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Transcript
Name________________________________________________________________Date__________
GENETICS STUDY GUIDE
I.
History of Genetics
a. Gregor Mendel- Pea plants
i. Self Fertilization
ii. Cross Pollination
iii. 3 Laws
1. Law of Dominance
2. Law of Segregation
3. Law of Independent Assortment
II.
Genetic Terminology
a. Heredity
b. Gene
c. Allele
i. Dominant/Recessive
d. Homozygous (Pure) /Heterozygous (hybrid)
e. Genotype/Phenotype
III.
Crosses
a. Monohybrids
i. Genotypic Ratio
ii. Phenotypic Ratio
b. Dihybrids
IV.
Patterns of Inheritance
a. Simple Dominance
b. Incomplete Dominance
c. Codominance
d. Mutliple Alleles
i. Blood Typing
e. Sex-linked traits
V.
Genetic Disorders (general explanation of each)
a. Albinism
b. Color Blindness
c. Hemophelia
d. Achondroplasia
e. Huntington’s Disease
f. Tay-Sachs
g. Galactosemia
h. Cystic Fibrosis
i. Sickle Cell Anemia
VI.
Pedigrees
a. Be able to fill out genotypes for a pedigree