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• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Section 4: The Glory that Was Greece LEQ: How did Greek thinkers, artist, and writers explore the nature of the universe and people’s place in it? Vocab • Philosopher • Logic • Rhetoric • Socrates • Plato • Aristotle • Parthenon • Tragedy • Comedy • Herodotus Philosophers: Lovers of Wisdom Greek thinkers challenged the belief that events were caused by the whims of gods Debating Morality and Ethics • Debated such questions as what was the best kind of government and what standards should rule human behavior • Questioned accepted ideas • Success was more important than moral truth Socrates Questions Tradition • Socratic Method • Pose a series of questions to a student and challenge them to examine the implications of their answers Plato Envisions a Perfect Society • Emphasized the importance of reason • Author of The Republic • Rejected Athenian democracy • Argued that the state should regulate every aspect of its citizens’ lives • Philosophers: Lovers of Wisdom Aristotle Pursues the Golden Mean • Favored rule by a single strong and virtuous leader • Check Point Think About it? Why might some philosophers'’ ideas be a threat to Greek tradition? Idealism in Art and Literature Monumental Architecture • Parthenon: Temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena Artist Craft Lifelike Human Form • Showed human beings in their most perfect, graceful form Think about it… • Can you think of an example of architecture in the US that was heavily influenced by the Greek style of architecture? Greek Literature One of the Greeks greatest contributions to literature was the Greek tragedy: plays that told stories of human suffering that usually ended in disaster • Questioned many accepted ideas of the day Others wrote comedies: humorous plays that mocked people or customs • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Criticized society Connection… • Are tragedies and comedy used the same today as they were in ancient Greece? Recording Events as History Herodotus is known as the Father of history • He went beyond simply listing names and retelling ancient legends and tried to collect information from witnesses Section 5: Alexander and the Hellenistic Age LEQ: How did Alexander the Great expand his empire and spread Greek culture throughout the realm? Vocab • Alexander the Great • Philip II • Assassination • Assimilate • Alexandria • Pythagoras • Heliocentric • Archimedes • Hippocrates The Empire of Alexander the Great Philip II (ruler of Macedonia) conquered Greece (359 BC) • Dreamed of conquering the Persian Empire as well After his assassination, his son, Alexander, takes over and takes over Persia and advances into India The Legacy of Alexander Cultures Combine • Local people assimilated Greek ideas and the Greek settlers adopted local cultures • Known as the Hellenistic Age The heart of the Hellenistic Age was in the capital Alexandria Women gained more rights Hellenistic Arts and Sciences New Philosophies • Stoics preached that all people were morally equal Advances in Math and Astronomy • Pythagoras created the Pythagorean theory • Aristarchus argued the theory of a heliocentric or sun centered solar system • Archimedes applied principles of physics to make practical inventions Medicine • Hippocrates studied the causes of illnesses and looked for cures ?