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Transcript
Cardiovascular System
Study Guide
Vocab:
Epicardium
Atrium
AV Valves
Systole
Coronary Arteries
Bypass Surgery
Arterioles
Ventricular Systole
Hypertension
Male Heart Rate
SA Node
Purkinje Fibers
P-wave
Tunica Intima
Myocardium
Ventricle
Semilunar Valves
Diastole
Angiogram
Chordae Tendineae
Venules
Early Diastole
Coronary Artery Disease
Female Heart Rate
AV Node
Tachycardia
QRS-complex
Tunica Media
Saccular Aneurysm
Endocardium
Aorta
Angina Pectoris
Cardiac Cycle
Angioplasty
Arteries
Capillaries
Heart Murmur
Systolic Pressure
Fetal Heart Rate
Bundle of His
Bradycardia
T-wave
Tunica Externa
Fusiform Aneurysm
a) Be able to list all 14 steps (in order) of blood flow through the heart and body.
b) Heart coverings and layers to the heart (p. 314 – 317)
c) Major coronary arteries (p. 318 – 319)
-Location
-Problems
-4 ways to fix them
d) Heart Valves (Atrialventricular vs. Semilunar) (p. 317 – 318)
-Structure
-Purpose
-Location
e) Cardiac Cycle (p. 322 – 323)
-Systole vs. Diastole
-Three phases to it and where is the blood moving
-Valves open vs. Valves closed
-Status of each chamber in each phase
f) What is Blood Pressure?
-Diastolic pressure vs. Systolic pressure
-Causes
-Know the numbers
g) How does the “Purkinje System” work? (p. 320 – 322)
-SA node
-AV node
-Bundle of HIS
-Bundle Branches
-Purkinje Fibers
Visceral Pericardium
Parietal Pericardium
Myocardial Infarction
Electrocardiogram
Surgical Stent
Veins
Mid-to-Late Diastole
Blood Pressure
Diastolic Pressure
Purkinje System
Bundle Branches
Fibrillation
Atherosclerosis
Aneurysm
h) Electrocardiograms (p. 321)
-Be able to label the following parts of an EKG. (P wave, QRS complex, T wave, 1complete cardiac cycle)
-What can we learn from reading one?
-Can you identify heart defects from reading one such as…
*Fibrillation, Bradycardia, Tachycardia,*
i) Circulatory system outside the heart (p. 325 – 327)
-Arteries, Arterioles, Capillaries, Venules, Veins
-Anatomy of a blood vessel
-Vein vs. Artery
j) Aneurysms
-Types
-Treatment
-Symptoms
k) Location of the major arteries and veins (p. 328 – 330)
-Be able to locate them by looking at a picture
Essential Questions from the unit you should be able to answer at a high level….
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
What is the basic anatomy of the human heart? (both internal and external)
How do the chambers of the heart work together to successfully complete a full cardiac cycle?
How do the valves and chambers work together on a functional human heart?
What are possible problems that can occur within the heart that can cause cardiac complications?
How do surgeons repair heart problems?
How do the electrical signals within the heart work?
How is blood pressure important in heart health and how can someone monitor and control their bp?
What are some seminaries and differences between arteries and veins?
Where do we find some of the larger veins and arteries in the human body?
Review Questions
Complete the following review questions and turn them in by Thursday morning to receive extra credit for the test
p. 348 – 349
Multiple Choice
(A question can have more than one answer)
1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 12
Short Answer
2, 5, 8 (not stroke volume though), 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 25,