Download Training Manual on wildlife diseases and surveillance

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Training Manual on Wildlife Diseases and Surveillance
f) Risk reduction
During a risk analysis, it may become evident that some of the risks identified could be
reduced by changing procedures to be used in the translocation programme. A statement about
ways in which risks may be reduced is included in the risk assessment.
5. Information requirements
Many different kinds of information are required for risk analysis: species and
populations of animals, pathogens and their mechanisms of transmission and spread,
transportation and quarantine facilities and procedures, and general information about the
source and destination environments, including their human economies and cultures. If
sufficient information is not available, it is not possible to carry out an analysis of health risks.
Yet, very often, sufficient information is available to permit a health risk assessment that will
contribute importantly to reducing risks and preventing wildlife-related disease problems.
6. Decision making
Decisions whether or not to proceed with wild animal translocations, or with other
programmes that include wildlife health hazards and risks, may be determined by the results of
health risk analysis, but they also may be influenced by a variety of other factors. Risk analysis
informs decision makers regarding health risks and provides them with options to reduce risk if
it is decided to proceed with the translocation or other programme.
7. Objectivity, subjectivity and transparency
Health risk analysis must be as objective as possible. It should be based on all of the
available, relevant information and firmly on science. However, it is not possible to conduct a
health risk analysis that is entirely free of subjective judgement. It is possible and essential,
however, to identify clearly when a subjective judgement is used within a risk analysis. The basis
for such judgements should be clearly stated so that there can be no confusion by the reader of
the risk analysis report regarding which elements of the analysis are based on science and which
are based on subjective assessments. Thus, health risk analysis must be transparent. The reader
of a health risk analysis report must be informed of all of the information that was available to
the analysts, must be shown how the information was evaluated and how risk assessments were
derived, must be informed of information that was not available or that was ignored, and must
be informed of the uncertainties associated with the risk analysis.