chances for victory were slim.
• Democrats nominated George McClellan
– Was willing to compromise peace with the
Confederacy and restore slavery
• Then, Sherman and Sheridan had huge
Union victories.
– Rallied support for Lincoln
– Lincoln won the close election
The Civil War Ends
• Fort Sumter surrenders on Feb. 17, 1865
• Lee asks for Confederacy to arm slaves and
on Mar. 13th they agree - desperate
• Lee dug in at Petersburg.
– There Grant held him to a nine month siege.
• Richmond and Petersburg fell on April 2,
1865.
End of the War
• By April, Union has one million men,
Confederate only have had 100,000
• Lee and his army withdrew to a small
Virginia town called Appomattox Court
House.
– Lee knew his men would be slaughtered so he
surrendered on April 9, 1865.
Terms of Surrender
• Grant offered generous terms to the
Confederates.
– Soldiers were required to turn over their rifles.
• However, officers could keep their pistols.
– Soldiers who had horses could keep them.
– Each “officer and man would be allowed to
return to his home and not be disturbed by U.S.
authorities.”
A Turning Point in American History
• Death toll was immense
– 360,000 Union, 250,000 Confederate
• War cost 20 billion dollars!
• Democratic Party lost its influence and
Republicans were in a commanding position.
• Americans viewed the United States as a country,
not a nation of states.
– Federal Government power grew
• Slavery was ended.