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DGP Sentence 8 Notes and Hints
Sentence: james agee who wrote both poetry and nonfiction was born on november 27 1909 in
knoxville tennessee
Day 1/Monday-Parts of Speech
 A person, place, thing, or idea
A word that replaces a noun
A word that shows action (action verb)
o Example: She wrote a card.
A word that helps link a noun or pronoun to an adjective (linking verb)
o Example: English is exciting. The flower smells pretty.
A word that “helps” an action verb or linking verb (helping verb)
o Example: We have been taking notes all day. She will be cold today.
Modifies a noun using a, an, or the
Shows a relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence
Modifies adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs
Tells How? When? Where? To what extent?
not and never are always adverbs
yet can be an adverb or a coordinating conjunction depending on how it’s
being used
Verb that acts like an adjective
Ends in –ing or –ed or –en (or other past tense ending)
o She is a running fanatic.
o The ruined carpet cost them a lot of money to replace.
Joins two clauses
Different types:
o Coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
 yet can be an adverb or a coordinating conjunction depending
on how it’s being used
o Subordinating conjunctions (aka subordinators): starts adverbial
dependent clauses and therefore must be followed by a subject and
verb. (after, since, before, while, because, although, so that, if, when,
whenever, as, even though, until, unless, as if, etc.)
Expresses emotion but has no real connection with the rest of the sentence
Set apart from the sentence by a comma or exclamation point
to + verb
Can act like…
o a noun (ex: I like to eat.)
o an adjective (ex: It’s the best place to eat.)
o an adverb (ex: I need a pen to write a letter.)
6 Nouns (n)—two have multiple parts
1 Pronoun (pro)
3 Verbs (av or lv or hv; past or pres or fut)
2 Prepositions (prep)
1 Conjunction (coordinating or subordinating or correlative)
Day 2/Tuesday-Sentence Parts and Phrases
 The “who” or “what” of the verb
 What the subject is doing or being (the verb and its modifiers)
Prepositional Phrase
 Begins with the preposition
 Ends with object of the preposition
Object of the Preposition  The final word in a prepositional phrase (a noun or pronoun)
 It will NEVER be the subject of the sentence
Noun of Direct Address
 Person being spoken to in the sentence
2 Subjects (underline and label with “S”)
2 Predicates (double-underline and label with “P”)
2 Prepositional Phrases (put in parentheses and label with “prep ph”)
2 Objects of the Preposition (label with “obj prep”)
Day 3/Wednesday-Clauses and Sentence Types
Independent Clause
 Contains a subject and a verb
 Can stand on its own
Dependent Clause
 Begins with a subordinating conjunction/subordinator
 Has a subject or a verb/predicate
Simple Sentence
 One independent clause
Compound Sentence
 Two or more independent clauses
Complex Sentence
 Contains one or more dependent clauses and one independent clause
 Contains one or more dependent clauses and two or more independent
clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction + comma, or a semicolon
Interrogative Sentence  Asks a question and ends in a question mark
Declarative Sentence
 Declares a statement
Imperative Sentence
 Gives a command
Exclamatory Sentence
 Exclaims an idea with a lot of emotion
1 Independent Clauses (put in brackets and label “IC”)
1 Dependent Clause (underline and label “DC”)
Sentence Type (choose 1): Simple (s), Compound (cd), Complex (cx), Compound-Complex (cd-cx)
Sentence Purpose (choose 1): Interrogative (int), Imperative (imp), Declarative (dec),
Exclamatory (exc)
Day 4/Thursday-Punctuation and Capitalization
 Commas are needed to set off an adjectival dependent clause.
 A comma is needed between a date and a year.
 A comma is needed between a city and a state.
5 Capital Letters
4 Commas
1 Period
Friday-Quiz: Diagramming is optional for extra points!