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Training Manual on Wildlife Diseases and Surveillance
responsible for domestic animal health, wildlife health, human health and environmental and
ecological health.
This new paradigm for managing health and disease has come to be called the ‘One
World, One Health’ approach, so named at a conference organized by the Wildlife Conservation
Society in September 2004. It now is strongly supported by international bodies such as the OIE,
the WHO, FAO and other United Nations organizations, and by the World Bank. It also is
supported by many countries as a basis for national health management.
In the One World, One Health concept, disease prevention, surveillance, response and
management are integrated across all relevant government units and social institutions. Such
integration is entirely new to most governments and health management organisations, and
successful implementation of the One World, One Health model will require creative new
policies and a new high degree of day-to-day collaboration and communication among agencies
which previously may have interacted very little.
Wildlife disease prevention, surveillance, response and management will be key
components of health management in the One World, One Health model. This is one important
reason that the OIE has placed a renewed emphasis on surveillance for, and reporting of,
pathogens and important epidemiological events that occur in wild animals.
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