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Classical and Medieval Europe Study Guide
1. ___Serf__ - peasant laborer
2. ___Guild_ -worker’s organization during the Middle Ages
3. ___Charter_ - written agreement guaranteeing privileges and freedoms
4. __Manor___ - large feudal estate and basic economic unit
5. _Feudalism__ - medieval political and social system based on providing land for loyal service
6. _Vassal____ -noble in medieval society who swore loyalty to a lord in return for land
7. _Pope_____ - the leader of the Catholic Church
8. _Tenant____ - farmer of other who pays rent to another for the use of the land or property
9. _Emperor____ -an absolute ruler of Rome
Athens and Sparta Reading:
10. The Greeks never united to form a single nation. Instead, they formed a number of _City___States__________.
11. _Athens___ became the city of trade and learning.
12. A great philosopher from Athens name Socrates__ was the first to encourage his pupils to
search for truth and goodness.
13. _Plato_________ founded a school of philosophy and science in Athens.
14. “father of Greek science” _Aristotle______
15. father of modern medicine” _Hippocrates_________
16. “father of geometry” _Euclid__________
17. Sparta______ was known for its warriors
18. _Alexander___ the___ _Great___ of Macedonia spread Greek culture to all parts of his
Classical Europe Reading:
19. _Classical___ __Europe______ is the term historians use to describe the ancient civilizations
of Greece and Rome.
20. The Greeks developed a form a government known as _democracy_, meaning “rule of the
21. Philosophy is the Greek term for “__love___ _of_ _wisdom________”.
22. In northern Egypt __Alexandria_ was the center of Alexander the Great’s empire.
23. The _Twelve___ _Tables___ formed the basis of Roman law and applied to all Roman citizens.
24. _Julius____ __Caesar___, a Roman general, tried to become an emperor but was killed by
Senate supporters.
25. The first Roman emperor, Caesar Augustus, initiated a period of peace and prosperity knows
as the _Pax__ __Romana_________.
26. _Christianity__ became the official religion of the Roman Empire under the emperors of
Constantine I and Theodosius I.
Medieval Europe Reading:
27. The Pope sent _missionaries_, teachers of Christianity, to every part of Europe to start schools
and help people learn.
28. _Charlemagne__ became King of the Franks in 771 and created an empire known as the
_Holy_ __Roman_ _Empire__.
29. Nobles and knights ran feudal estates known as _manors__ and these often included a castle.
30. During the Middle Ages, _towns__ became important centers for supplies, trade, and
31. Young workers began as an _apprentices_ to learn a trade and joined a guild once they
became more experienced.
The Manor
Nobles and Knights (Vassals)
Theater, Arts