Download Training Manual on wildlife diseases and surveillance

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Training Manual on Wildlife Diseases and Surveillance
• Laboratory identification (diagnosis) of disease in sick and dead wild animals
– What laboratory(ies) can and will perform autopsy and other medical
examinations and tests for pathogens and diseases in wild animals?
– Where are these located?
• Information management
– How can information about pathogens and diseases in wild animals be recorded,
stored, searched and used in your country?
What systems now are used for domestic animal pathogens and diseases?
– Can these same systems be used for wild animal pathogens and diseases?
– What agencies or organizations would operate and maintain these recordkeeping
systems (computer databases) for wildlife pathogens and diseases?
• Communication of surveillance results to meet the objectives of the programme
– Who will review, analyse and report to the OIE Delegate and others about the
results of the wildlife pathogen and disease surveillance programme?
– What government agencies or others will be responsible for analysis and
– What government agencies or other groups will receive reports and information
about the results of the surveillance programme?
• Management and governance of the programme
– What government ministries or agencies will participate in this surveillance
– How will they be organised to work together?
– Who (agency, group) will be responsible for coordinating and managing the
programme to ensure that it meets its objectives?
– Will there be important non-government participants?
2. Surveillance for avian influenza virus in wild ducks
• Securing samples from wild ducks9
– Who will design the sampling plan to ensure that the results will be meaningful
and valid statistically?
– What information exists regarding the species of wild ducks, the size of their
populations and their location throughout the year and in the various regions in
the country? Who has this information?
– How will wild ducks be captured for the survey and who will do this?
– Who will correctly identify the ducks to species?
– Where and by whom will the samples be frozen and then shipped to laboratory?
The samples needed for this survey are swabs taken from the mouth and the anus of live or freshly-dead wild
ducks, placed in a vial of liquid medium, and frozen for transportation to the laboratory