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The Present Perfect tense
How and when to use it
Present Perfect
• Verb Tense we use to describe:
1) Experiences in the past
2) Completed events
3) Actions that began in the past and
continue now, with consequences in the
present time
Main Uses of
the Present Perfect
• Use 1
• Something that started in the past and still
true now
Example: Spain has been a member of the
EU since 1986
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 2
• Indefinite past action
(the time is unspecified or unknown)
Example: I have seen that person
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 3
• Repeated action in the past
I have been to England lots of times
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 4
• An action that began in the past and has
recently finished (we can add “just”)
• Example:
My sister has just arrived from holidays,
she told me the flight was very nice
How to form the Present Perfect
Subject + have / has + past participle
Past Participles
What is a past participle?
• For regular past tense verbs, the –ed
form: liked, walked, worked, talked
• For irregular past verbs, memorize:
been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written
Do you know the past participles?
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Or here, too.
Key words for present perfect
• Already = (adv.) before now
I have already finished my homework.
• Not yet = (adv.) not before now
Scientists have not discovered a cure yet
Key words for present perfect
• Never = (adv.) not at any time
in the past, including now
I have never seen
such a beautiful sunset!
• Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present
** Used only in questions
Have you ever ridden a horse?
Reminder about Adverb Placement
• With two verbs (auxiliary and main verb),
place the adverb between them
I have never eaten raw fish.
Key words for present perfect
• Before = at some time in the past behind
the present time
I have been to Las Vegas before.
• Several times, many times, a few times,
a couple of times, a lot of times = for
indefinite or repeated past actions
Key words for present perfect
• Since and for
• Since + specific point in the past when
the action started
I have lived here since 1987 ( /sIns/ )
• For + duration, length of time
• I have lived here for 34 years
Practice: since or for?
_______ January
_______ 10 years
_______ Monday
_______ 12 noon
_______ I got up
_______ 5 minutes
_______ a long time ago
_______ four days
_______ 6:00
_______ Wednesday
_______ a month
_______ two days ago
_______ November 1
_______ 2004
_______ an hour
_______ I was young
Need more practice
with since and for?
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• Or here!
Online Practice
Simple Practice
Forming Questions in Present Perfect
Change to Present Perfect
More Practice
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Any Questions
about Present Perfect?