FINAL TAKE-HOME EXAM FILL IN THE BLANK-with the correct answer. 1. In neurons, ________________________ carry impulses away from the cell body of the neuron. 2. In the brain, the _________________________ is described as the decision-making and memory portion of the brain. 3. ________________________ are neuroglial cells that function by producing myelin sheaths. 4. The _____________________ is defined as an outer bag around the brain. 5. The ______________________ is the portion of the brain that regulates muscular movement, balance and posture. 6. Fight or flight responses are regulated by the ______________________ portion of the autonomic nervous system. 7. _____________________ are small branches of neurons that carry impulses to the cell body. 8. The _________________________ division of the autonomic nervous system regulates digestion and those processes that allow us to generate and conserve energy. 9. The end of the spinal cord is known as the ______________________________. 10. In the brain, the ____________________ is composed of the medulla oblongata, the pons and the midbrain. 11. The __________________ extends from the end of the spinal cord and attaches to the coccyx. 12. The ____________________ is described as the nonvascular covering that surrounds the iris of the eye. 13. The ____________________ connects the middle ear with the nasopharynx. 14. The ____________________ contains otoliths that are responsible for providing us with our balance and equilibrium. 15. _________________ are photoreceptors that allow for color vision in the eye. 16. _______________________ are thin mucous membranes associated with the eyelids. 17. The _____________________ resembles a snail’s shell and contains the spiral organ. 18. _____________________ are elevations on the tongue that contain the taste buds. 19. ______________________ glands are located in the external auditory canal and produce earwax. 20. __________________________ are neurons that respond to chemicals by producing smell impulses. 21. The ______________________ is a hole in the center of the iris. 22. In the retina, the optic disc is also known as the ___________________________. 23. The _______________ gland is located in the brain and is often called the Master Gland. 24. Melatonin is a hormone that is secreted by the _________________ gland. 25. The hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are sometimes referred to as __________________. 26. Parathyroid hormone functions by increasing __________________ levels in the blood. 27. The ________________ gland secretes hormones that regulate glucose oxidation in the body.