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Transcript
Chapter7
This activity contains 50 questions.
The axial skeleton can be recognized because it:
includes the bones of the arms and legs
forms the longitudinal axis of the body
includes the bones of the pectoral and pelvic girdles
all of the above
The human skeleton contains:
206 bones
260 bones
126 bones
80 bones
Of the following selections, the one that includes bones found exclusively
in the axial skeleton is:
skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, hyoid
vertebrae, ischium, ilium, skull, ribs
ear ossicles, scapula, clavicle, sternum, hyoid
sacrum, ear ossicles, skull, scapula, ilium
The axial skeleton creates a framework that supports and protects organ
systems in the:
pleural cavity
pericardial cavity
abdominal cavity
dorsal and ventral body cavities
There are ________ cranial bones, _______ facial bones, _______ auditory
ossicles, and ______ hyoid.
8, 12, 6, 2
10, 14, 3, 1
8, 14, 6, 1
14, 8, 3, 1
Which of the following collections of bones includes ones that are unpaired
in the skull?
nasal and zygomatic
lacrimal and maxillary
parietal and temporal
occipital and frontal
The associated bones of the skull include the:
mandible and maxilla
hyoid and auditory ossicles
vomer and palatine
nasal and lacrimal
The sagittal suture joins:
the nasal bones to the frontal bone
the frontal and parietal bones
the temporal and zygomatic bones
the parietal bones to each other
The sutures that articulate the bones of the skull are:
calvaria, foramen, condyloid, lacerum
posterior, anterior, lateral, dorsal
lambdoidal, sagittal, coronal, squamosal
parietal, occipital, frontal, temporal
The bones that make up the eye socket or orbit include:
lacrimal, ethmoid, sphenoid
parietal, zygomatic, maxilla
temporal, frontal, sphenoid
ethmoid, temporal, zygomatic
Foramina, located on the bones of the skull, serve primarily as
passageways for:
airways and ducts for secretions
sound and sight
nerves and blood vessels
muscle fibers and nerve tissue
The lines, tubercles, crests, ridges, and other processes on the bones
represent areas which are used primarily for:
joint articulation
attachment of muscles to bones
increasing the surface area of the bone
attachment of bone to bone
The superior and middle nasal conchae can be found as a part of which
bone?
nasal
maxilla
lacrimal
sphenoid
ethmoid
The sinuses or internal chambers in the skull are found in:
ethmoid, frontal, lacrimal, maxillary bones
lacrimal, vomer, ethmoid, frontal bones
sphenoid, frontal, ethmoid, maxillary bones
sphenoid, ethmoid, vomer, lacrimal bones
The nasal complex consists of the:
maxilla, lacrimal, and ethmoidal concha
frontal, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones
inferior concha
all of the above
In which of the following groups does each bone contain a sinus?
nasal, ethmoid, sphenoid
frontal, sphenoid, occipital, temporal
frontal, maxillary, zygomatic, temporal
ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, maxillary
The mucus membrane of the paranasal sinuses responds to environmental
stress by:
breaking up air flow in the nasal cavity
accelerating the production of mucus
creating swirls and eddies in the sinuses
all of the above
The reason the skull can be distorted without damage during birth is:
fibrous connective tissue connects the cranial bones
fusion of the ossification centers is completed
shape and structure of the cranial elements are elastic
the brain is large enough to support the skull
In a warm climate, which fontanel might indicate dehydration in an infant?
mastoid
sphenoid
occipital
anterior
The most significant growth in the skull occurs before 5 years of age
because:
the ossification and articulation process is completed
the brain stops growing and cranial sutures develop
the cranium of a child is larger than that of an adult
brain development is incomplete until maturity
The primary spinal curves that appear late in fetal development:
help shift the trunk weight over the legs
become accentuated as the toddler learns to walk
accommodate the lumbar and cervical regions
accommodate the thoracic and abdominopelvic viscera
An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called:
amphiarthrosis
scoliosis
kyphosis
lordosis
Which of the following statements about the thoracic cage is FALSE?
