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Transcript
Genetics Review – Chromosomes and Cell Division
1. ___ Homologues
2. ___
3. ___
4. ___
5. ___
Diploid
Haploid
Zygote
autosomes
6. ___ Sex chromosomes
7. ___ XY
8. ___ XX
9. ___ XO
10. ___XX
11. ___X
12. ___Trisomy
13. ___Trisomy 21
14. ___Birth
15. ___Karyotype
16. ___Nondisjunction
17. ___amniocentesis
18. ___Chorionic villi
sampling
19. ___Mutation
20. ___Deletion mutation
21. ___Duplication mutation
22. ___Inversion mutation
23. ___Translocation
mutation
24. ___Cell cycle
25. ___Interphase
26. ___G1 Phase
27. ___S Phase
28. ___G2 Phase
29. ___Mitosis
30. ___Cytokinesis
a. Chromosomes similar in size, shape, and genetic
content.
b. Cells that contain two sets of chromosomes
c. Cells that contain one set of chromosomes
d. Fertilized egg cell
e. Chromosomes not directly involved in determining
sex
f. Chromosomes that determine the sex of a zygote
g. Male
h. Female
i. Male grasshopper
j. Male bird, moth, or butterfly
k. Female bird, moth, or butterfly
l. More than two copies of a chromosome
m. Down syndrome
n. Age at which all eggs are present in a female human
o. Diagram of chromosomes
p. Failure of a chromosome to separate from its
homologue
q. Procedure used to remove fetal cells for culturing for
fetal karyotyping
r. Procedure for removing fetal cells for fetal
karyotyping without culturing
s. Change in an organism’s chromosome structure
t. Mutation from a piece of a chromosome breaking off
completely; often fatal
u. Mutation from a chromosome fragment attaching to
its homologue, copying certain genes
v. Mutation from a chromosome fragment reattaching
to its original in reverse order
w. Mutation from a fragment reattaching to a
nonhomologous chromosome
x. Complete life cycle of a eukaryotic cell; repeating
cycle of cellular growth and division.
y. Collective term for the first three phases of the cell
cycle
z. First growth phase, the major portion of the life of
most cells
aa. Synthesis phase in which DNA is copied
bb. Second growth phase, in which cells prepare to
divide
cc. Process during cell division in which the nucleus
divides into two nuclei
dd. Process in during cell division in which the
31. ___checkpoint
32. ___Cancer
33. ___Benign tumor
34. ___Malignant tumor
35. ___metastisis
36. ___Pro-oncogenes
37. ___Tumor-suppressor
genes
38. ___Spindles
39. ___Prophase
40. ___Metaphase
41. ___Anaphase
42. ___Telophase
43. ___Meiosis
44. ___Crossing over
45. ___Prophase I
46. ___Metaphase I
47. ___Anaphase I
48. ___Telophase I
49. ___Prophase II
50. ___Metaphase II
51. ___Anaphase II
52. ___Telophase II
53. ___Independent
Assortment
54. ___Genetic variation
55. ___Spermatogenesis
56. ___sperm
57. ___oogenesis
58. ___
59. ___
60. ___
61. ___
62. ___
63. ___
cytoplasm of the cell divides
ee. point at which the cell may or may not progress to
the next step in cell division
ff. Uncontrolled cell growth
gg. Cancer cells that remain at the original site
hh. Cancer cells that spread to other parts of the body
ii. The spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body
jj. Genes that stimulate normal cell growth and division
kk. genes that inhibit cell growth and division to prevent
abnormal cell growth
ll. Cell structures of centrioles or microtubules
involved in moving chromosomes during cell
division
mm. Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes coil and
become visible
nn. Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes meet at the
equator of the nucleus
oo. Phase of mitosis in which centromeres of the
chromatids split and resulting chromosomes split.
pp. Phase of mitosis in which a nuclear envelope forms
around the chromosomes at each pole.
qq. Cell division that halves the number of
chromosomes to form gametes or spores
rr. When portions of a chromatid on one homologue are
broken and exchanged with corresponding portions
on the other homologue.
ss.
tt.
uu.
vv.
ww.
xx.
yy.
zz.
aaa.
bbb.
ccc.
ddd.
eee.
fff.
ggg.
hhh.
iii.
jjj.
kkk.
64. ___
65. ___
66. ___
lll.
mmm.
nnn.
Penicillium mold
Australian ant
Yeast
Mosquito
Housefly
Garden pea
Fruit fly
Potatoes
Plums
Chimpanzees
Corn
Horse
Adder’s tongue fern
Frog
Human
Orangutan
Dog
1
1
18
6
12
14
8
48
48
48
20
64
1,262
26
46
48
78
Put these in the correct order from subset to superset (smallest to largest):
Draft
Atom
Molecule
Amino acid
Nucleotide
Codon
DNA
Chromosome
Gene
Nucleus
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Organism
Species
Population
Community
Final Guess
Ecosystem
Biome
planet
Can you identify the phases of mitosis and meiosis?