Earth’s Systems Study Guide 1. Name the four parts of Earth’s integrated system. 2. Define geosphere, what it is made of and how it functions. 3. Define atmosphere and where it is found. 4. Where is most of the water on Earth? 5. Define biosphere and what three parts make it up. 6. What is the importance of seismic waves? Describe what seismic waves can tell us. 7. Describe the location of the crust. 8. Describe the location and composition (what is it made of) of the mantle. 9. Describe the two parts of the core. 10. Where would you find the lithosphere? What parts of Earth make it up? 11. Where would you find the asthenosphere? What is its composition like? 12. Describe the two layers of the Earth’s core. 13. What are the tectonic plates? What do they have to do with earthquakes? Formation of mountains? 14. The measure of the energy released by an earthquake is called… 15. What is magma? 16. What causes erosion? What does erosion affect? 17. What gas is the atmosphere mostly made of? What is the second major gas? 18. Where would you find the denser air in the atmosphere? 19. Name the four layers of the atmosphere in order. 20. What layer of the atmosphere contains ozone? 21. Why is ozone important for life of Earth? 22. Define radiation, conduction, and convection as it applies to transfer of energy in the Earth. 23. Describe the greenhouse effect. Why is this necessary for life? 24. What does hydro mean in hydrosphere? 25. Why is the water cycle called a “cycle”? 26. Define evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. 27. Describe the two types of currents found in the ocean. 28.____________________ is a measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid. 29 Name the three temperature zones of the ocean. 30. How do oceans help support life on Earth? 31. The Earth has a closed system for ________________. 32. The Earth has an open system for ________________.