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Transcript
WS/FCS
Unit Planning Organizer
Subject(s)
Grade/Course
Unit of Study
Unit Title
Social Studies
Pacing
12 days (block)
Conceptual Lenses
American History 1
AH1 Unit 6: The Civil War and Reconstruction
“A House Divided”( 1850s-1877)
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Compromise
War
Crisis
Change
Nationalism/Sectionalism
Unit Overview
The sixth unit "A House Divided" is the final unit of American History I. In this unit students will
trace the cause of the Civil War and Reconstruction and its effects through the conceptual lenses
of Compromise, War, Crisis, Change, and Nationalism/ Sectionalism. This unit will focus on
events that led to the war, the economic, social, and political conflicts during the war, and the
effects of rebuilding the nation.
Road to the Civil War- After the Mexican American War, conflict over slavery threatened to tear
the country apart. National and states interests and rights divided the country. The Civil War occurred
because compromise was no longer seen as an option. Although the Wilmot Proviso failed, more intense
conflicts arose with the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. However it was the Dred
Scott decision that crystallized the opposition to slavery and polarized the country into political parties. The
US Constitution will be tested.
Civil War- The growing conflict over slavery and states’ rights divided the North and South. War
often necessitated a change in norms.
This War devastated its citizens and the environment. The political and economic foundations of
the country were unhinged. The United States identity was created in part by the Civil War crisis.
Reconstruction was the period during the United States began to rebuild from the devastating
the Civil War. The Reconstructions year lasted from 1865 to 1877, but the effects were long
lasting. A resolution to this war crisis brought about political, economic and social changes.
Unit Enduring Understanding(s)
 Conflicting national and sectional interests
may often to lead to crisis.
 The inability to compromise can lead to war.
 War has the ability to change society.
Unit Essential Question(s)
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Why do national and sectional interests lead to
crisis?
How can the inability to compromise lead to
war?
How does war have the ability to transform
society?
Essential State Standards
Priority Objectives
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AH1.H.4.1 Analyze the political issues and
conflicts that impacted the United States
through Reconstruction and the compromises
that resulted
AH1.H.7.1 Explain the impact of war on
American politics through Reconstruction
AH1.H.7.2 Explain the impact of wars on the
American economy through Reconstruction
AH1.H.7.3 Explain the impact of wars on
American society and culture through
Reconstruction
AH1.H.8.4 Analyze multiple perceptions of the
“American Dream” in times of prosperity and
crisis through Reconstruction
Supporting Objectives
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AHI.H.3.2 Explain how environmental factors
i nfluenced the patterns o f migration and
settlement withi n the U.S. before the Civil War
AH1.H.4.4 Analyze the cultural conflicts that
impacted the United States through
Reconstruction and the compromises that
resulted.
AH1.H.5.1 Summarize how the philosophical,
ideological and/or religious views on freedom
and equality contributed to the development of
American political and economic systems
through Reconstruction.
AH1.H.5.2 Explai n how judicial, legislative and
executi ve actions have affected the distribution
of power between levels of government from
colonization through Reconstruction
AH1.H.6.2 Explai n the reasons for i nvolvement
i n wars prior to Reconstruction and the
i nfluence each involvement had on
international affairs
AH1.H.8.2 Explai n how opportunity and
mobility impacted various groups within
American society through Reconstruction
AH1.H.8.3 Evaluate the extent to which a
variety of groups and i ndividuals have had
opportunity to attain their perception of the
“American Dream”
“Unpacked” Concepts
(students need to know)
“Unpacked” Skills
(students need to be able to do)
COGNITION
(RBT Level)
AH1.H.4.1
□
□
□
AH1.H.4.1
AH1.H.4.1
□
Analyze (impact of war on □
politics)
Political Factors
Conflicts
Compromises
AH1.H.7.1
□
□
Political Factors
Military Factors
AH1.H.7.1
□ Explain (impact of war on politics)
AH1.H.7.3
□ Understand
AH1.H.7.2
□
Economic Factors
AH1.H.7.2
□ Explain (impact of war on
economics)
AH1.H.7.2
□ Understand
AH1.H.7.3
□
□
Social Factors
Cultural Factors
AH1.H.8.4
□
□
perceptions
American Dream
AH1.H.7.3
□ Explain (impact of war on
social/cultural Factors
AH1.H.7.3
□ Understand
AH1.H.8.4
□
AH1.H.8.4
□
Analyze (impact of war on
social/cultural Factors
Analyze
Analyze
Unit
“Chunking”
& Enduring
Understandings
Road to the Civil War
National and states'
interests and rights
often divide a country.
War may occur due to
lack of compromise.
H
Essential Factual
Content
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War may effectively
impact the economic,
social, and political
control of a country.
War often necessitates
a change in norms.
