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Anatomy & Physiology Semester I Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. What is anatomy and physiology? What is homeostasis? List the levels of organization of the body (of living organisms) in order. List several examples of organelles. What is a negative feedback loop? … A positive feedback loop. … with examples. Understand nitrogen base pairings for DNA as well as for RNA. What is the basic unit of structure and function in the human body? Which organelle produces ATP? Know the steps of mitosis in order and what occurs at each step. What is another word for tumor? DNA replication occurs during which phase of cell growth? Define codon and anticodon. What occurs during glycolysis? Where does it take place? What is the function of oxygen during aerobic respiration? List the most abundant and widespread tissue in the body. Know the different germ layers and which tissues derive from each layer. Blood is which type of tissue? What are the functions of epithelial tissue? What type of tissue makes up the skin? What are the different functions of connective tissue? Define osteoblast, osteoclast, and osteocytes. What is a neuron? Which cells are found in cartilage? List the characteristics of skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle. Write the formula for cellular respiration. List the functions of the skin. What is the hypodermis? Its function? Where in the body will you find thick skin? Which muscles causes goose pimples to occur? List the functions of the surface film found on the skin. What structure controls our body’s temperature? What does our body do to conserve heat? To disperse heat? Know how to differentiate the different degrees of burns. Know the different parts of a bone. List the major functions of bones. What is the osteon? Its function? What is the function of the epiphyseal plate? At what age does bone loss begin to exceed bone gain? What is the epiphysis? Its function? Know the functions of the different microscopic structures within bone. Identify the different types of fractures. What is the most common type of skeletal tissue tumor? What is the most common malignant tumor in skeletal tissue? Know the different bones of the skull and the skeleton as well as their different structures and their anatomical relationships to each other. 45. Know the different types of joints in relation to their functional classification. 46. Know the different muscles in tables 10-1 through 10-10 (refer to the muscle list previously provided on my website). Know the name, origin, insertion, and function of the muscles.