The false ribs are also known as vertebrochondral ribs.
Depressing the ribs causes a decrease in the volume of the thoracic
cavity.
The costal cartilages allow increased flexibility in the ribs, such that
the ribs can bend and move to cushion shocks or absorb some
blows.
The sternum does not ossify until an individual reaches 30 years of
age.
The largest and most massive of the vertebrae are the:
thoracic
lumbar
sacral
cervical
Of the following, which correctly identifies the sequence of the vertebrae
from superior to inferior?
thoracic, cervical, lumbar, coccyx, sacrum
cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacrum, coccyx
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
cervical, thoracic, sacrum, lumbar, coccyx
Which of the following is NOT likely to cause kyphosis?
chronic contraction of muscles that insert on the vertebrae
osteoporosis with compression fractures affecting the anterior
portions of the vertebral bodies
abnormal vertebral growth
abdominal obesity causing an exaggeration of the lumbar curvature
C1 and C2 have specific names, which are the:
atlas and axis
atlas and coccyx
sacrum and coccyx
cervical and costal
The sacrum consists of five fused elements that afford protection for:
urinary, respiratory, and digestive organs
reproductive, digestive, and excretory organs
endocrine, respiratory, and urinary organs
respiratory, reproductive, and endocrine organs
The primary purpose of the coccyx is to provide:
an attachment site for a muscle that closes the anal opening
protection for the anal opening
an attachment site for leg muscles
protection for the urinary organs
The first seven pairs of ribs are called true ribs, while the lower five pairs
are called false ribs because:
they do not attach directly to the sternum
they differ in shape from the true ribs
the fused cartilages merge with the costal cartilage
they do not attach directly to the vertebrae
The skeleton of the chest or thorax consists of:
cervical vertebrae, ribs, sternum
cervical vertebrae, ribs, thoracic vertebrae
cervical vertebrae, ribs, pectoral girdle
thoracic vertebrae, ribs, sternum
The three components of the adult sternum are the:
pneumothorax, hemothorax, tuberculum
head, capitulum, tuberculum
angle, body, shaft
manubrium, body, xiphoid process
Brain growth, skull growth, and completed cranial suture development
occur:
before birth
before age 5
between ages 5 and 10
right after birth
The area of the greatest degree of flexibility along the vertebral column is
found from:
T1–T6
T7–T12
L1–L5
C3–C7
After a hard fall, compression fractures or compression/dislocation
fractures most often involve the:
sacrum and coccyx
first two cervical vertebrae
last thoracic and first two lumbar vertebrae
fifth lumbar and sacrum
Intervertebral discs are found between all the vertebrae except between:
L5 and the sacrum
the sacrum and coccyx
C1 and C2 and the sacrum and coccyx
C1 and T1, T12 and L1, and the sacrum and coccyx
The intervertebral foramina:
allow a vertebra to articulate with the vertebrae directly superior
and inferior
provide a point of attachment for the ligamentum nuchae
permit the passageway of nerves to and from the spinal cord
reduce friction by serving as cushioning between the vertebral
bodies
The skull articulates with the vertebral column at the:
C1 and C2
lambdoidal sutures
occipital condyles
foramen magnum
The long framework of the sphenoid bone that houses the pituitary gland is
the:
crista galli
sella turcica
frontal squama
styloid process
The growth of the cranium is usually associated with:
the expansion of the brain
the closure of the sutures
the development of the fontanels
the time of birth
Beginning at the superior end of the vertebral canal and proceeding
inferiorly:
the diameter of the cord and the size of the neural arch decrease
the diameter of the cord decreases and the size of the neural arch
increases
the diameter of the cord and the size of the neural arch increase
the diameter of the cord increases and the size of the neural arch
decreases
The vertebrae that are directly articulated with the ribs are:
thoracic only
thoracic and lumbar
cervical only
cervical and thoracic
The head of a rib articulates at:
the body of the vertebrae
body of the sternum
the transverse process of the vertebrae
the costal cartilage
Joey feels the bones of his vertebral column under his skin as he runs his
fingers along his back. What part of a vertebral bone is he actually feeling?
