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Transcript
The End of WW2
name:
Terms
• __________________ – city in Germany where Nazi war crimes trials were held
• United Nations (UN) –
__________________________________________________________________
• ____________________ – state of tension and hostility between the United States
and its allies and the Soviet Union and its allies; rarely resulted in direct armed
conflict
• _________________________ – the policy of limiting communism to the areas
already under Soviet control
• Marshall Plan –
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• _____________________________________________ (NATO) –
a military alliance among several North Atlantic states to safeguard them from the
presumed threat of the Soviet Union’s communist bloc
• Warsaw Pact –
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
What issues arose in the aftermath of World War II and how did new tensions
develop?
As many as ________________________ had been killed in World War II. After it
ended, the Allies faced difficult decisions about the future.
The
________________________________________________________________________
________. The U.S. Marshall Plan offered aid in rebuilding Europe. But the Soviet
Union and the West quickly developed into worldwide rivals—the beginning of the
________________________
In 1945,
________________________________________________________________________
and other countries were in ruins.
• Cities, factories, harbors, bridges, and railroads were destroyed.
• More than twenty million refugees ________________________________
• __________________________________________________ were rampant.
The Allies ____________________________________________________.
After the war, the horrors committed by the ________________________ became
apparent to the world.
• The full extent of the inhumanity of the Holocaust was revealed.
• At the ______________________________________, a number of Nazi leaders
were tried for war crimes and sentenced to death. Similar trials were held in
Japan.
• The Allies built new democratic governments in
________________________________________ to promote tolerance and peace.
The __________________________________ was another attempt to promote peace.
• In April 1945, delegates from ___________ met to form a
____________________________________________
•
Each nation had one vote. However, the five permanent members of the Security
Council—the
__________________________________________________________________
_____________________—could veto any decision.
•
The UN was given the authority to back up its resolutions with economic
sanctions or ________________________________________________.
________________________________________________________________________
____________ between the former Allies.
The United States and Britain wanted Stalin to
____________________________________________ in Soviet-occupied Eastern
Europe.
Stalin ignored his promise. He wanted to ___________________________ and make
Eastern Europe a buffer against Germany.
Conflicting ideologies and ______________________________ soon led to
____________________________.
By 1948, _______________________________________________________________,
backed by the Red Army.
New conflicts developed outside of Eastern Europe. Stalin was menacing
_______________, and also ____________________ in the Dardanelles.
President Harry Truman set forth the _____________________________________. This
policy said that communism should be limited to the areas already under Soviet control.
The United States helped
____________________________________________________ in Western Europe.
•
The ________________________________________________________ to
decimated countries.
•
•
Truman hoped the Marshall Plan would
___________________________________________________________.
Stalin refused the aid and forbade Eastern European countries to accept aid.
Germany became a focus of the Cold War.
• Western Allies united their zones of control and
_______________________________.
• The _________________________________________ to rebuild the German
economy.
• Stalin held on to East Germany.
• In an effort to drive Western powers out of Berlin, Stalin
___________________________________ to the parts of the city they controlled
in June 1948.
• The United States and Britain organized the ______________________ to drop
food and supplies into West Berlin.
• After more than a year, __________________________________________
As tensions grew, ________________________________________ took shape.
Twelve countries, including the United States and nations in Western Europe, formed
_______________. Members pledged to
_____________________________________________________________
The Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe formed the
_________________________. The Soviets often used Warsaw Pact troops to keep its
satellites in order.
NATO Countires:
Warsaw pact Countries:
-