The Present Perfect tense How and when to use it Present Perfect • Verb Tense we use to describe: 1) Experiences in the past 2) Completed events 3) Actions that began in the past and continue now, with consequences in the present time Main Uses of the Present Perfect • Use 1 • Something that started in the past and still true now Example: Spain has been a member of the EU since 1986 Main uses of the Present Perfect • Use 2 • Indefinite past action (the time is unspecified or unknown) ? Example: I have seen that person somewhere Main uses of the Present Perfect • Use 3 • Repeated action in the past Example: I have been to England lots of times Main uses of the Present Perfect • Use 4 • An action that began in the past and has recently finished (we can add “just”) • Example: My sister has just arrived from holidays, she told me the flight was very nice How to form the Present Perfect Subject + have / has + past participle I You He She It We They People Everyone ….. spoken begun shown come gone cut become swum won Past Participles What is a past participle? • For regular past tense verbs, the –ed form: liked, walked, worked, talked • For irregular past verbs, memorize: been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written Do you know the past participles? • • • • Click Here to Find Out. Click! Or here! Or here, too. Key words for present perfect • Already = (adv.) before now I have already finished my homework. • Not yet = (adv.) not before now Scientists have not discovered a cure yet Key words for present perfect • Never = (adv.) not at any time in the past, including now I have never seen such a beautiful sunset! • Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present ** Used only in questions Have you ever ridden a horse? Reminder about Adverb Placement • With two verbs (auxiliary and main verb), place the adverb between them I have never eaten raw fish. Key words for present perfect • Before = at some time in the past behind the present time I have been to Las Vegas before. • Several times, many times, a few times, a couple of times, a lot of times = for indefinite or repeated past actions Key words for present perfect • Since and for • Since + specific point in the past when the action started I have lived here since 1987 ( /sIns/ ) • For + duration, length of time • I have lived here for 34 years Practice: since or for? _______ January _______ 10 years _______ Monday _______ 12 noon _______ I got up _______ 5 minutes _______ a long time ago _______ four days _______ 6:00 _______ Wednesday _______ a month _______ two days ago _______ November 1 _______ 2004 _______ an hour _______ I was young Need more practice with since and for? • Click Here! • Or here! Online Practice • • • • • Simple Practice Forming Questions in Present Perfect Change to Present Perfect More Practice Still More Practice Any Questions about Present Perfect?