C
&
G
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The Civil War Period
Suggested Lesson Essential
Questions
G
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Wilmot Proviso
Free Soil Party
Stephen Douglas
popular sovereignty
Compromise of
1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Underground
Railroad/Harriet
Tubman
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Kansas-Nebraska
Act
Bleeding Kansas
Brooks-Sumner
incident
Republican Party
Know-Nothing Party
nativism
Dred Scott decision
Lincoln-Douglas
Debates (including
Freeport Doctrine)
John Brown and
Harpers Ferry
Election of 1860
Crittenden
Compromise
Why did political compromises fail
in the 1850s?
Abraham Lincoln
Union
Confederate States
of America
Jefferson Davis
firing upon Ft.
Sumter
advantages and
disadvantages of
both sides
Anaconda plan
Confederate
strategy
What were the advantages and
disadvantages for the Union and
the Confederacy?
7.1,7.
2
During the Civil War, what internal
dissension and crises did the
Union face?
4.1,7.
1
How did the Civil War impact the
social life and economies of the
northern, southern, and western
7.2,
7.3
How did social and economic
issues in the 1850’s lead to civil
war?
How did slavery and the failure of
compromise contribute to the
beginning of the Civil War?
How was the United States Civil
War an “irrepressible conflict”?
4.1,7.
1
6.2,7.
2,
7.3
4.1,
7.1
6.2,8.
4
E
C
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Reconstruction
Period

Resolution of a crisis
often brings about
political, economic and
social change.

Resolution of a crisis
can bring positive and
negative results.
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
conscription
Raising revenue (i.e.
income tax, bonds)
writ of habeas
corpus
wartime politics (i.e.
Republican control
of government,
Copperheads,
Homestead Act,
Pacific Railway Act)
Key Battles (i.e.
First Battle of Bull
Run, Antietam,
Gettysburg,
Vicksburg, fall of
Atlanta)
Emancipation
Proclamation
role of African
Americans in the
war (i.e. 54th
Massachusetts)
Gettysburg Address
election of 1864
Appomattox Court
House
military leadership
(i.e. Ulysses Grant,
William Tecumseh
Sherman, Robert E.
Lee, Thomas
“Stonewall”
Jackson)
aspects of modern
warfare (i.e.
technology, total
war, war of attrition)
Andersonville
assassination
states?
Reconstruction
plans (i.e. Lincoln,
Wade-Davis Bill,
Johnson, Congress)
Military
Reconstruction
Ku Klux Klan
Black codes
Freedman’s Bureau
sharecropping
tenant farming
diminishing Northern
interest in
Reconstruction (i.e.
scandals such as
Credit Mobilíer,
How does the Civil War and
Reconstruction redefine the
relationship between national and
sectional power?
How did key battles change the
course of the Civil War?
7.1,7.
2, 8.2
How and to what extent were civil
liberties impacted by the Civil War?
To what extent was the Civil War a
“modern war?”
How, why, and to what extent did
Lincoln expand executive power
during war?
To what extent did Presidential and
Congressional Reconstruction
plans succeed?
How did Reconstruction impact
African Americans and poor
Southern whites politically, socially
7.1,
7.2
7.1,
5.2
4.2,
6.2
7.1
7.1,7.
2,
7.3.
8.4
4.1,
4.2,
4.3,
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Panic of 1873)
carpetbagger
scalawags
Radical Republican
13th, 14th ,15th
Amendments
impeachment
(Tenure of Office
Act)
Civil Rights Act of
1866
Compromise of 1877
Solid South
poll tax/literacy test
Jim Crow
and economically?
What factors led to the end of
Reconstruction?
5.1,
6.2,
7.1,
7.2,
7.3
7.1,7.
2, 7.3
Sub Concepts
HISTORY
Change
War
Nationalism
GEOGRAPHY
Rural/urban
Resources
CIVICS &
GOVERNMENT
Power
Freedom
Authority
Historical Thinking and Geography Skill Resources
○ “Straight Ahead”
Historical Thinking
ECONOMICS
CULTURE
Needs/Wants
Scarcity
Resources
Values &
beliefs
Influence
Identity
□“Uphill”
∆“Mountainous”
Geography Skills
General Unit Resources
○ “Straight Ahead”
□“Uphill”
∆ “Mountainous”
○
Learn NC
Freedom: A History of US
http://www.shmoop.com/history/
http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/
Ken Burn’s Civil War
American Experience – Reconstruction
http://rubistar.4teachers.org/
http://www.hippocampus.org/
□
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/
Gettysburg Address
∆
Emancipation Proclamation
http://edsitement.neh.gov/
Photographs Matthew Brady
Andersonville (letters)
Brooks-Sumner Cartoon
“lost cause movement”…poetry, lit., etc.
John Brown cartoons
Dixie (song)
Battle Hymn of the Republic
The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down (music)
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Compare photos from Union to Confeds
Gettysburg (movie); The Killer Angels
Glory
Class of ‘61
Sectional addresses to Congress – Seward, Toombs
Seward (sectional address to Congress
.
Language Objective EXAMPLES