transverse foramina
transverse process
body
superior and inferior articulating facets
spinous process
The bones that conduct sound vibrations from the tympanum to the inner
ear are the:
lacrimal bones
auditory ossicles
occipital condyles
maxillae
A diagnosis of lordosis indicates what spinal condition?
swayback
osteoporosis
lateral curvature
round back
TMJ syndrome is a misalignment of the _______ at the
temporomandibular joint.
maxillary bone
spinous process
sphenoid bone
mandible
On examination of a vertebral bone, you notice not only that it contains a
vertebral foramen but also that two foramina are in the transverse processes
of the vertebrae. This bone comes from which portion of the vertebral
column?
cervical
thoracic
sacral
lumbar
The parietal bone is located in the:
thoracic cage
sacrum
cranium
inner ear
The foramen magnum connects the ______ with the ______.
nasal cavity, lacrimal fossa
cranial cavity, spinal cavity
occipital bone, temporal bone
hypoglossal nerves, cranial nerves
Chapter 8:
This activity contains 50 questions.
The clavicles articulate with a bone of the sternum called the:
manubrium
deltoideus
xiphoid process
scapula
The surfaces of the scapulae and clavicles are extremely important as sites
for:
nourishment of muscles and bones
muscle attachment
positions of nerves and blood vessels
support and flexibility
The spine of the scapula is located on the bone's ______ side.
lateral
posterior
anterior
medial
The bones of the pectoral girdle include the:
ulna and radius
clavicle and scapula
ilium and ischium
humerus and scapula
The olecranon fossa on the humerus is located on the bone's ______ side.
anterior
medial
posterior
lateral
In a female, the angle at pubic symphysis is greater than ____.
90 degrees
25 degrees
75 degrees
50 degrees
The bone of the ankle that is just posterior to the medial cuneiform is
called the:
posterior cuneiform
talus
navicular bone
posterior phalanx
The bones of the pelvic girdle include the:
ilium, ischium, and acetabulum
tibia and fibula
ilium, pubis, and ischium
coxa, patella, and acetabulum
The primary function of the pectoral girdle is to:
support and maintain the position of the skull
position the shoulder joint and provide a base for arm movement
protect the organs of the thorax
provide areas for articulation with the vertebral column
The malleolus of the fibula is always on the ______ aspect of the leg.
medial
anterior
lateral
posterior
The large medial bone of the lower leg is the:
fibula
humerus
tibia
femur
A prominent deviation that runs along the center of the posterior surface of
the femur, which serves as an attachment site for muscles that abduct the
femur, is the:
linea aspera
trochanteric crest
trochanteric lines
greater trochanter
The general appearance of the pelvis of the female compared with the male
is that the female pelvis is:
relatively deep
heart shaped
broad, light, and smooth
robust, heavy, and rough
In the female pelvis, you would expect the iliac crests to be _______.
closer together than in the male pelvis
the same distance apart as in the male pelvis
further apart than in the male pelvis
much closer together than in the male pelvis
The sacrum and the coccyx are curved in:
neither the male nor the female pelvis
the male pelvis
the female pelvis
both the male and female pelvis
When you sit down, you are resting your weight on your:
obturator foramen
ischial tuberosities
iliac crests
all of the above
On the clavicle, the ______ articulates with the manubrium.
sternal end
conoid tubercle
acromial end
coracoid process
Which of the following is (are) used in determining the age of a skeleton?
