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Transcript
CHORUS 1 EXAM REVIEW
SEMESTER ONE
UNIT 1
THE STAFF
• MUSIC IS WRITTEN ON A STAFF OF 5 LINES AND 4 SPACES
• MUSIC NOTES ARE OVAL SYMBOLS THAT ARE PLACED ON THE LINES AND IN THE SPACES. THEY
REPRESENT PITCHES.
• IF NOTES APPEAR HIGHER ON THE STAFF, THE PITCH IS HIGHER.
• IF NOTES APPEAR LOWER ON THE STAFF, THE PITCH IS LOWER.
Higher
Lower
Lower
Higher Lower
Lower
THE TREBLE CLEF & THE STAFF
• THE TREBLE CLEF, ALSO CALLED THE G CLEF, IS USED FOR NOTES IN THE HIGHER PITCH RANGES.
Line Notes
Space Notes
THE BASS CLEF & THE STAFF
• THE BASS CLEF, ALSO CALLED THE F CLEF, IS USED FOR NOTES IN THE LOWER PITCH RANGES.
Line Notes
Space Notes
THE GRAND STAFF
Brace
LEDGER LINES
• LEDGER LINES EXTEND THE RANGE OF THE STAFF WHEN NOTES ARE TOO HIGH OR TOO LOW
TO BE WRITTEN ON THE STAFF
• CAN BE WRITTEN ON THE BASS AND TREBLE CLEF.
• JUST CONTINUE IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER FROM A-G
UNIT 2
NOTE VALUES
• THE NOTE VALUE IS THE DURATION THAT YOU HOLD THE NOTE
Whole Note Dotted-Half Note Half Note
4 Beats
3 Beats
2 Beats
Quarter Note
1 Beat
NOTE VALUES
• STEMS EXTEND DOWNWARD ON THE LEFT SIDE WHEN THE NOTE APPEARS ON OR ABOVE THE
3RD LINE
• STEMS EXTEND UPWARD ON THE RIGHT SIDE WHEN THE NOTE APPEARS BELOW THE 3RD LINE
• STEMS EXTEND TO F ABOVE AND F BELOW
MEASURES, BAR LINES, AND DOUBLE BAR LINES
• MUSIC IS DIVIDED INTO EQUAL PARTS CALLED MEASURES
• MEASURES ARE DIVIDED BY BAR LINES
• A DOUBLE BAR LINE IS WRITTEN AT THE END OF A PIECE OF MUSIC
REST VALUES
• THE DURATION OF MUSICAL SILENCE IS DETERMINED BY THE VALUE OF THE REST
Whole Rest
4 beats in 4/4 time
Half Rest
2 beats in 4/4 time
Quarter Rest
1 beat in 4/4 time
UNIT THREE
TIME SIGNATURES
• TIME SIGNATURES APPEAR AT THE BEGINNING OF THE MUSIC AFTER THE CLEF SIGN.
TEMPO MARKS
• LARGO: VERY SLOW
• ADAGIO: SLOW
• ANDANTE: MOVING ALONG (WALKING SPEED)
• MODERATO: MODERATELY
• ALLEGRO: QUICKLY, CHEERFULLY
• VIVACE: LIVELY AND FAST
TIES & SLURS
TIES
• JOINS TWO NOTES OF THE SAME PITCH
• NO BREAK IN SOUND
SLURS
• SMOOTHLY CONNECTS TWO OR MORE
NOTES OF DIFFERENT PITCHES
• NO BREAK IN SOUND