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Transcript
Purcell 1
Learning Objectives

To study the background of the baroque solo
concerto and place the Purcell trumpet sonata in
context
Baroque Music

Affection: instrumental pieces express a single
mood. But some vocal music might not, in
response to the text

Rhythmic continuity: the same sorts of rhythms
tend to be used throughout a piece

Melody: themes are repeated and developed,
often by sequence. Melodies heavily ornamented

Dynamics: not usually indicated, and if so usually
only forte or piano, not crescendo or diminuendo.
Terraced dynamics

Texture: often highly polyphonic with much
imitation
Baroque Music 2

Harmony: chords and functional harmony
become important. The bass part is now much
more important

Basso continuo: a new section of the orchestra
whose function is to play the bass line and the
chords


Cello/Violone playing bass line

Harpsichord/Organ playing figured bass

Sometimes also double bass, bassoon
Word-painting: standard conventions e.g. falling
chromatic scale = grief
Baroque Orchestra

Strings: 1st & 2nd violins, violas

Basso continuo: cellos (and double bass and
bassoon), harpsichord (and/or organ)

Sometimes recorders, flutes, oboes, horns,
trombones

For very festive music trumpets, timpani

Quite flexible, instruments can still occasionally be
substituted (e.g. flute for oboe)

Small: usually 10-20 players
Bach: Brandenburg
Concerto no. 2

Instruments

Affection

Rhythm

Melody

Sequence

Ornamentation

Dynamics

Texture

Harmony
Trumpets

Usually extremely high

What notes do they play
in the octave above
middle C?
The Harmonic Series
Transpose this into D major
Compare and contrast

What are the main similarities and differences
between the Bach and the Purcell?

Instruments

Affection

Rhythm

Melody

Sequence

Ornamentation

Dynamics

Texture

Harmony
Prep

Identify the keys and cadences at:

3-4

6-7

10-11

13-14

18-19

28-29