the size and roughness of bone markings
the presence or absence of epiphyseal plates
the mineral content of the bones
all of the above
The unique compromise of the articulations in the appendicular skeleton is:
the weaker the joint, the more restricted the range of motion
the stronger the joint, the less restricted the range of motion
the strength of the joint and range of motion are unrelated
the stronger the joint, the more restricted the range of motion
What is the longest and heaviest bone in the body?
os coxae
humerus
tibia
femur
In a shoulder separation:
the muscles attached to the clavicle and scapula are torn
the clavicle and the scapula separate
the acromioclavicular joint undergoes partial or complete
dislocation
the head of the femur separates from the clavicle
The process on the humerus located near the head that establishes the
contour of the shoulder is the:
lateral epicondyle
deltoid tuberosity
greater tubercle
intertubercular groove
What bone articulates, or forms a joint, with the acetabulum?
humerus
femur
pubis
tibia
The distal carpals are:
trapezium, scaphoid, trapezoid, and lunate
trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate
scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform
scaphoid, capitate, triquetral, and hamate
Structures found in synovial joints that reduce friction where large muscles
and tendons pass across the joint capsule are referred to as:
the joint capsule
bursae
capsular ligaments
articular condyles
The largest carpal bone in the hand is the:
trapezoid
capitate
hamate
trapezium
The only bone in the ankle that articulates with the tibia and the fibula is
the:
talus
calcaneus
navicular
cuboid
Severe fractures of the femoral neck have the highest complication rate of
any fracture because:
the blood supply to the region is relatively limited
of the thickness and length of the bone
of the restrictions imposed by ligaments and capsular fibers
primary limits are imposed by the surrounding muscles
A complete dislocation of the knee is extremely unlikely because of:
the pair of cartilaginous pads that surround the knee
the presence of bursae that serve to reduce friction
the seven major ligaments that stabilize the knee joint
the presence of the medial and lateral menisci
The head of the ulna is located _____ to the ulnar tuberosity.
medial
superior
lateral
distal
The reason opposition CANNOT occur between the hallux (first toe) and
the first metatarsal is:
the articulation is a hinge rather than a saddle joint
the articulation is a gliding diarthrosis
the articulation is a saddle rather than a hinge joint
the articulation is like a ball-and-socket joint
When a ligament is stretched to the point where some of the collagen fibers
are torn, the injury is called a:
sprain
dancer's fracture
dislocation
strain
The small pea-shaped pisiform bone sits anterior to the ______ bone.
trapezoid
scaphoid
lunate
triquetrum
The bone that provides the only fixed support for the pectoral girdle is the:
clavicle
pelvis
acetabulum
scapula
At its proximal end, the round head of the humerus articulates with the:
radius
scapula
clavicle
ulna
The bone that forms the medial support of the forearm is the:
ulna
scapula
humerus
radius
The bones that form the palm of the hand are the:
phalanges
carpals
metacarpals
metatarsals
Which of the following statements about the pelvis is (are) true?
It encloses the pelvic cavity.
The arcuate line marks its superior border.
The boney edge of the true pelvis is called the pelvic brim.
all of the above
Which of the following statements about the skeleton of a male is true?
The general appearance of the bones is smoother.
The skull is smaller.
Bone markings are less prominent.
The pelvic inlet is in a heart shape.
What type of movement can be performed at the proximal radioulnar
articulation?
flexion
rotational
extension
none of the above
The structural characteristics of the pectoral girdle that allow for a great
deal of movement are:
strong ligaments that cross the joint
heavy bones
that it is a relatively weak joint
just the first and second answers above
all of the above
The fovea capitis is a depression in:
a rib
the tibia
the humerus
the femoral head
The large heel bone that transfers your body weight to the ground is the:
cuboid
talus
metatarsal
calcaneus
The pollex is the:
elbow
big toe
thumb
heel bone
The procedure that uses fiber optics to explore the inside of a joint through
a small incision is:
colposcopy
arthroscopy
osteotomy
angiography
The lumbar spine meets the pelvic girdle at the:
coccyx
sacrum
pubic symphysis
os coxae
The distal processes of the tibia and fibula that act as a shield for the ankle
are the:
eminence
malleolus
lateral condyle
head
Carpal tunnel syndrome is an inflammation of the:
elbow
ankle
wrist
knee
The coracoid process and acromion are parts of the:
sacrum
scapula
pelvic girdle
ankle
When a person fractures the fibula, walking becomes difficult because:
the fibula creates the medial aspect of the ankle joint.
