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Transcript
Review Questions
Castles and Manors
A: These were large fortresses designed for the defense of a lord’s manor
A: This was a military blockade staged by enemy armies to capture a castle
A: This was a weapon that worked like a giant slingshot and propelled objects.
A: These people were bound to the land and could not lawfully leave the place
where they were born
A: These wee the majority of the Medieval population in Europe
A: This was a land grant given by a lord
A: This tract of land was considered the Lord’s estate?
A: In relation to the Middle Ages, this meant everything needed to live was
Provided for on the manor
Knights and Ladies
A: These were inventions that helped knights handle their horses in warfare
A: These were complex sets of ideals that knights followed
A: Under the code of Chivalry, the knight fought in defense of three masters. Who?
A: These were things done to a knight who disregarded the code of chivalry
A: These were mock battles that helped knights prepare for battle
A: These were poet-musicians that romanticized life during the M.A.
A: These were priviledges that MA noble women had
Lords and Vassals
A: These were persons receiving land grants and usually had obligations to meet to
an upper lord
A: This was a political and economic system based on mutual obligations
A: This person was a land owner who would give land grants in exchange for
Protection and other services.
Q: What is a Castle?
Q: What is a siege?
Q: What is a trebuchet?
Q: What is a Serf?
Q: Who were peasants
Q: What was a fief?
Q: What was a manor?
Q: What is self-sufficient?
Q: What is a saddle and stirrup?
Q: What is Chivalry?
Q: Who were the feudal lord, the heavenly lord and the chosen lady?
Q: Strip armor, crack his shield, cut spurs, break sword over head,
mock funeral
Q: What were tournaments?
Q: What is a Troubador?
Q: Respect and Admiration, inherit husband estate, send knights to war
Q: what was a vassal?
Q: What was the feudal system?
Q: Who was a Lord?
Church/God/Crusades
A: This was a payment made to the church that represented 10% of a persons income
A: These were the Catholic Church’s officials
Q: What is a Tithe?
Q: What is clergy?
Roman Empire Falls
A: Merchants faced invasion from both land and sea thus their businesses collapsed.
A: Cities were abandoned as centers of administration.
A: The population of Western Europe became mostly rural.
Q: What is Disruption of Trade?
Q: What is Downfall/Decline of Cities?
Q: What is Population Shift?
A: After Germanic invaders stormed Rome, few people except priests and other
church officials were literate.
A: In the Roman province of Gaul these Germanic people gained control.
A: This Frank leader brought Christianity his kingdom and created an allegiance
with the Catholic Church.
A: This person was the most powerful person in the kingdom.
A: After the fall of the Roman Empire, most of the former empire were fragmented
into these small domains.
A: His ability to build a great Frank empire by reuniting the Western Roman empire
got him the name “Charles the Great.”
A: The Vikings, the Muslims and the Magyars
Q: What is Decline of Learning?
Q: Who were the Franks?
Q: Who was Clovis?
Q: Who is the major domo?
Q: What are kingdoms?
Q. Who was Charlemagne?
Q: Who were the three major invaders in Western Europe between the
years 800 and 1000?
In a paragraph or two, discuss the ways in which feudalism during the Middle Ages functioned as a way to make an insecure life more secure.
Identify two important turning points in the struggle for power among the monarchy, the Church, and the nobility in medieval Europe. What happened, and whose power was increased at whose
expense?
What were some of the most important effects of the Bubonic Plague in Europe? List and explain at least three.
How did Germanic invasions to the Roman Empire lead to ruralization and feudalism in Europe?
In what way did Rome remain the center of Europe even after the fall of the Roman Empire?
By the end of the Middle Ages, who had won the struggle for power in Europe among the monarchy, the Church, and the nobility? How do you account for that group’s success?
What brought an end to the Age of Chivalry? Why did it have that effect?
Explain how trade and an increase in agriculture lead to the end of feudalism
What was anti-Semitism and how did affect a certain group in Medieval Europe?
What was vernacular and how did this affect how people looked at the Church and everyday life?
What role did the Catholic Church play in daily life during the Middle Ages?
Explain how technology helped in defeating an enemy. (explain some of the weapons used in offense and defense)
What were the effects of the fall of the Roman Empire? (list at least four)
Draw a visual graph of how the Feudal System worked
Group led by William the Conqueror in the conquest of England
Pope whose call for action resulted in the First Crusade
Muslim leader who recovered and held Jerusalem during the Crusades
King who left the throne of England in the control of others while he fought in a Crusade
Prosperous medieval merchants and craftspeople
Men who studied together at medieval universities
Legislative body of medieval England
Group that preserved in libraries the writings of the ancient Greeks