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Transcript

College of Science Department of Physics ____________________________________________________________________ Course Code: PHYS 2101 Course Title: General Physics I General Information Number of Credits: 4 Instructional Format: This course has 3 components: lecture (3 hours per week), tutorial and laboratory. There are 6 tutorial sessions and 6 laboratory sessions, 3 hours per session. Contact Hours/Week: 6 Prerequisite: Foundation math Co-requisite: Assessment: 10 % Lab 10 % Quiz 20 % Test1 20 % Test 2 40 % Final Grading (A–F, Pass/Fail): The course is graded A-F. Textbook: Physics: Principles with Application by Giancoli, 6th ed (Pearson Education International) 1. Course Description This course is the first in two-semester series of algebra based general physics course at the introductory college level. The primary emphasis is on learning physical principles and on development of problem solving ability, rather than on specialized applications. The topics to be covered are kinematics, dynamics, rotational motion, energy, momentum, fluids, statics and oscillations. 2. Course Objectives On successful completion of the course, the student will be able to explain physical phenomena based on the general concepts and to use general principles of physics in solving problems in electricity, magnetism and thermal physics. The student will also develop skills to use experimental apparatus to perform simple experiments related to the course content. 3. Learning Outcomes a) Knowledge: Understand each of the following and be able to demonstrate their understanding in problem applications as well as in conceptual situations: displacement, velocity and acceleration; components of vectors and 2D projectile motion; Newton’s laws; centripetal force and acceleration; work, potential and kinetic energies, conservation of energy, power; momentum, external and internal forces, conservation of momentum in 1D and 2D situations, center of mass; angular displacement, angular velocity and acceleration, torque, moment of inertia, angular momentum and its conservation; balancing forces and torques, elastic properties; pressure, Pascal’s principle, Archemidis’ principle, continuity equation, Bernoulli’s equation; springs motion, pendulum oscillations. b) Skills: Use physical principles to explain the working of simple dynamical systems and processes. Analyse problems into components and treat each component using the relevant physical laws. Assess the use of different principles and approaches in solutions of the problems in linear and rotational motions. Experience applications of dynamics and kinematics in common real-life situations. In the laboratory students learn how to operate simple experiments, take data, and draw a simple linear graph in order to measure its slope. c) Attitudes: The student gains partial first-hand experience in adopting scientific approach of questioning and reasoning. The student learns that the physical world can be understood through a set of a few physical rules and principles. The student grasps that physics is not just a set of mathematical equations. The equations and the associated quantities have meaning and significance. 4. Course Structure The course is designed to be delivered in one semester of 15 weeks with 6 contact hours per week (3 hours lecture, 3 hours either a tutorial or a lab session). The course weight is 4 credit hours. 5. Topics Unit Topics 2 Describing Motion: Kinematics in One Dimension 3 Kinematics in Two Dimensions: Vectors 4 Dynamics: Newton’s Laws of Motion Sections Reference Frames and Displacement Average Velocity Instantaneous Velocity Acceleration Motion at Constant Acceleration Solving Problems Falling Objects Graphical Analysis of Linear Motion Vectors and Scalars Addition of Vectors—Graphical Methods Subtraction of Vectors, and Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar Adding Vectors by Components Projectile Motion Solving Problems Involving Projectile Motion Force Newton's First Law of Motion Mass Newton's Second Law of Motion Newton's Third Law of Motion Weight—the Force of Gravity; and the Normal Force Solving Problems with Newton’s Laws: Free-Body Weeks no 1-3 3-4 4-5 Diagrams Applications Involving Friction, Inclines 5 Circular Motion; Gravitation 6 Work and Energy 7 Linear Momentum Kinematics of Uniform Circular Motion Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion Highway Curves, Unbanked Nonuniform Circular Motion Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation Gravity Near the Earth’s Surface Satellites and Weightlessness Work Done by a Constant Force Kinetic Energy, and the Work-Energy Principle Potential Energy Conservative and Nonconservative Forces Mechanical Energy and Its Conservation Problem Solving Using Conservation of Mechanical Energy Energy Conservation with Dissipative Forces: Solving Problems Momentum and Its Relation to Force Conservation of Momentum Collisions and Impulse Conservation of Energy and Momentum in Collisions Elastic Collisions in One Dimension Inelastic Collisions Collisions in Two or Three Dimensions Center of Mass (CM) 8 Rotational Motion 9 Static Equilibrium; Elasticity and Fracture Angular Quantities Constant Angular Acceleration Rolling Motion (Without Slipping) Torque Rotational Dynamics; Torque and Rotational Inertia Solving Problems in Rotational Dynamics Rotational Kinetic Energy Angular Momentum and Its Conservation The Conditions for Equilibrium Solving Statics Problems Stability and Balance Elasticity; Stress and Strain Fracture 10 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal's Principle Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the Barometer Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle Fluids in Motion; Flow Rate and the Equation of Continuity Bernoulli's Equation 5-7 7-8 8-9 9-11 11-12 13-14 11 Vibrations and Waves Simple Harmonic Motion Energy in the Simple Harmonic Oscillator The Period and Sinusoidal Nature of SHM The Simple Pendulum 6. Lab/tutorial content Content Lab Lab1:Graph Plotting Lab 2: Measurement of Length and Density Lab 3: Free Fall Lab4: Hooke’s Law Lab 5: Simple Pendulum Lab6: Buoyant Force Content Tutorial Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4-5 Chapter 6-7 Chapter 8-9 Chapters 10-11 14-15