the fibula is part of the knee joint and transfers weight to the ankle
joint.
the fibula provides lateral stability to the ankle joint.
both the first and second answers above
Chapter9
This activity contains 50 questions.
The clavicles articulate with a bone of the sternum called the:
manubrium
deltoideus
xiphoid process
scapula
The surfaces of the scapulae and clavicles are extremely important as sites
for:
nourishment of muscles and bones
muscle attachment
positions of nerves and blood vessels
support and flexibility
The spine of the scapula is located on the bone's ______ side.
lateral
posterior
anterior
medial
The bones of the pectoral girdle include the:
ulna and radius
clavicle and scapula
ilium and ischium
humerus and scapula
The olecranon fossa on the humerus is located on the bone's ______ side.
anterior
medial
posterior
lateral
In a female, the angle at pubic symphysis is greater than ____.
90 degrees
25 degrees
75 degrees
50 degrees
The bone of the ankle that is just posterior to the medial cuneiform is
called the:
posterior cuneiform
talus
navicular bone
posterior phalanx
The bones of the pelvic girdle include the:
ilium, ischium, and acetabulum
tibia and fibula
ilium, pubis, and ischium
coxa, patella, and acetabulum
The primary function of the pectoral girdle is to:
support and maintain the position of the skull
position the shoulder joint and provide a base for arm movement
protect the organs of the thorax
provide areas for articulation with the vertebral column
The malleolus of the fibula is always on the ______ aspect of the leg.
medial
anterior
lateral
posterior
The large medial bone of the lower leg is the:
fibula
humerus
tibia
femur
A prominent deviation that runs along the center of the posterior surface of
the femur, which serves as an attachment site for muscles that abduct the
femur, is the:
linea aspera
trochanteric crest
trochanteric lines
greater trochanter
The general appearance of the pelvis of the female compared with the male
is that the female pelvis is:
relatively deep
heart shaped
broad, light, and smooth
robust, heavy, and rough
In the female pelvis, you would expect the iliac crests to be _______.
closer together than in the male pelvis
the same distance apart as in the male pelvis
further apart than in the male pelvis
much closer together than in the male pelvis
The sacrum and the coccyx are curved in:
neither the male nor the female pelvis
the male pelvis
the female pelvis
both the male and female pelvis
When you sit down, you are resting your weight on your:
obturator foramen
ischial tuberosities
iliac crests
all of the above
On the clavicle, the ______ articulates with the manubrium.
sternal end
conoid tubercle
acromial end
coracoid process
Which of the following is (are) used in determining the age of a skeleton?
the size and roughness of bone markings
the presence or absence of epiphyseal plates
the mineral content of the bones
all of the above
The unique compromise of the articulations in the appendicular skeleton is:
the weaker the joint, the more restricted the range of motion
the stronger the joint, the less restricted the range of motion
the strength of the joint and range of motion are unrelated
the stronger the joint, the more restricted the range of motion
What is the longest and heaviest bone in the body?
os coxae
humerus
tibia
femur
In a shoulder separation:
the muscles attached to the clavicle and scapula are torn
the clavicle and the scapula separate
the acromioclavicular joint undergoes partial or complete
dislocation
the head of the femur separates from the clavicle
The process on the humerus located near the head that establishes the
contour of the shoulder is the:
lateral epicondyle
deltoid tuberosity
greater tubercle
intertubercular groove
What bone articulates, or forms a joint, with the acetabulum?
