Download Present Perfect

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
The Present Perfect tense
How and when to use it
Present Perfect
• Verb Tense we use to describe:
1) Experiences in the past
2) Completed events
3) Actions that began in the past and
continue now, with consequences in the
present time
Main Uses of
the Present Perfect
• Use 1
• Something that started in the past and still
true now
Example: Spain has been a member of the
EU since 1986
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 2
• Indefinite past action
(the time is unspecified or unknown)
?
Example: I have seen that person
somewhere
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 3
• Repeated action in the past
Example:
I have been to England lots of times
Main uses of the
Present Perfect
• Use 4
• An action that began in the past and has
recently finished (we can add “just”)
• Example:
My sister has just arrived from holidays,
she told me the flight was very nice
How to form the Present Perfect
Subject + have / has + past participle
I
You
He
She
It
We
They
People
Everyone
…..
spoken
begun
shown
come
gone
cut
become
swum
won
Past Participles
What is a past participle?
• For regular past tense verbs, the –ed
form: liked, walked, worked, talked
• For irregular past verbs, memorize:
been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written
Do you know the past participles?
•
•
•
•
Click Here to Find Out.
Click!
Or here!
Or here, too.
Key words for present perfect
• Already = (adv.) before now
I have already finished my homework.
• Not yet = (adv.) not before now
Scientists have not discovered a cure yet
Key words for present perfect
• Never = (adv.) not at any time
in the past, including now
I have never seen
such a beautiful sunset!
• Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present
** Used only in questions
Have you ever ridden a horse?
Reminder about Adverb Placement
• With two verbs (auxiliary and main verb),
place the adverb between them
I have never eaten raw fish.
Key words for present perfect
• Before = at some time in the past behind
the present time
I have been to Las Vegas before.
• Several times, many times, a few times,
a couple of times, a lot of times = for
indefinite or repeated past actions
Key words for present perfect
• Since and for
• Since + specific point in the past when
the action started
I have lived here since 1987 ( /sIns/ )
• For + duration, length of time
• I have lived here for 34 years
Practice: since or for?
_______ January
_______ 10 years
_______ Monday
_______ 12 noon
_______ I got up
_______ 5 minutes
_______ a long time ago
_______ four days
_______ 6:00
_______ Wednesday
_______ a month
_______ two days ago
_______ November 1
_______ 2004
_______ an hour
_______ I was young
Need more practice
with since and for?
• Click Here!
• Or here!
Online Practice
•
•
•
•
•
Simple Practice
Forming Questions in Present Perfect
Change to Present Perfect
More Practice
Still More Practice
Any Questions
about Present Perfect?