humerus
femur
pubis
tibia
The distal carpals are:
trapezium, scaphoid, trapezoid, and lunate
trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate
scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform
scaphoid, capitate, triquetral, and hamate
Structures found in synovial joints that reduce friction where large muscles
and tendons pass across the joint capsule are referred to as:
the joint capsule
bursae
capsular ligaments
articular condyles
The largest carpal bone in the hand is the:
trapezoid
capitate
hamate
trapezium
The only bone in the ankle that articulates with the tibia and the fibula is
the:
talus
calcaneus
navicular
cuboid
Severe fractures of the femoral neck have the highest complication rate of
any fracture because:
the blood supply to the region is relatively limited
of the thickness and length of the bone
of the restrictions imposed by ligaments and capsular fibers
primary limits are imposed by the surrounding muscles
A complete dislocation of the knee is extremely unlikely because of:
the pair of cartilaginous pads that surround the knee
the presence of bursae that serve to reduce friction
the seven major ligaments that stabilize the knee joint
the presence of the medial and lateral menisci
The head of the ulna is located _____ to the ulnar tuberosity.
medial
superior
lateral
distal
The reason opposition CANNOT occur between the hallux (first toe) and
the first metatarsal is:
the articulation is a hinge rather than a saddle joint
the articulation is a gliding diarthrosis
the articulation is a saddle rather than a hinge joint
the articulation is like a ball-and-socket joint
When a ligament is stretched to the point where some of the collagen fibers
are torn, the injury is called a:
sprain
dancer's fracture
dislocation
strain
The small pea-shaped pisiform bone sits anterior to the ______ bone.
trapezoid
scaphoid
lunate
triquetrum
The bone that provides the only fixed support for the pectoral girdle is the:
clavicle
pelvis
acetabulum
scapula
At its proximal end, the round head of the humerus articulates with the:
radius
scapula
clavicle
ulna
The bone that forms the medial support of the forearm is the:
ulna
scapula
humerus
radius
The bones that form the palm of the hand are the:
phalanges
carpals
metacarpals
metatarsals
Which of the following statements about the pelvis is (are) true?
It encloses the pelvic cavity.
The arcuate line marks its superior border.
The boney edge of the true pelvis is called the pelvic brim.
all of the above
Which of the following statements about the skeleton of a male is true?
The general appearance of the bones is smoother.
The skull is smaller.
Bone markings are less prominent.
The pelvic inlet is in a heart shape.
What type of movement can be performed at the proximal radioulnar
articulation?
flexion
rotational
extension
none of the above
The structural characteristics of the pectoral girdle that allow for a great
deal of movement are:
strong ligaments that cross the joint
heavy bones
that it is a relatively weak joint
just the first and second answers above
all of the above
The fovea capitis is a depression in:
a rib
the tibia
the humerus
the femoral head
The large heel bone that transfers your body weight to the ground is the:
cuboid
talus
metatarsal
calcaneus
The pollex is the:
elbow
big toe
thumb
heel bone
The procedure that uses fiber optics to explore the inside of a joint through
a small incision is:
colposcopy
arthroscopy
osteotomy
angiography
The lumbar spine meets the pelvic girdle at the:
coccyx
sacrum
pubic symphysis
os coxae
The distal processes of the tibia and fibula that act as a shield for the ankle
are the:
eminence
malleolus
lateral condyle
head
Carpal tunnel syndrome is an inflammation of the:
elbow
ankle
wrist
knee
The coracoid process and acromion are parts of the:
sacrum
scapula
pelvic girdle
ankle
When a person fractures the fibula, walking becomes difficult because:
the fibula creates the medial aspect of the ankle joint.
the fibula is part of the knee joint and transfers weight to the ankle
joint.
the fibula provides lateral stability to the ankle joint.
both the first and second answers above